Showing 2738 results

Authority record

Bidini, Dave

"Dave Bidini is a Canadian musician and writer. Originally from Etobicoke, Ontario, he was a founding member of the rock band Rheostatics, and currently performs with Bidiniband. In addition, he has published several books about music, travel and sports, and has written feature journalism pieces and columns for numerous Canadian magazines and newspapers. He is the only Canadian to have been nominated for all three of Canada's main entertainment awards, the Gemini Award for television work, the Genie Awards for film work and the Juno Awards for music, as well as being nominated on Canada's national book awards program, Canada Reads."


"Dave Bidini formed Bidiniband, featuring former Rheostatics member Don Kerr on drums, Paul Linklater on guitar, and Doug Friesen on bass. Their debut album, The Land is Wild, was produced by Kerr and was released on Pheromone Recordings in 2009. Bidini's website describes the album features "more songs about dead hockey players, cannibalism and lesbian school teachers."

Bird, Bonnie

"Bonnie Bird, a Martha Graham dancer in the 1930's and an internationally known teacher, ...she studied with Graham, who invited her to join her company in New York. She performed from 1933 to 1937, appearing in works that included "Celebration," "American Provincial," "Panorama" and "Chronicle." ...Miss Bird played an important part in the founding and development of the American Dance Guild and the Congress on Research in Dance. In 1974, she began a long association with the Laban Center for Movement and Dance in London." (Source:

Black Sparrow Press

"Black Sparrow Books, formerly known as Black Sparrow Press, is a book publisher originally founded in 1966 by John Martin of Santa Rosa, California. He founded this company in order to publish the works of Charles Bukowski and other avant-garde authors. He initially financed this company by selling his large collection of rare first editions. Typography and printing were the work of Graham Mackintosh of San Francisco, Noel Young and Edwards Brothers, Inc. Barbara Martin oversaw all of the title page and cover designs, which are still unique today.

Black Sparrow Press most prominently published the work of authors Charles Bukowski, John Fante, and Paul Bowles. A more complete list is shown below. These artists, now considered part of a contemporary 'alternative tradition,' were first established and nurtured under the auspices of Black Sparrow Press. Many of its titles are now highly collectible.

Black Sparrow Press sold the rights to publish Bukowski, Bowles and Fante to HarperCollins Publishers in 2002. At this point, John Martin retired. Martin then sold the remainder of his inventory for $1.00 to David R. Godine, Publisher who adopted the name Black Sparrow Books. Godine is now the exclusive licensed distributor of Black Sparrow Books while HarperCollins continues to print and reprint the books by Bukowski, Fante and Bowles, replicating the original designs. In 2010, Black Sparrow published Door to the River, a collection of essays by Aram Saroyan; Well Then There Now, a collection of poems by Juliana Spahr; and Cheyenne Madonna, a collection of linked short stories by Eddie Chuculate. Copies of all editions of Charles Bukowski's works published by the Black Sparrow Press are held at Western Michigan University, which purchased the archive of the publishing house after its closure in 2003."
-from Wikipedia entry available at: .

Black, Naomi

Naomi Black is Professor Emerita of Political Science and Women's Studies at York University in Toronto, and an Adjunct Professor of Women's Studies at Mount Saint Vincent University in Nova Scotia. Her research interests have focused on international relations, nationalism and imperialism, women in politics and social feminism. Black was the first woman hired in York University's Department of Political Science in 1964 where she fought to legitimize the study of women and politics both within her department and without. She was a founder of both the undergraduate and graduate programmes in Women's Studies at York, and served on the Ontario Commission on the Status of Women. From 1985-1987, she served as the Status of Women adviser to the Office of the President at York University, during which time she founded "The Second Decade/La Deuxieme Decennie" newsletter in order to provide a voice to the women who work and study at York University, and to further the implementation of employment equity at York. Black also helped to establish York's Nellie Langford Rowell Women's Studies Library. Her publications include "Social Feminism" (1989), "Canadian Women: A History" (co-author; 1988, 1996 and 2011), "Feminist Politics on the Farm" (co-author; 1999), Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" (edited by Black in 2001), and "Virginia Woolf as Feminist" (2004). Black earned her BA from Cornell University, and her MA and PhD from Yale University. Her work was recognized with a honorary degree from York University in 2010.

Blackie, John Stuart, 1809-1895

  • Person
  • 1809-1895

John Stuart Blackie (1809–1895), classical and Scottish Gaelic scholar, was educated at the New Academy and afterwards at the Marischal College, in Aberdeen. After attending classes at Edinburgh University (1825–1826), Blackie spent three years at Aberdeen as a student of theology. In 1829 he went to Germany, and after studying at Göttingen and Berlin, he accompanied Bunsen to Italy and Rome. The years spent abroad extinguished his former wish to enter the Church, and at his father's desire he gave himself up to the study of law. By the time he was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates (1834) he had acquired a strong love of the classics and a taste for letters in general. In May 1839 he was appointed to the newly instituted chair of Humanity (Latin) in the Marischal College. Difficulties arose in the way of his installation, but he took up his duties as professor in November 1841. Blackie published a translation of Aeschylus in 1850, which led to his appointment in 1852 to the professorship of Greek at Edinburgh University. A journey to Greece in 1853 prompted his essay On the Living Language of the Greeks. Scottish nationality was another source of enthusiasm with him; and in this connection he displayed real sympathy with highland home life and the grievances of the crofters. The foundation of the Celtic chair at Edinburgh University was mainly due to his efforts. In the 1880s and 1890s, he lectured at Oxford on the pronunciation of Greek, and corresponded on the subject with William Hardie. In May 1893, he gave his last lecture at Oxford. He died in Edinburgh in 1895.

Blanc, Louis

  • Person
  • 1811-1882

Louis Blanc was born on October 29, 1811. He was a French politician, historian, and socialist who favored reforms and called for the creation of cooperatives in order to guarantee employment for the urban poor.

Bloomfield, George 1930-2011

  • Person
  • 1930-2011

George Bloomfield was a Canadian film director, producer, actor, screenwriter and editor .

Bloxam, George W.

  • Person
  • fl. 1890-1893

Secretary of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Also Secretary of The British Association for the Advancement of Science.
In 1893, Bloxam published an Index of the Institutes' publications for the years 1843-1891.

Blunt, Walter, 1802-1868

  • Person
  • 1802-1868

Educated at Eton and St. John's College, Cambridge, he was a Fellow of King's College (1824-27), rector of Wilksby (1829-31) and vicar of Newark-upon-Trent, 1835-68. He was joint-editor of the Etonian.

Blunt, William O.

  • Person
  • -1910

May be Richard Blunt, the first Anglican bishop of Hull in the Church of England from 1891 to his death in 1910.

Body, George

(from ODNB entry by G.S. Woods)

Body, George (1840–1911), Church of England clergyman, born at Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon, on 7 January 1840, was the son of Josiah Body, surgeon, and his wife, Mary Snell. He was educated at Blundell's School, Tiverton, from 1849 to 1857, and subsequently entered St Augustine's Missionary College, Canterbury. His intention of undertaking missionary work abroad had to be abandoned because of ill health. In 1859 he matriculated from St John's College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1862 and proceeding MA in 1876. Subsequently he received from Durham University the degree of MA ad eundem (1884) and an honorary DD (1885). On 25 September 1864 he married Louisa Jane (b. c.1837), daughter of William Lewis of Sedgley.

Body was ordained deacon in 1863 and priest the following year. He served successively as curate of St James, Wednesbury (1863–5), Sedgley (1865–7), and Christ Church, Wolverhampton (1867–70). Like other ‘slum priests’, such as Charles Lowder and G. R. Prynne, he sought to bring the teaching and practices of the Oxford Movement to the working classes, combining evangelical fervour with Tractarian principles. Nominated rector of Kirby Misperton, Yorkshire, in 1870 he took an active part in the parochial mission movement. In 1883 he was appointed canon-missioner of Durham by Bishop Lightfoot, and for twenty-eight years carried on successful mission work among Durham miners. He had a fine reputation as a mission preacher: his sermons were remarkable for their directness and sincerity, an appeal enhanced by a west country burr which he retained to the end of his life.

Body's varied activities covered a wide area. He was proctor in convocation for Cleveland from 1880 to 1885, and for Durham in 1906, and vice-president of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (1890), and succeeded his friend Bishop G. H. Wilkinson as warden of the Sisterhood of the Epiphany, Truro, in 1891. He was select preacher at Cambridge (1892–6 and 1900–06) and lecturer in pastoral theology at King's College, London, in 1909. He also acted as examining chaplain to the bishop of St Andrews from 1893 to 1908. Although he was a member of the English Church Union his sympathies were broad, and his conciliatory attitude during the ritualist crisis of 1898–9 exercised a moderating influence on the militant section of the high-church party. He published many sermons and devotional works.

Body died at The College, Durham, on 5 June 1911. He was survived by his wife and his three sons and four daughters, among whom was (Mary) Agnes Body (1866–1952). A memorial fund was raised after his death for the maintenance of the diocesan mission house and a home for mission workers among the Durham miners.

For more information, see .

Bogart, Mary Louise, 1935-

  • Person

Mary Louise Bogart (1935- ) and John Edward Page (1923-1989) were affiliated with the Faculty of Environmental Studies at York University and jointly wrote an article on the contribution of James B. Milner in the field of community planning law.

Bolland, G. J.

(from Wikipedia entry)
Gerardus Johannes Petrus Josephus (Gerald) Bolland) was a Dutch auto didact, philosopher and linguist.
Born in Groningen to a working class Catholic family, Bolland later obtained a job as a teacher in Katwijk and later an English and German teacher in Batavia. He applied successfuly to a a position as professor of philsophy a the University of Leiden in 1896.
He was responsible for reviving Hegelianism in the Netherlands, writing new works, and in general encouraging a revival in philosophy in the Netherlands.

His papers are held a the DBNL Archives. See: .

For more information, see: .

Bonsanquet, B.

(from Wikipedia entry)

Bernard Bosanquet (/ˈboʊzənˌkɛt, -kɪt/; 14 June[1] 1848 – 8 February 1923) was an English philosopher and political theorist, and an influential figure on matters of political and social policy in late 19th and early 20th century Britain. His work influenced – but was later subject to criticism by – many thinkers, notably Bertrand Russell, John Dewey and William James. Bernard was the husband of Charity Organisation Society leader Helen Bosanquet.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: .

Boole, Mary Everest

(from Wikipedia entry)

Mary Everest Boole (1832, Wickwar, Gloucestershire – 1916) was a self-taught mathematician who is best known as an author of didactic works on mathematics, such as Philosophy and Fun of Algebra, and as the wife of fellow mathematician George Boole. Her progressive ideas on education, as expounded in The Preparation of the Child for Science, included encouraging children to explore mathematics through playful activities such as 'curve stitching'. Her life is of interest to feminists as an example of how women made careers in an academic system that did not welcome them. She was born Mary Everest in England, the daughter of Revd Thomas Roupell Everest, Rector of Wickwar, and Mary nee Ryall. Her uncle George Everest gave his name to Mount Everest. She spent the first part of her life in France where she received an education in mathematics from a private tutor. On returning to England at the age of 11 she continued to pursue her interest in mathematics through self-instruction. George Boole became her tutor in 1852 and on the death of her father in 1855 they married and moved to Cork County, Ireland. Mary greatly contributed as an editor to Boole's The Laws of Thought, a work on algebraic logic. She had five daughters by him.

She was widowed in 1864, at the age of 32, and returned to England where she was offered a post as a librarian at Queen's College, London. She also tutored privately in mathematics and developed a philosophy of teaching that involved the use of natural materials and physical activities to encourage an imaginative conception of the subject. Her interest extended beyond mathematics to Darwinian theory, philosophy and psychology and she organised discussion groups on these subjects among others.

Her five daughters made their marks in a range of fields. Alicia Boole Stott (1860–1940) became an expert in four-dimensional geometry. Ethel Lilian (1864–1960) married the Polish revolutionary Wilfrid Michael Voynich and was the author of a number of works including The Gadfly. Mary Ellen married mathematician Charles Hinton and Margaret (1858–1935) was the mother of mathematician G. I. Taylor. Lucy Everest (1862–1905) was a talented chemist and became the first woman Fellow of the Institute of Chemistry.[10]
Mary Everest Boole's husband fell ill in 1864, after he had walked two miles in the drenching rain and then lectured wearing his wet clothes. He developed a severe cold and high fever. Mary put her husband to bed and - since she believed in the principle of analogies and like cures like - thought pouring buckets of water over him might help. Tragically, this made him worse; on 8 December 1864, he died of fever-induced pleural effusion.

She died in 1916 at the age of 84.

For more information, see: .

Boole family papers available at Bristol University. See: .

Booth, Charles James

(from Wikipedia entry)

Charles James Booth (30 March 1840 – 23 November 1916) was an English philanthropist and social researcher. He is most famed for his innovative work on documenting working class life in London at the end of the 19th century, work that along with that of Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree influenced government intervention against poverty in the early 20th century and led to the founding of Old Age pensions.[1] and free school meals for the poorest children.

Booth was a cousin of the Fabian socialist and author Martha Beatrice Webb, Baroness Passfield (née Potter; 1858–1943). Booth worked closely with Potter for his research on poverty.

St Paul's Cathedral is the grateful recipient of his gift of Holman Hunt's painting: The Light of The World. On 29 April 1871, Booth married Mary Macaulay, who was niece of the celebrated historian Thomas Babington Macaulay. His eldest daughter married the Hon Sir Malcolm Macnaghten, and others married into the Ritchie and Gore Browne families.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Booth, Mrs. A.

  • Person
  • fl. 1891

President of Liverpool Conference of Mothers.

Borden, Robert Laird, 1854-1937

  • VIAF ID: 12434114 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1854-1937

Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937), lawyer and politician, was raised in Halifax where he became a lawyer and Conservative Party politician. He became leader of the party in 1901 and led it to victory in the national election of 1911, remaining Prime Minister until his retirement in 1920. Borden served as Prime Minister during World War I. He promoted the cause of Canadian nationhood within the British Empire.

Borrow, George

  • Person
  • 1802-1881

George Henry Borrow was an English author who wrote novels and travelogues based on his experiences traveling around Europe. Over the course of his wanderings, he developed a close affinity with the Romani people of Europe, who figure prominently in his work. His best known books are The Bible in Spain, the autobiographical Lavengro, and The Romany Rye, about his time with the English Romanichal (gypsies).

Boucher de la Bruere, Montarville, 1867-1943

  • Person

Montarville Boucher de la Bruere (1867-1943) was a journalist, archivist and author. He succeeded his father as editor of the "Courier de Saint-Hyacinthe," (1895-1903), and also worked on "La Minerve," "La patrie," and "Le devoir." He also served as head of the Archives of Canada at Montreal, beginning in 1914.

Bouchet, Edward A. (Edward Alexander), 1852-1918

  • 14437769
  • Person
  • 15 September 1852- 28 October 1918

Edward Alexander Bouchet (September 15, 1852 – October 28, 1918) was an African American physicist and educator. In 1874, he became one of the first African Americans to graduate from Yale College,[a] and was the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. from any American university, completing his dissertation in physics at Yale in 1876. On the basis of his academic record he was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society.

Boughton, Noelle

Noelle Boughton is an author and freelance writer who has published articles for a variety of Canadian publications including 'The Beaver', 'Canadian Business', 'Canadian Living', 'Chatelaine', 'Maclean's', 'the United Church Observer', among other serials. She was born and raised in Manitoba and holds a BA from the University of Manitoba and a Bachelor of Journalism (Hons) from Carleton University. Boughton's book 'Margaret Laurence : a gift of grace ; a spiritual biography' was released in 2006. She is currently working on a novel (with a working title of 'Jack-in-the-Box') which was a Chapters/Robertson Davies Prize semi-finalist and a University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies/Random House of Canada Award finalist.

Boulton, Augusta

  • Person

Augusta Boulton (nee Latter) was born on Orillia, Ontario. She and married Charles Arkoll Boulton in 1874 and removed to Manitoba where he farmed. Boulton was a soldier and participated in the Riel Rebellion (1870) on the Loyalist side. He also raised a troop, known as 'Boulton's Rangers,' which participated in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885 at the Battle of Frog Lake and later in the capture of Big Bear. He was appointed to the Senate in 1889.

Bouraoui, Hédi

  • 84969047
  • Person
  • 1932-

Dr. Hédi Bouraoui, C.M. (1932-) is a poet, novelist, essayist, and the acting writer-in-residence in York University's Department of French Studies. Born in Sfax, Tunisia and educated in the South-West of France, Bouraoui came to the United States in 1958 as a Fulbright Scholar, and received an MA in English and American Literature at Indiana University. Later, he would receive his PhD. in Romance Studies at Cornell University. Bouraoui's first appointment with York University was as the coordinator of French in the former Division of Literatures and Language Training, where he developed the Creaculture program. Bouraoui is an advocate for French-language literature, and is the author of more than twenty books of poetry, a dozen novels, and a number of books of literary criticism. Bouraoui's research and teaching interests include contemporary critical theory, postcolonial Francophone literatures, including North African, Caribbean, and Franco-Ontarian literature. In May of 2018, Bouraoui was recognized as a Member of the Order of Canada.

Bowditch, Henry Pickering

(from Wikipedia entry)

Henry Pickering Bowditch (April 4, 1840 – March 13, 1911) was an American soldier, physician, physiologist, and dean of the Harvard Medical School. Following his teacher Carl Ludwig, he promoted the training of medical practitioners in a context of physiological research. His teaching career at Harvard spanned 35 years.

Henry P. Bowditch was born to the Massachusetts Bowditch family, noted for the mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch, his grandfather, and the archaeologist Charles Pickering Bowditch, his brother. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch and Lucy Orne Nichols Bowditch. In 1861, he graduated from Harvard College, and then entered Harvard’s Lawrence Scientific School. His studies there were interrupted by his service for the Union army in the United States Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major in the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry. After graduation from Harvard Medical School in 1868, he went to Paris to study with Claude Bernard. In Bernard’s lab he worked alongside Louis-Antoine Ranvier, later known for neuroanatomy, and Étienne-Jules Marey who promoted the use of photography to capture physiological dynamics. According to Walter Bradford Cannon, when in Paris, Bowditch joined with fellow Bostonians John Collins Warren, Jr., William James, and Charles Emerson for frog-hunting parties. In 1875-1876, Bowditch, William James, Charles Pickering Putnam (1844-1914), and James Jackson Putnam (1846-1918) founded the Putnam Camp at St. Huberts, Essex County, New York.

Bowditch continued his European studies in Bonn with Wilhelm Kuhne and Max Schultze. Ultimately he proceeded to Leipzig where Carl Ludwig was conducting the program that Bowditch would emulate at Harvard. Bowditch impressed Ludwig by constructing an improvement on the kymograph then in use. His studies in Leipzig brought him into contact with, among others, Ray Lankester, Angelo Mosso, Hugo Kronecker and Carl von Voit.

Bowditch was appointed assistant professor of physiology at Harvard in 1871. While still in Germany, he purchased European materials to support the investigative training program he planned. And dramatically, on 9 September 1871, just days before sailing for Boston, he married Selma Knuth of Leipzig. The Bowditch laboratory at Harvard, the first physiological laboratory in the United States, began modestly in attic rooms allotted to him. Bowditch's career at Harvard was parallel to that of William James who instituted his program of experimental psychology in 1875. Bowditch and James represented the New Education espoused by Charles William Eliot, Harvard's President. In 1876 Bowditch was promoted to full professor. In 1887 he co-founded and was the first president of the American Physiological Society. At Harvard he rose to the position of dean of the medical school, serving from 1883 to 1893. In 1903 he was honoured with the George Higginson chair. After 35 years teaching for Harvard, he retired in 1906, and died in Jamaica Plains, Massachusetts in 1913. His students included Walter Bradford Cannon, Charles Sedgwick Minot and G. Stanley Hall.

Manfred Bowditch, Henry's son, gave a personal description of the man he knew as father. Bowditch did much experimentation in a cottage at an Adirondack camp at the head of Keene Valley which bore his name. There, with a well-equipped workshop the son witnessed considerable "inventiveness and manual skill" that Henry also applied in the physiology lab.

Bowditch was granted honorary degrees from five universities: Cambridge, Edinburgh, Toronto, Pennsylvania, and Harvard.

Henry Pickering Bowditch was known for his physiological work on cardiac contraction and knee jerk. He also developed an interest in anthropometry, and showed that nutrition and environmental factors contribute to physiological development. Bowditch can be seen as a link between the milieu interieur of Claude Bernard, his teacher, and homeostasis as developed by his student Walter Cannon.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Bowsfield, Hartwell, 1922-.

  • Person

Hartwell Bowsfield, archivist, professor and historian, was born on 7 July 1922 and educated at the University of Manitoba (B.A. 1948) and the University of Toronto (Ph.D. 1977). Bowsfield was the Provincial Archivist of Manitoba from 1952-1967, following which he became the first University Archivist of York University in 1970, a position he held until his retirement in 1988. In addition to his archival work, Bowsfield was a lecturer and an assistant and later an associate professor of history at York from 1970 to 1978. He also served as the first archivist of York University and lectured on archives administration at the Faculty of Library Science at the University of Toronto. Bowsfield is the author or editor of numerous publications including "The James Wickes Taylor Papers, 1859-1870" and "Louis Riel, Rebel of the Western Frontier" and has contributed articles on Western Canadian History to scholarly journals and to edited histories of Canada.

Boyle, Harry J. (Harry Joseph), 1915-2005

Harry J. Boyle, journalist, broadcaster and playwright, was born on 7 October 1915 in St. Augustine, Ontario. His education included high school in Wingham and St. Jerome's College in Kitchener, Ontario. He married Marion McCaffrey in 1937, with whom he had two children. Mr. Boyle had a long career in journalism, having contributed articles to the London Free Press and the Toronto Globe and Mail, and a weekly column for the Toronto Telegram, 1957-1968. He joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as Farm Commentator in 1942 and became Director of the National Farm Radio Forum, 1942-1946. Other radio credits include: "CBC Wednesday Night," "Assignment," and "Project" series. Mr. Boyle also served on the Canadian Radio and Television Commission (CRTC) as the vice-chairman, 1968-1976, and chairman, 1976-1977. He won awards for his contribution to broadcasting, and to Canadian television and radio in particular. Besides journalism, Boyle has written a number of radio plays, a stage play, three books of essays, and several novels. He has been a faculty member at the Banff School of Fine Arts and a member of the Ontario Arts Council, 1979-1982. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1978. Harry Boyle died in Toronto on 22 January 2005.

Boys, Charles Vernon

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir Charles Vernon Boys, FRS (15 March 1855 – 30 March 1944) was a British physicist, known for his careful and innovative experimental work.

Boys was the eighth child of the Reverend Charles Boys, the Anglican vicar of Wing, Rutland. He was educated at Marlborough College and the Royal School of Mines, where he learned physics from Frederick Guthrie and taught himself higher mathematics while completing a degree in mining and metallurgy. As a student at the School of Mines he invented a mechanical device (which he called the "integraph") for plotting the integral of a function. He worked briefly in the coal industry before accepting Guthrie's offer of a position as "demonstrator."

Boys achieved recognition as a scientist for his invention of the fused quartz fibre torsion balance, which allowed him to measure extremely small forces. He made the fused quartz fibres for his instrument by attaching a quartz rod to a crossbow quarrel, heating the rod to the point of melting, and firing the crossbow. By this means he produced fibre so thin that it could not be resolved with an optical microscope. He used this invention to build a radiomicrometer capable of responding to the light of a single candle more than one mile away, and used that device for astronomical observations. In 1895 he published a measurement of the gravitational constant G that improved upon the accuracy achieved by Cavendish. Boys' method relied on the same theory as Cavendish's, but used two masses suspended at one height and two nearby masses suspended at a different height, to minimize the unwanted interaction between opposite masses.

He was a critic of the solar design of Frank Shuman, so Shuman hired him, and together they patented a "Sun-Boiler", which is similar to modern day parabolic trough solar power plants.

In 1897 Boys became a Metropolitan Gas Referee, charged with assessing a fair price for coal gas. He initially worked on the replacement of the standard candle, used to determine the quality of the gas for lighting, by the Harcourt pentane lamp. As heating grew to become the principal use of coal gas, Boys undertook fundamental work on calorimetry to measure and record the heat content of the gas, achieving a substantial increase in precision of measurement. At this time the national gas bill for the United Kingdom was fifty million pounds, so a one-percent correction to the bill represented a very significant amount of money.

Boys also worked on high-speed photography of lightning and bullets in flight, and conducted public lectures on the properties of soap films, which were gathered into the book Soap Bubbles: Their Colours and the Forces Which Mould Them, a classic of scientific popularization. The first edition of Soap Bubbles appeared in 1890 and the second in 1911; it has remained in print to this day. The book deeply impressed French writer Alfred Jarry, who in 1898 wrote the absurdist novel Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician, in which the title character, who was born at the age of 63 and sails in a sieve, is described as a friend of C.V. Boys (see also 'Pataphysics). The book was also a favourite of American poet, Elizabeth Bishop.

He married Marion Amelia Pollock in 1892. She caused a scandal by having an affair with the Cambridge mathematician Andrew Forsyth, as a result of which Forsyth was forced to resign his chair. Boys divorced Marion in 1910 and she later married Forsyth.

He died at St Mary Bourne, Andover in Hampshire on 30 March 1944.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Boys, Rev. H.A.

  • Person
  • fl. 1870-1895

Rev. H. A. Boys, M.A. appears to have been a member of the clergy based in the village of Easton Mauduit Northampton in the Midlands.
Mr. Boys was English Chaplain at Patras, in Greece, from 1870 to 1875. He was also a chaplain in Algiers.
He was involved in tracking rainfall which he contributed to surveys by the British Meteorological Office, and published several articles on flooding and droughts in the area, including "The Drought of 1895" and "The November Floods, 1894" in the Journal of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society & Field Club.

Bradley, George Granville, 1821-1903

(from Wikipedia entry)

George Granville Bradley (11 December 1821 – 13 March 1903) was an English divine, scholar, and schoolteacher, who was Dean of Westminster 1881-1902. He was educated at Rugby under Thomas Arnold, and at University College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow in 1844. He was an assistant master at Rugby from 1846 to 1858, when he succeeded GEL Cotton as Headmaster at Marlborough College in Wiltshire. In 1870, he was elected Master of his old college at Oxford, and in August 1881 he was made Dean of Westminster in succession to AP Stanley. He took part in the coronation of King Edward VII and resigned the deanery in 1902. Bradley was an Acting Chaplain of the 13th Middlesex (Queen´s Westminsters) Volunteer Rifle Corps for 20 years, and received the Volunteer Officers' Decoration (VD) 21 February 1902. Besides his Recollections of A. P. Stanley (1883) and Life of Dean Stanley (1892), he published a revised version of Thomas Kerchever Arnold's Latin Prose Composition ("Bradley's Arnold"); Further works were Lectures on Job (1884) and Ecclesiastes (1885).

Bradley had two sons and five daughters; of these children one son, Arthur Granville Bradley (1850–1943), and four daughters were writers, including Margaret Louisa Woods, Emily Tennyson Bradley (married Alexander Murray Smith), Lady Mabel Birchenough (the wife of Sir Henry Birchenough, public servant and business man) and Rose Marion Bradley.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at:

Bradstreet, David

"David Bradstreet (born London, England) is a Canadian-based musician. He spent his childhood in Oakville, Ontario and began his music career in the late 1960s. He is best known for his song "Renaissance" ("Let’s Dance That Old Dance Once More") - a hit for the Canadian country and folk musician, Valdy. He has been recognized for his work as a singer-songwriter, composer and producer, twenty albums bearing his name; a Juno Award early in his career; three subsequent Juno nominations and music credits including a Gemini nomination."

Brady, Maziere, 1796-1871

  • Person
  • 1796-1871

Sir Maziere Brady, 1st Baronet, was an Irish judge, notable for his exceptionally long tenure as Lord Chancellor of Ireland.

Bragg, Billy

"Stephen William Bragg (born 20 December 1957) is an English singer-songwriter and left-wing activist. His music blends elements of folk music, punk rock and protest songs, with lyrics that mostly span political or romantic themes. His music is heavily centred on bringing about change and involving the younger generation in activist causes."

Branford, Benchara Bertrand Patrick

(from Wikipedia entry)

Benchara Bertrand Patrick Branford (1868-1944) was a principal of the Sunderland Technical College (now the University of Sunderland) and later Divisional Inspector for Mathematics at the London County Council. His father was William Catton Branford (1837–1891), who worked as a veterinary surgeon in Oundle. His siblings included Mary Ann Kitchen (1861–1907), Lionel William Ernest Catton (1866–1947), John Frederick Kitchen (1869–1946), and Victor Verasis (1863-1930), the noted sociologist.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry for Victor Branford at:

Branford, Victor

(from Wikipedia entry)
Victor Branford (1863-1930) was a British sociologist. He was the founder of the Sociological Society and was made an Honorary member of the American Sociological Society, now the American Sociological Association.Victor Verasis Branford was born in Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 25 September 1863.[1] His father was William Catton Branford (1837-1891), who worked as a veterinary surgeon in Oundle. In addition to Victor, William Branford had one daughter and a further three sons: Mary Ann Kitchen (1861-1907), Lionel William Ernest Catton (1866-1947), Benchara Bertrand Patrick (1868-1944), and John Frederick Kitchen (1869-1946). Branford began his schooling at Oundle School, but transferred to Daniel Stewart’s College when the family moved to Edinburgh in 1869 on his father’s appointment as Professor of Anatomy at the veterinary college in that city.

While studying at Edinburgh University, Victor Branford came under the influence of the charismatic Patrick Geddes, who was working as a demonstrator in the science faculty at the University. This contact with Geddes changed the direction of his life and led to his life-long commitment to the development of sociology.

Working as a journalist in Dundee he met Matilda Elizabeth Stewart (1852-1915), widow of James Farquharson Stewart the editor of the “Dundee Advertiser”, and the two were married in 1897. The Branfords lived in Amersham while Victor was working as an accountant in London, but the marriage did not last and Branford secured a divorce under American law in Goldfield, Nevada, in 1910. Branford had already met Sybella Gurney, an activist in the cooperative movement and the Garden Cities movement, and they were married in Philadelphia that same year.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: .

Brantford Historical Society (Ontario)

  • 1908 -

Established on May 8, 1908, the Brant Historical Society is an independent registered charity operating three museums. The purpose is to collect, preserve and share the history and heritage of Brantford/Brant County and Six Nations/New Credit.

Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, baron, 1783-1858

  • Person
  • 1783-1858

Richard Griffin, 3rd Baron Braybrooke, nown as Richard Neville until 1797 and as the Hon. Richard Griffin between 1797 and 1825, was a British Whig politician and literary editor.

Breal, Michel

(from Wikipedia entry)
Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (French: [bʁeal]; 26 March 1832 – 25 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics. After studying at Weissenburg, Metz and Paris, he entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1852. In 1857 he went to Berlin, where he studied Sanskrit under Franz Bopp and Albrecht Weber. On his return to France he obtained an appointment in the department of oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Impériale. In 1864 he became professor of comparative grammar at the Collège de France, in 1875 member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, in 1879 inspecteur général for higher education until the abolition of the office in 1888. In 1890 he was made commander of the Legion of Honour. He died in Paris.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: .

Brealey, Patrick

  • Person

"Shining a modern light on the roots of North American popular music, Patrick Brealey blends elements of folk, country, cabaret and blues, delivering lyrically driven songs with a uniquely powerful voice that harkens the crooners of early rock and roll. An agile vocalist, adept guitar picker and accomplished pianist, Brealey is a natural performer. Originally from Vancouver, he moved to Toronto in 2008, and was welcomed into the city's vibrant country and roots scene. [...]" Mariposa Folk Festival programme, 2009, p. 51

Bridgewater, Francis Henry Egerton, earl, 1756-1829

  • Person
  • 1756-1829

Francis Henry Egerton (1756-1829) was a manuscript collector and a patron of learning. He was educated at Eton College (1766-1773), and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on March 27, 1773. In 1776 Egerton was elected to a fellowship at All Souls College. In 1780 Egerton was appointed prebendary (an honorary canon) of Durham through his father's influence. He was obliged to resign his fellowship in 1782. Egerton spent long periods away from his parishes, both in England and abroad, pursuing a wide range of scholarly interests, and amassing a large collection of manuscripts. He was elected F.R.S. (Fellow of the Royal Society) in 1784 and F.S.A. in 1791, but his writings on classical, historical, and technical subjects, generally published privately, exhibited steadily increasing eccentricity. He also published several biographical and genealogical works. Following his brother's death on October 21, 1823, Egerton succeeded as eighth earl of Bridgewater, Viscount Brackley, and Baron Ellesmere. Egerton died in Paris on February 11, 1829. All his titles became extinct with him.

Briskin, Linda

Since the 1970s, the Canadian union movement has produced extensive documentation on equity-related issues. This material often had an ephemeral existence as unions lacked resources to preserve and provide access to the documents, and there was no labour library to collect it. In order to promote access and to raise consciousness about important union sources, Professor Linda Briskin, a feminist and union activist, began collecting these documents in the 1970s. Professor Briskin received her Bachelor of Arts degree from McGill University in 1970, taught English and history at the secondary school level from 1971 to 1975, and became involved in the nascent English-speaking women's movement in Montreal. She moved to Toronto to pursue graduate studies with York University's Department of Social and Political Thought, leading to a Master's degree in 1977 and a Ph.D. in 1986. Briskin worked as a Teaching Master at Sheridan College from 1976 to 1986, and was the Director of its Centre for Women from 1980 to 1982. Briskin joined York University's Division of Social Science in July 1986, and was appointed to the Faculty of Graduate Studies for the Women's Studies Programme in 1992. She has held a cross-appointment to the School of Women's Studies since 2001, and was a Guest Researcher in Stockholm, Sweden, from 1992-1994. Her teaching has focused on women's studies (in particular feminist theory, women organizing, and women and society), and was recognized with awards in 1998, 1999, and 2004. Briskin has been an active member of unions, taking part in International Women's Day committees, helping to organize the first provincial women's committee for the Ontario Public Service Employees Union in the 1970s, and co-chairing the Status of Women Committee of the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations in 1990-1992. This concern regarding women and unions was also reflected in Briskin's research and writing, which focused on: unions, globalization, and women's power; equity bargaining and bargaining equity; feminist organizing with a focus on socialist feminism; worker militancies; pedagogies and power; and privileging agency (a strategy for women's studies in troubled times). This collection is a product of Briskin's research in these areas. She wrote to the large Canadian unions on an annual basis, requesting any new material that dealt with women and equity-related issues. Briskin compiled her first bibliography on these topics for "Union sisters : women in the labour movement," co-edited with Lynda Yanz (The Women's Press, 1983), and has written or edited several articles and books on equity, collective bargaining, feminism, public policy, women, and unions.

British Canadian Trade Association

The British Canadian Trade Association (formerly Canadian Association of British Manufacturers and Agencies) was a British trade lobby group. Organized in 1951, the Association had offices in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. The organization was made up of approximately four hundred British firms operating in Canada. It sought to promote trade between the two countries, represent the interests of its members to the federal and provincial governments, to publicize the activities and products of its members and to foster good relations between all receiving or offering goods and services in either country. Forced to close its offices in the 1970s, BCTA was re-named British Canadian Trade Associates by 1980.

Broadfoot, Dave, 1925-

  • Person

Dave Broadfoot (1925- ) is a comedian, actor, writer, producer and director born in Vancouver, B.C. on December 5, 1925. Although Broadfoot's parents were staunch evangelistic Protestants, Broadfoot found his religion in the world of comedic performance. Leaving high school in 1943, Broadfoot enlisted in the Merchant Navy where he served until 1947 and attained the status of Marine Engineer while seeing the world, mostly in convoys during World War II. Broadfoot, a member of the Canadian Seamen's Union, recognized that the arrival of the Seafarers' International Union controlled by mobster Hal Banks signaled that it was time to find a new line of work and left the merchant navy to work in the apparel business. At 21 years of age, Broadfoot joined an amateur theatre group called the North Vancouver Community Players and discovered that he had a gift for making people laugh. Resolving to turn a hobby into a career, Broadfoot gained his early experience by joining three amateur theatre companies in the Vancouver area simultaneously, and having decided to concentrate on comedy, he volunteered his services free of charge wherever he could hone his skills in front of a live audience such as at banquets, conventions and club dates. In 1952, Broadfoot made his professional debut in Victoria, British Columbia and shortly thereafter left his steady job to seek fame and fortune in Toronto, arriving the week that television broadcasting in Canada was born. Within weeks of his arrival Broadfoot made his television debut in the variety show "The Big Revue" where he was spotted by Mavor Moore. He also appeared with Wayne & Shuster on their television specials in 1952. From 1954-1964, Moore enlisted Broadfoot as a feature comedian and writer with the satirical stage revue "Spring Thaw." Broadfoot appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show in 1955 but always resisted the call to move to the United States, preferring instead to focus on Canadian humour. He has performed across the country in nightclubs, vacation resorts (in particular the Gateway resort in Muskoka), small theatres, and in various CBC radio and television programmes in Toronto and Montreal over the decades including "Comedy Crackers," "Funny You Should Say That," "Comedy Cafe," and a 15-year stint with the Royal Canadian Air Farce troupe from 1973-1988. Broadfoot has also undertaken tours to entertain Canadian troops in Korea and the Middle East in the 1950s, and exported Canadian humour to London, England in the Canadian review "Clap Hands" in 1962. His popularity with fans has persisted well into the 1990s and into the 21st century with television specials, one-man stage shows, guest appearances, gala presentations for heads of state including Queen Elizabeth and President Ronald Reagan, and appearances at banquets and conventions where his humanitarianism is greatly appreciated.

In 1959 Broadfoot was nominated "comedian of the year" by Canadian television critics. He is also the recipient of a Juno award for comedy recording, and more than a dozen ACTRA awards for writing and performing for radio and television. In 1983 Broadfoot was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada, and has been awarded honorary doctorates by Athabasca University (1988), University of Windsor (2000) and York University (2008). He has received the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal (1977), and the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal (2002). He was awarded the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Canadian comedy in 2003, and has also been made an Honorary Sergeant Major of the RCMP thanks to his recurring character Sergeant Renfrew.

Brodrick, George Charles, 1831-1903

  • Person
  • 1831-1903

The Honourable George Charles Brodrick (5 May 1831 – 8 November 1903) was an Oxford historian and author who became Warden of Merton College, Oxford. He was educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, where he attained a first class degree in classics (1853) and in law and history (1854). He was President of the Oxford Union during 1854–55 and achieved his BA degree in 1854, MA in 1856, and DCL in 1886. Brodrick was elected to be a Fellow of Merton College in 1855 and was called to the bar in 1859. He joined the staff of The Times in 1860. Brodrick wrote a number of books, including: English Land and English Landlords: An Enquiry into the Origin and Characters of the English Land System, with Proposals for its Reform (1881); Essays on Reform (1867); The History of England: From Addington's Administration to the Close of William IV's Reign, 1801–1837 (with John Knight Fotheringham); A History of the University of Oxford (1886).

Brooke, Rupert Ingham

  • Person
  • 14 January 1892-1934

Rupert Ingham Brooke was a poet.
Possibly Joshua Rupert Ingham Brooke, a Royal Garrison Artillery Captain during WWI.
Joshua Rupert Ingham Brooke (1892-1934) born 14 January 1892 in Halifax. Educated in Harrow, Balliol College.
Child of William Ingham Brooke (1862-1923) and Beatrice Harriet Wallich (1859-1943). Married Margaret Hewett (1894-1994) on 13 February 1923. Died in 1934.

Brooke, S.R.

  • Person
  • fl.1884-1889

Mentioned in Victoria Welby's published correspondence as attending Harrow School.

Brooks, Rev. Philips

(from Wikipedia entry)

Phillips Brooks (December 13, 1835 – January 23, 1893) was an American Episcopal clergyman and author, long the Rector of Boston's Trinity Church and briefly Bishop of Massachusetts, and particularly remembered as the lyricist of the Christmas hymn, "O Little Town of Bethlehem".

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: .

Broughton, John Cam Hobhouse, baron, 1786-1869

  • Person
  • 1786-1869

John Cam Hobhouse was a British politician and writer born in 1786. While at Trinity College he became friends with Lord Byron, and accompanied him in his journeys. On his return Hobhouse became a member of The Rota, a dinner club for the promotion of political reforms. In 1819 he contested the parliamentary seat of Westminster. About this time he wrote several political pamphlets, one of which, "A Trifling Mistake," resulted in his imprisonment on December 14, 1819, at Newgate until the dissolution of parliament on February 29, 1820. In 1820, he entered Parliament, sitting for Westminster. Hobhouse is credited with the invention of the phrase His Majesty's (Loyal) Opposition made in 1826 during a speech in the House of Commons. After the Whigs gained power in 1830 he served under Lord Grey as Secretary at War between 1832 and 1833, as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1833 and as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests in 1834. He was later President of the Board of Control under Lord Melbourne between 1835 and 1841 and under Lord John Russell between 1846 and 1852. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1832 and raised to the peerage as Baron Broughton, of Broughton-de-Gyfford in the County of Wiltshire, in 1851. In 1852 he was also made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB). He published Journey through Albania (1813), Historical Illustrations of the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold (1818), and Recollections of a Long Life (1865), for private circulation. In 1909 his daughter, Lady Dorchester, published extracts of his diaries, correspondence, and memoranda under the title of Recollections from a Long Life. Hobhouse died in June 1869. His barony died with him, as he had no male heirs, whilst the baronetcy created for his father passed to Broughton's nephew, Sir Charles Parry Hobhouse.

Brown, George Williams, 1894-1963

George Williams Brown (1894-1963) was a Canadian historian, educator, and editor. Born in Glencoe, Ontario, Brown received his B.A. from Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1915 and a M.A. and PhD from the University of Chicago in 1924. After teaching at the University of Michigan in 1924, he returned to the University of Toronto the following year and remained as a professor in the Department of History until his retirement in 1962, and became Professor Emeritus in 1963. Brown served as editor of the 'Canadian Historical Review' (1930-1946), and the University of Toronto Press (1946-1953). He was the founding general editor of the 'Dictionary of Canadian Biography', remaining in this position until his death in 1963. He also served as honorary editor of the Royal Society of Canada, where he was also elected a fellow in 1945, and as honorary editor on the editorial committee of the Canadian Social Science Research Council.

Brown was also a prolific writer and the author of several books and articles dealing with Canadian history, Canadian-American relations and Canada's role in the world. Among his titles were, 'Readings in Canadian History' (1941), 'Building the Canadian Nation' (1942), and 'Canada' (1950), for which he served as general editor.

Brown, H.H.

  • Person
  • 1870-1951

Hubert Hartfield Brown was an active member of the Ornithological Subsection of the Biological Section of the Canadian Institute who conducted field observations in the Toronto area. In addition to his ornithological observations, Brown collected numerous plant specimens from southern Ontario, depositing them with Royal Ontario Museum.

Browning Society (London)

  • 1881

Browning societies were groups of people who met regularly to discuss the works of Robert Browning. Emerging from various reading groups, the societies were an indication of the poet's fame and, unusually, were actively forming during his lifetime. The earliest Browning Society, and the longest continuing, was formally constituted in 1877 by Hiram Corson at Cornell University. The Boston Browning Society followed in 1885, which would become the largest and most influential, and by 1900 there were hundreds of such groups across the United States, Canada and Britain. The most notable Browning Society was that established in London, in 1881, by Frederick James Furnivall and Emily Hickey. Meeting monthly at University College London, the society extended Browning's readership by publishing aids to the study of his works, cheaply produced editions of his work, and encouraging amateur productions of his plays.

Bruckmann, John Joseph Frederick

  • Person

John Bruckmann was the one of the first faculty members of York University. Appointed in 1961 as lecturer in the Department of History, his field of specialization was Medieval European History. In addition, Bruckmann taught in the Humanities Division, in the graduate programs in Social and Political Thought and in Interdisciplinary Studies, as well as teaching part-time at the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of Toronto. Bruckmann served on several University committees, on the Senate and Faculty Council and as the Marshall at Glendon College Convocations.

Bryant, Sophie

(From Wikipedia entry)
Sophie Willock Bryant (15 February 1850, Sandymount, Dublin – 29 August 1922, Chamonix, France) was an Anglo-Irish mathematician, educator, feminist and activist.

She was the daughter of Revd Dr William Willock DD, Fellow and Tutor of Trinity College, Dublin and was educated at home, largely by her father. As a teenager she moved to London, when her father was appointed Professor of Geometry at the University of London in 1863, and she attended Bedford College. At the age of nineteen she married Dr William Hicks Bryant, a surgeon ten years older than she was, who died of cirrhosis within a year.[1][2]

In 1875 she became a teacher and was invited by Frances Mary Buss to join the staff of North London Collegiate School. In 1885 she succeeded Miss Buss as headmistress of North London Collegiate, serving until 1918.[1][2]

When the University of London opened its degree courses to women in 1878, she became one of the first women to obtain First Class Honours, in Mental and Moral Sciences, together with a degree in mathematics in 1881, and three years later was awarded the degree of Doctor of Science. In 1882 she was the third woman to be elected to the London Mathematical Society, and was the first active female member, publishing her first paper with the Society in 1884.

Sophie Bryant was a pioneer in education for women. She was the first woman to receive a DSc in England; one of the first three women to be appointed to a Royal Commission, the Bryce commission on Secondary Education in 1894–1895; and one of the first three women to be appointed to the Senate of the University of London. When Trinity College Dublin opened its degrees to women, Bryant was one of the first to be awarded an honorary doctorate. She was also instrumental in setting up the Cambridge Training College for Women, now Hughes Hall, Cambridge. She is also said to have been one of the first women to own a bicycle.

She was interested in Irish politics, wrote books on Irish History and ancient Irish law, and was an ardent Protestant Irish nationalist. She supported women's suffrage but advocated postponement until women were better educated.

She enjoyed mountain climbing and climbed the Matterhorn twice. She died in a hiking accident in the Alps in 1922.

For more information see Wikipedia entry: .

Brydges, Sir Egerton, 1762-1837

  • Person
  • 1762-1837

Sir Samuel Egerton Brydges, 1st Baronet (30 November 1762 – 8 September 1837) was an English bibliographer and genealogist. He was also Member of Parliament for Maidstone from 1812 to 1818. Brydges was educated at Maidstone Grammar School and The King's School, Canterbury, and was admitted to Queens' College, Cambridge in 1780, though he did not take a degree. He was called to the bar from the Middle Temple in 1787. He wrote some novels and poems, now forgotten, but rendered valuable service by his bibliographical publications, Censura Literaria, Titles and Opinions of Old English Books (10 vols. 1805-1809), his editions of Edward Phillips's Theatrum Poetarum Anglicanorum (1800) Arthur Collins's Peerage of England (1812), and of many rare Elizabethan authors. He was a founder member of the Roxburghe Club, the publishing club of wealthy bibliophiles. Brydges was made a baronet in 1814. He died at Geneva in 1818.

Buchan, John

(from Wikipedia entry)

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir PC GCMG GCVO CH (26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation.

After a brief legal career Buchan simultaneously began both his writing career and his political and diplomatic career, serving as a private secretary to the colonial administrator of various colonies in Southern Africa. He eventually wrote propaganda for the British war effort in the First World War. Once he was back in civilian life Buchan was elected Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities, but he spent most of his time on his writing career, notably writing The Thirty-Nine Steps and other adventure fiction.

In 1935 he was appointed Governor General of Canada by King George V, on the recommendation of Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bennett, to replace the Earl of Bessborough. He occupied the post until his death in 1940. Buchan proved to be enthusiastic about literacy, as well as the evolution of Canadian culture, and he received a state funeral in Canada before his ashes were returned to the United Kingdom.

For more detail see wikipedia entry at:

Buchbinder, H. (Howard)

  • Person

Howard H. Buchbinder, educator and author, was a professor in the Social Science Department at Atkinson College, York University from 1972 to 1996. A veteran of WWII, he received his degree in Political Science from the University of Missouri in 1949 and his M.S.W., Social Work from the University of Kansas in 1960, after which he worked in community organizations and taught at St. Louis University in St.Louis, Missouri. At York University, Buchbinder also taught for the Faculty of Environmental Studies and was instrumental in the graduate programme in Social Work, resulting in his appointment to the Faculty of Graduate Studies. He was also very active on York University committees and associations, chairing the York University Faculty Association (YUFA) and the Department of Social Science in particular. In addition, he was a founding member of Praxis Corporation, a non-profit research organization established in Toronto in 1968 to develop social theory and generate social change. Buchbinder authored many articles about universities and the role of funding and politics. His books include: 'The University Means Business' (with J.Newson), (1988); and 'Who's On Top? The Politics of Heterosexuality' (with V. Burstyn, D. Forbes, M. Steedman), (1987). Buchbinder passed away in Toronto on 8 January 2004 at 77 years of age.

Buck, Tim (Timothy), 1891-1973

  • Person

Tim Buck (1891-1973), politician and labourer, was born in England and emigrated to Canada in 1910. Employed as a machinist he soon became involved in radical trade union activity and claimed to be a founder of the Communist Party of Canada. In 1930 he became general secretary of the party, a post he held until 1962. Buck was the author of many books, pamphlets and articles for the press in Canada and internationally including 'Canada, the Communist viewpoint,' 'Thirty years,' and 'Yours in the struggle,' a memoir of his years in the Communist world struggle.

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