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- Corporate body
Abbott-Ferguson Productions Ltd. was established in the late 1970s by Roger Abbott and Don Ferguson, two of the principals of the Royal Canadian Air Farce comedy troupe. Together they acquired a 55% stake in Air Farce Productions Inc. which had been incorporated in 1978 to formally establish the ownership and management of the creative work of the group. During the 1990s Abbott-Ferguson Productions subsequently bought out the shares from other troupe members and co-owners Dave Broadfoot, Luba Goy, and John Morgan, becoming the sole owner of Royal Canadian Air Farce and its creative properties. After the death of Roger Abbott in 2011, Don Ferguson became the sole owner of Abbott-Ferguson Productions, and by extension, of Air Farce. Abbott-Ferguson Productions Ltd. remains active as of 2020. Until 2008, the primary focus of Abbott-Ferguson Productions was on the development, production, and delivery of Royal Canadian Air Farce radio and television programmes, as well as national concert tours; live stage productions; books; and home audio and video releases. The roots of Royal Canadian Air Farce exist in the improvisational theatre revue The Jest Society. Established in Montreal in 1970, The Jest Society took its name from then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's goal of making Canada a "just society." The original cast included co-founders John Morgan and Martin Bronstein, as well as Patrick Conlon, Gay Claitman, and Roger Abbott. Don Ferguson joined the group when it moved to Toronto in the fall of 1970. Patrick Conlon and Gay Claitman chose not to move and remained in Montreal. Luba Goy joined in January 1971. Favourable reviews caught the attention of CBC Radio, which engaged the group to perform on its weekly variety show The Entertainers. The group renamed itself Royal Canadian Air Farce in 1973 with the performing ensemble comprised of Roger Abbott, Luba Goy, John Morgan, Dave Broadfoot, and Martin Bronstein; Don Ferguson was one of the show writers. In 1974, Bronstein stepped away from performing to concentrate on writing and other interests, and Ferguson became a writer-performer. In 1977, Gord Holtan and Rick Olsen joined the group as apprentice writers. The Royal Canadian Air Farce radio shows were broadcast on CBC Radio from 1973-1997. This longevity marks their success in attracting and keeping a strong national audience with their satirical sketches skewering the cultural and political events of the day. Taped in front of a live audience, the shows were first recorded at the Curtain Club in Richmond Hill, Ontario, and then subsequently at the CBC's Cabbagetown Studios on Parliament Street in downtown Toronto. From 1984-1992, the troupe began touring across the country to record their weekly broadcasts, tailoring sketches to the local audience. Attempts at television during this time were unsuccessful as the medium was unable to accommodate the troupe's need for its topical content to be broadcast as soon as possible after recording. A one hour television special was broadcast on CBC in 1980, leading to a ten week series that was aborted by a CBC strike, and two subsequent specials on the network. In 1984, a live Toronto stage show was recorded and subsequently broadcast on Global television. A critical development occurred in 1991-92 when CBC consolidated its Toronto operations in downtown Toronto. The new Canadian Broadcasting Centre housed an extensive collection of costumes, a large wardrobe department, hair and make-up departments, and contained full carpentry and paint shops. The quick turnaround from script to broadcast enabled by this development led to 1992: Year of the Farce, which was televised as a satirical New Year's Eve special to such great ratings success that the troupe was able to begin its long run as CBC Television's highest rated weekly television series. The series ran from October 1993 until the end of December 2008. The radio and television programs ran concurrently until May 1997 when the radio show was discontinued in order to focus completely on television. Making the transition to the television series as performers were Roger Abbott, Don Ferguson, Luba Goy, and John Morgan. Dave Broadfoot retired from the cast in 1989 to pursue a solo career but, as a respected colleague and mentor, he made regular special guest appearances on the television series for many years including the final regular broadcast in 2008; Broadfoot passed away in 2016. Morgan retired from Air Farce in 2001, and the regular troupe was joined by many guest stars, some of whom subsequently became regulars. New cast members included Jessica Holmes, Alan Park, Craig Lauzon, and Penelope Corrin. The fifteenth season of the series was aired live under a new name, Air Farce Live, in 2007-2008. The final half-season ran from October until December 2008, and returned to the previous production schedule, which saw the show recorded in front of a live audience on Thursday evenings for broadcast on Friday. From 2009 until 2019 Air Farce reunited to perform its very highly rated New Year's Eve special broadcasts with a mix of performers. John Morgan passed away in 2004, and Roger Abbott remained with the troupe until his death in 2011. Long-time show writers Gord Holtam and Rick Olsen retired at the end of the 2008 season. Over the years Air Farce and its cast were recognized with many awards including the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement (Broadcasting) in 1998; a star on Canada's Walk of Fame in 2000; a Juno Award for Comedy Album of the Year in 1979; and the Earle Grey Award for lifetime achievement in Canadian television in 2000 as well as twice winning the viewer-voted People's Choice Award for favourite television program. The cast were the first Canadians inducted into the International Humour Hall of Fame in 1992, and were inducted into the Canadian Comedy Hall of Fame in 2001. In addition, cast members have been the recipients of multiple ACTRA awards. Other television projects produced by Abbott-Ferguson Productions include: three solo television specials performed by Air Farce mentor Dave Broadfoot; SketchCom, a series developed to showcase promising new comedians and comedy troupes; and XPM, a two-episode sitcom about a former Prime Minister starring Don Ferguson, Dave Broadfoot, Kathy Greenwood, and Jessica Holmes. In addition, Abbott-Ferguson Productions has been involved in developing and producing various comedy-related projects such as CBC Radio's comedy archive show, Comedy Classics, and other programs.
(from Wikipedia entry)
Carl Abel (25 November 1837 – 26 November 1906) was a German comparative philologist from Berlin who wrote Linguistic Essays in 1880. Abel also acted as Ilchester lecturer on comparative lexicography at the University of Oxford and as the Berlin correspondent of the Times and the Standard. His 400-page dictionary of Egyptian-Semitic-Indo-European roots appeared in 1884. His essay "On the antithetical meanings of primal words" (Ueber die Gegensinn der Urwoerte) was discussed by Sigmund Freud in an identically titled piece, which, in turn, was discussed by Jacques Derrida as a precursor to deconstruction's semantic insights.
He was a son of a successful banker Gerson Abel. Of Jewish descent, he converted to Christianity.
Abel died in Wiesbaden. His son Curt Abel-Musgrave (1860-?) was a writer and translator. His grandson was noted economist Richard Musgrave.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Abel .
L'Académie française, also called the French Academy, is the distinguished French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister to King Louis XIII. Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution, it was restored in 1803 by Napoleon Bonaparte. It is the oldest of the five académies of the Institut de France.
An African-American dancer and international ballet teacher who was one of the founders of the American Dance Legacy Initiative and the Harlem Dance Foundation. she studied at the Matha Graham Dance School and danced with the Paul Taylor Dance Company
Ellen C. Adams (1925-1982), was born in Germany and emigrated to Canada in 1948. Her original name was Cammnitzer, which she changed during an election campaign in 1963. Adams was a member of the administrative staff of the Canadian Co-operative Federation and later served for twenty years as assistant to Ontario New Democratic Party leaders Donald MacDonald and Stephen Lewis. She was twice unsuccessful in provincial elections (1963, 1973) running under the NDP banner. Adams was also influential in Toronto municipal politics as a leader in the Stop Spadina (Expressway) movement, executive of the Avenue-Bay Cottingham Ratepayers Association, and as a founding executive member of the Confederation of Residents and Ratepayers Associations. In 1975 Adams took up a position in the Institutional Branch of the Ontario Ombudsmans Office.
- 1819-06-05 - 1892-01-21
(from Wikipedia entry)
John Couch Adams FRS (5 June 1819 – 21 January 1892) was a British mathematician and astronomer. Adams was born in Laneast, near Launceston, Cornwall, and died in Cambridge. The Cornish name Couch is pronounced "cooch".
His most famous achievement was predicting the existence and position of Neptune, using only mathematics. The calculations were made to explain discrepancies with Uranus's orbit and the laws of Kepler and Newton. At the same time, but unknown to each other, the same calculations were made by Urbain Le Verrier. Le Verrier would assist Berlin Observatory astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle in locating the planet on 23 September 1846, which was found within 1° of its predicted location, a point in Aquarius. (There was, and to some extent still is, some controversy over the apportionment of credit for the discovery; see Discovery of Neptune.)
He was Lowndean Professor at the University of Cambridge for thirty-three years from 1859 to his death. He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1866. In 1884, he attended the International Meridian Conference as a delegate for Britain.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Couch_Adams .
- 1830-07-30 - 1921-01-05
(from Wikipedia entry)
Henrietta Blanche Stanley (30 July 1830-5 January 1921) was second daughter of Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley, and Henrietta Stanley, Baroness Stanley of Alderley. Married David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie 23 September 1851. They had two sons and four daughters: Lady Henrietta Blanche Ogilvy (1852-1925), Lady Clemintina Gertrude Helen Ogilvy (1854-1932), Lt. Col. David Stanley William Ogilvy, 6th Earl of Airlie (1856-1900), Lady Maude Josepha Ogilvy (1859-1933), Hon. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley Ogilvy (1861-1947) and Lady Griselda Johanna Helen Ogilvy (1856-1934).
She died 5 January 1920.
Fore more information see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Ogilvy,_10th_Earl_of_Airlie .
William Hay Macdowall Hunter Aitken was born on September 21, 1841. His parents were Robert Aitken and Wilhelmina Day Macdowall (Grant) Aitken. His father was a minister of Zion Chapel of Liverpool.
In 1871, Aitken became the Vicar of Christ Church of Liverpool and remained there for five years.
He was also known as Canon Hay Aitken.
Edgar Tilden Alberts (1905- ), businessman, was president of the Toronto Flying Club in the 1950s and sat on the Organizing Committee and later the Provisional Board of Governors of York University (1957-1959). Alberts was invited to Moscow in 1955 and 1956 to view the Soviet air show and in 1958 he was part of a business delegation that travelled to Moscow to investigate Canadian business opportunities there. He organized a second trip to Moscow in 1964 that was attended by representatives of several major Canadian companies.
- 1859-01-06 - 1938-09-13
(from Wikipedia entry)
Samuel Alexander OM (6 January 1859, Sydney – 13 September 1938, Manchester) was an Australian-born British philosopher. He was the first Jewish fellow of an Oxbridge college. Professor of Philosophy at University of Manchester. Author of "Moral Order" and "Progress, Space Time and Deity".
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Alex.
Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet, historian and lawyer, was born on December 29, 1792. He attended the University of Edinburgh in 1805, studied law from 1810, and was called to the bar on December 8, 1814. He then travelled and collected original sources later used in his historical work. In 1822 the tory lord advocate, Sir William Rae, made Alison an advocate-depute, most junior of the Scottish law officers. In 1830 the whigs took office and dismissed all appointees of the previous government. With his income vanished he turned to writing, notably in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, to which during two decades he contributed at least fifty articles. They ranged over high tory themes, with emphasis on an anti-Malthusian view of population, on the doctrines of the banking school and, the French Revolution. Alison made his name with a series of thirteen articles in Blackwood's, from January 1831 to January 1832 which, inevitably, linked parliamentary reform with the French revolution of 1830. He elaborated these sombre theses in the ten volumes of his History of Europe during the French Revolution (1833–42). Alison contrived to become, in this golden age of whig historiography, influential in the cause of the opposing ideology. Meanwhile, in spite of this literary production, Alison had resumed a public career. He did so not in national politics, but at a local level in the west of Scotland accepting the post of sheriff of Lanarkshire. In February 1835 he moved to Glasgow and took up residence at Possil House. In 1837 recession brought a wave of strikes around Glasgow, above all among weavers. When a strike-breaker was murdered, Alison arrested the whole leadership of the weavers' union and had them successfully tried in January 1838. He drew sweeping conclusions in an article entitled ‘The practical working of trades unions’ (Blackwood, 43, 1838). By his actions in 1837-8 Alison all but succeeded in strangling the Scottish unions at birth, and they never really recovered until the end of the century. Alison took a close interest in the American Civil War, as a defender of slavery and partisan of the Confederacy despite his humanitarian instincts. He died on May 23, 1867.
- 1836-07-20 - 1925-02-22
Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (20 July 1836 – 22 February 1925) was an English physician and inventor of the clinical thermometer.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Clifford_Allbutt .
Archibald Alexander Alleyne was born in Toronto 7 January 1933. He taught himself how to play the drums and began his music career in 1953. Between 1955 and 1966 he worked as the house drummer at the club Town Tavern, in Toronto, where he accompanied some of the most successful jazz musicians of the 20th century. Following a 1967 car accident, Alleyne suspended his music career and became a restaurateur (The Underground Railroad Soul Food). He resumed his career in 1982, when he established a quartet with Frank Wright (vibraphone) Connie Maynard (piano) and Bill Best (bass). In 1988-1989, he toured with Oliver Jones, travelled to Cuba, Ireland, Spain, Egypt, the Ivory Coast and Nigeria, appearing in the NFB's Oliver Jones in Africa (1989).
In 2001, Alleyne created the Evolution of Jazz Ensemble (EOJ) which provided performance opportunities and mentorship to post-secondary African-Canadian musicians. He also established the Archie Alleyne Scholarship Fund in 2003 to provide bursaries to music students.
In 2000, Archie Alleyne and Doug Richardson created the hard-bop jazz band, Kollage. Kollage’s original lineup included Jeff King (saxophone), Chris Butcher (trombone), Alex Brown (trumpet), Stacie McGregor (piano), Artie Roth (bass) and Archie Alleyne (drums). Kollage disbanded in 2014. In 2015, the band was reestablished with Archie Alleyne Scholarship recipient and Evolution of Jazz Ensemble member, Isaiah Gibbons, as the percussionist.
Since 2011, Alleyne organized a series of live performances promoting Black entertainment history, known as the Syncopation Series. The program also included an accompanying photograph exhibit titled, Syncopation: Black Stories, which showcased the biographies of black artists in Canadian music history.
He was named to the Order of Canada in 2011 and received the Black Business and Professional Association's Harry Jerome Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2015.
Alleyne completed writing his memoir, Colour Me Jazz: The Archie Alleyne Story, in 2005. The final book, which was co-authored by Sheldon Taylor, was released in 2015.
- Corporate body
The Alliance of Canadian Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA) negotiates and administers collective agreements and sets minimum rates and basic conditions governing the English-language radio, television and film industry. ACTRA is composed of three guilds, and had its genesis in the Association of Radio Artists (1943), assuming the name Association of Canadian Television and Radio Artists in 1961. In 1984 ACTRA was reorganized and the first word in the title altered to 'Alliance'. The ACTRA Awards were first given in 1970 honouring Canadian writers, broadcast journalists and performers.
- 1829-02-20 - 1884-08-25
(from Wikipedia entry)
Odo William Leopold Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill GCB, GCMG, PC (20 February 1829 – 25 August 1884), styled Lord Odo Russell between 1872 and 1881, was a British diplomat and the first British Ambassador to the German Empire. Russell was born in Florence, Tuscany, into the Russell family, one of England's leading Whig aristocratic families. His father was Major-General Lord George Russell, second son of the 6th Duke of Bedford. His mother was Elizabeth Anne Rawdon, daughter of the Honourable John Theophilus Rawdon and niece of the 1st Marquess of Hastings. His uncle was the 1st Earl Russell, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. His education, like that of his two brothers, Francis, who became eventually 9th Duke of Bedford, and Lord Arthur, was carried on entirely at home, under the general direction of his mother. In March 1849 Russell was appointed by Lord Malmesbury as attaché at Vienna. From 1850 to 1852 he was temporarily employed in the foreign office, whence he passed to Paris. He remained there, however, only about two months, when he was transferred to Vienna. In 1853 he became second paid attaché at Paris, and in August 1854 he was transferred as first paid attaché to Constantinople, where he served under Lord Stratford de Redcliffe. He had charge of the embassy during his chief's two visits to the Crimea in 1855, but left the East to work under Lord Napier at Washington in 1857. In the following year he became secretary of legation at Florence, but was detached from that place to reside in Rome, where he remained for twelve years, until August 1870. During all that period he was the real though unofficial representative of Britain at the Vatican. Lord Ampthill married Lady Emily Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, on 5 May 1868. They had six children.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at:
Edwin Miller (Ted) Aplin was born on 1 April 1909 at Teignmouth, Devon, England and died on 2 June 1973 in Scarborough, Ontario. He immigrated to Canada in 1930 where he met his future wife Elinor Grave Leef. They married on 4 July 1931. They had four children: Nick, Frank, Dave and Jacqueline born in 1933, 1935, 1939 and 1945, respectively. Aplin worked in numerous jobs including positions in banks, an insurance company, a stock brokerage and in sales. He was active in the years before the Second World War in the League for Social Reconstruction, the Canadian Civil Liberties Union and the Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy, and was a member of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation.
On 1 May 1942 he enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force and was stationed in Toronto, Camp Borden, Trenton and Belleville. In December 1944, he left Canada for England and, after the Nazi surrender, was stationed at Celle, Germany as part of Royal Air Force 84 Group Disarmament HQ Unit which was responsible for ensuring that the Luftwaffe was incapacitated in northwest Germany. Being stationed near the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Aplin became interested in the welfare of the camp victims, many of whom were interned at Bergen-Belsen long after its liberation. To aid the survivors, he organized a system using the Armed Forces Postal System to put internees in contact with their families and friends, and collected goods from Canadian families for distribution at the camp. His work at Bergen-Belsen led many survivors to refer to him as "The Angel of Belsen".
Following his return to Canada, Aplin continued to work in sales and operated several small businesses including Ted Aplin and Company. He became involved in the Scarborough community and was active in a number of local associations. He served as a Scarborough school trustee in 1946 and ran for reeve, unsuccessfully, in 1950. He worked passionately for peace upon his return to Canada up until the time of his death in 1973.
His life and work has continued to be commemorated by his sons Nick and Frank who have collected documentation on his military service including testimonies and reminiscences from colleagues and survivors of Bergen-Belsen. They were both actively involved in the commemorative ceremony for the 50th Anniversary of its liberation in 1995.
Louis Applebaum (1918-2000) was a composer, conductor, and arts administrator. He was born and educated in Toronto, except for one year studying in New York with Roy Harris and Bernard Wagenaar. His career in film began in 1940, composing scores for the National Film Board of Canada, later becoming its Music Director. His over 200 film scores included productions in Canada, Hollywood, England and New York and were awarded many honours such as an Academy Award nomination (The Story of G.I. Joe, 1945), Canadian Film Award, Genie and Gemini. Applebaum was the first Music Director of the Stratford Festival and composed scores for over 70 of its plays. He founded and operated its Music and Film Festivals and conducted operas at Stratford and on tour. His fanfares have introduced every Festival theatre performance since opening night in 1953. Scores for radio, TV series and specials, numbering in the hundreds, have been heard on the CBC, CTV, BBC, CBS, NBC, and United Nations radio. His concert works in all genres have been widely performed throughout the world and include large works for symphony, ballet and the music stage. His commissions for ceremonial occasions include the inauguration of three Governors-General, the opening of Expo 67 in Montreal and visits by the Queen. His last opera, Erewhon, with a libretto by Mavor Moore was premiered by Pacific Opera Victoria in 2000. Applebaum was a consultant to many artistic institutions: the National Arts Centre (1964-1967) where he was instrumental in the creation of the NAC Orchestra, the Canada Council (1957-1999), and the Universities of Ottawa, Windsor and York. He helped found the Canadian League of Composers, the Canadian Music Centre, the Canadian Conference of the Arts, the Canadian Guild of Film Composers and was closely associated with the Banff Centre, the Canadian Music Council and the Laidlaw Foundation as Chair of its Arts Panel. Applebaum was one of the founders of C-Channel (a TV arts channel) and Group Four Productions (a film production company) and for many years taught at York University. In 1971, he became Executive Director of the Ontario Arts Council, resigning in 1979 to become Chairman of the Federal Cultural Policy Review Committee which submitted its Report to the Canadian Government in the Fall of 1982. He was president of CAPAC, the performing rights society in 1988 and subsequently chaired a committee leading to the creation of SOCAN (the Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada) and became its first president (1990). He would later serve as President of the SOCAN foundation. In recognition of his contributions to the arts in Canada, Applebaum was bestowed with many honours including Officer and Companion, Order of Canada (1976, 1995), Order of Ontario (1989), Centennial Medal (1967), Honourary LLD, York University (1979), and Arts Toronto Lifetime Achievement Award (1998).
Dee G. Appley (1922-2000) She served the University from 1967 until her retirement in 1980. She was director of York University's psychological services department, in Toronto, Canada, from 1963 to 1967 and directed training at the University's Counseling Center from 1967 to 1969. She also worked at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Connecticut College for Women, Smith College, and the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va. She received master's and doctoral degrees from the University of Michigan, having done undergraduate work at the City College of New York and the University of Denver. Her academic interests included the changing attitudes of women and men toward work and marriage and collaborative models of human organization. She was an associate editor of the Journal of Applied Behavioral Science and of the Journal of the Canadian Association of Student Personnel Services, and she co-authored a book on T-groups and therapy groups. She served on the board of directors of the Interamerican Society of Psychologists and was president of the Canadian University Counseling Association. A member of the International Council of Psychologists and Sigma Xi, she was also a Danforth Associate. Her many civic roles along Route 2 included serving as a director of the Franklin Medical Center, Greenfield's All Souls Church, the Academy at Charlemont and the Arms Library in Shelburne Falls. She chaired the Shelburne Housing Authority, was president of (Franklin) County Visiting Nurse and Health Services, served on the advisory committee of the Area Council on Aging, and helped found the Greenfield Community Meals Plan. She had just completed a term as secretary of the Retired Faculty Association. As a photographer and artist, she showed her work in several area exhibitions. She also acted in and directed amateur theater productions.
Gerald A. Archambeau is a Canadian citizen (b.1933) who emigrated from Jamaica to Montreal in 1947. He was the first black adolescent to join the Canadian Naval Cadets in Montreal in 1948, and the first black telegraph messenger to work for the Angelo American Telegraph Company. Archambeau worked as a passenger car attendant for the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway in the 1950s. From 1967 to his retirement in 1993, Archambeau worked worked as a station attendant for Air Canada at the Malton (now Pearson International) airport. In 2004 Archambeau published his autobiography: "A Struggle To Walk With Dignity: The story of a Jamaican-born Canadian."
Archambeau's grandfather was a police inspector, naturalist, lecturer and explorer in Jamaica, Herbert T. Thomas.
His first wife was Gertrude Thomas. They had five sons and one daughter. The couple lost four of their sons during WWI. Archambeau's grandmother, Leonora Thomas, was Herbert T. Thomas' second wife. She was a seamstress and owned a local bakery. The couple had four daughters.
Archambeau's mother Phyllis A. Thomas, was a nurse. Phyllis had three sisters:Dorothy M. Thomas (also known as Dorothy Coot) was a legal secretary and the first female underwriter at New York Life Insurance Company; Beatrice V. Thomas was a cost accountant for a rum company based in Jamaica; Kathleen M. Thomas was also a legal secretary.
Additional biographical information can be found online through a Historica Canada recording of Archambeau speaking about his childhood in Jamaica. See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZDurN3G4Gk&feature=youtu.be.
- 1823-04-30 - 1900-04-24
(from Wikipedia entry)
George John Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, KG, KT, PC, FRS, FRSE (30 April 1823 – 24 April 1900), styled Marquess of Lorne until 1847, was a Scottish peer and Liberal politician as well as a writer on science, religion, and the politics of the 19th century.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Campbell,_8th_Duke_of_Argyll .
Hilary Armstrong was born in northern England, and left school at 16 to take on secretarial work to help support her family. She became active in the Labour Party youth in Britain, in particular the ban-the-bomb movement of the 1960s. Emigrating to Canada in 1967, she joined the New Democratic Party (NDP) where she became very active in her local riding association, and in federal and provincial election campaigns. Armstrong subsequently joined the Waffle movement because of its stance on Canadian independence, and served as an organizer behind the scenes. She ceased her political activities in 1973 when she began her career with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), first as a story editor. By the time of her retirement in 2006, she had worked as producer/director and senior editor in a variety of news, current affairs and documentary programs. She was awarded three Gemini Awards for her work.
- 1810-11-26 - 1900-12-27
(from Wikipedia entry)
William George Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong, CB, FRS (26 November 1810 – 27 December 1900) was an effective Tyneside industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing empire. Married to Margaret Ramshaw. Author of "Electric Movement in Air and Water."
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Armstrong,_1st_Baron_Armstrong .
- 1822-12-24 - 1888-04-15
(from Wikipedia entry)
Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was a British poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. He was the son of Thomas Arnold, the famed headmaster of Rugby School, and brother to both Tom Arnold, literary professor, and William Delafield Arnold, novelist and colonial administrator. Matthew Arnold has been characterized as a sage writer, a type of writer who chastises and instructs the reader on contemporary social issues.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_Arnold .
- 1832-06-10 - 1904-03-24
(from Wikipedia entry)
Sir Edwin Arnold KCIE CSI (10 June 1832 – 24 March 1904) was an English poet and journalist, who is most known for his work, The Light of Asia.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Arnold .
- 3 December 1936-8 November 2007
John Francis Oscar Arpin (3 December 1936 - 8 November 2007) was a jazz performer, composer, music producer, teacher and collector of historical sheet music.
Born Port McNicoll, Ontario to Marie Emelda (Melda) Bertrant and Elie Regis Arpin, he began taking lessons at the age of four and was composing his own music by the age of seven. During his childhood, Arpin competed in the Midland Music Festival as well as local community concerts and events. In 1950 he purchased his first opera score, the piano version for Puccini’s Tosca for five dollars, which was the genesis of his immense and wide-ranging music collection. He completed his solo performer’s degree (ARCT) and graduated from the Royal Conservatory of Music at the age of 16 in 1955. He pursued a degree at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Music while living at St. Michael’s Cathedral School and teaching theory, harmony, counterpoint and form.
In 1958 Arpin made a 45-rpm recording for Topping Records. Arpin auditioned in 1959 for the Leo Ramanelli Orchestra, which performed at the King Edward Hotel. He performed there for three years. He became a regular performer at Toronto’s nightclubs during the 1960s, including The Park Plaza Hotel, The Waldorf, Sutton Place’s Stop 33, The Ports of Call, The Hyatt Regency, Mr. Tony’s Place, The Prince Hotel and others. Arpin began receiving work on CBC television shows in 1960 and he would become the music director on several shows, including the King Ganam Show and River Inn, a Diamond Lil act with Vanda King at the Skyline Hotel.
Encouraged by Bob Darch, Arpin became absorbed by the history and performance of ragtime. This obsession with the jazz form led to Arpin collecting historical sheet music from the early twentieth century, although he also collected sheet music for orchestral, opera, popular music and other jazz forms.
Arpin was partner of recording label Arpeggio Records, along with Gerry Buck, which they founded in 1964. He managed and produced the work of several performers and groups including albums by The Hickorys, Jim and Don Haggart, Donna Ramsay, The Allan Sisters, Toby Lark, Lynne Jones and others.
A prolific performer and recording artist, particularly of ragtime, Arpin released numerous studio and live albums, including: Recordings include: Concert in Ragtime (1965); The Other Side of Ragtime ( 1966),
Harmony (1969 with Bill Turner, Jack Zaza, Mickey Shannon), Jazzology (1970), (Barroom to Baroque: The Piano of John Arpin (1971), Love and Maple Syrup: The Piano of John Arpin Plays Gordon Lightfoot (1972), a recording with Paul Fortier and Dean Macdonald for CBC in 1973, John Arpin, Jazz Solo Piano (1975), John Arpin - Direct to Disc (1975), I Write the Songs (1977), a single Do It Standing Up/ As Time Goes By (1983), John Arpin Plays His Anne Murray Favourites (1985), John Arpin: Music from the Movies (1985), Rags to Riches (with Catherine Wilson, 1986), Somebody Loves Me: Romantic Gershwin for Piano (1986, re-released in 1991 and 1995 under different titles), Ragtime Beatles (1986), From Kern to Sondheim: Great American Theatre Songs (1987), John Arpin Plays Joe Lamb (1987), Glad Rags and Sad Rags (1987) Creole Rags Played by John Arpin - New Orleans Music The Day Before Jazz (1987), Scott Joplin: Greatest Hits (1988), You Keep Coming Back Like a Song: A Salute to Irving Berlin (1988), Lullabies (1988 with Maureen Forrester), Meet Me in St. Louis: America’s Favourite Turn-of-the-Century Song Hits (1989 with Maureen Forrester, Glyn Evans and the Fanfare Palm Court Ensemble), Forgotten Dreams Volume 1 (1989 for Toronto Alzheimer’s Society), Kings of Ragtime: Ragtime Piano’s Greatest Hits (1989), Cakewalk: The Virtuoso Piano Music of Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1989), Broadway Baroque: Baroque Improvisations of Broadway Masterpieces (1989), Bach Meets Rodgers and Hammerstein: Variations in the Style of J.S. Bach (1990), Wishing Upon a Star and Other Childhood Favourites (1990), Champaign Rags: The Classic Rags of Joseph Lamb (1990), Scott Joplin: King of Ragtime (1990), Forgotten Dreams Vol. II (1991 for Toronto Alzheimer’s Society), Scott Joplin Classic Rags (1992), Best of the Honky-Tonk Piano (1992), Jalousie: The John Arpin Palm Court Trio (1992), Someone to Watch Over Me (1992), The French Connection (1992), Spirituals, 200 Yeas of African-American Spirituals (1993 with William Warfield), My Romance (1994), , The Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber (1994), Christmas with John Arpin (1994), A Time for Love: The Artistry of John Arpin (1994), Ragtime Rarities: Scott Joplin (1995), Fourth International “Unicom” Boehm Ragtime and Jazz Meeting ‘95 (1995), My Favourite Requests (1996), The Complete Piano Music of Scott Joplin (a four-CD set in 1996), Arpin at the Opera (1996), Joplin- The Greatest Hits (1997 - re-released in 2004 under different title), Romance at the Movies 1998),
Ragtime on Broadway (1997), Blue Gardenia: The Latin American Music of Hal Isbitz (1998), Greates Hits of Al Jolson 1998), Hits of the ‘50s Unchained Melody (a four-CD set in 1998), The Things I Love (2000, Fly Me to the Moon (2002), Over The Rainbow (2002), Wine and Roses (2002), Getting to Know You (2002), Halfway to the Stars (2002), On The Street Where You LIve (2002), Some Enchanted Evening (2002), The Best of John Arpin: Put on A Happy Face and Any Dream Will Do (both 2005), One Lucky Piano (2007).
Arpin passed away 8 November 2007 in Toronto, Ontario.
- 1839-01-06 - 1901-03-14
Most likely, Arthur Saunders Gore, 5th Earl of Arran KP (6 January 1839 – 14 March 1901), known as Viscount Sudley from 1839 to 1884, was an Anglo-Irish peer and diplomat.
- Corporate body
The collection of art at York University was established in 1959 when a decision was made to allocate.5% of all building budgets to the purchase of works of art for public display in the new buildings. An art selection committee headed by Mrs. J.D. Eaton was responsible for selection of works. The committee, formalized as the Art Advisory Committee in 1963, enjoyed a close relationship with the Faculty of Fine Arts. In 1968 Michael Greenwood was hired as Curator of the university collection. He remained in that position until 1984 when he was succeeded by Loretta Yarlow. Plans were made in the early 1970s to establish an art gallery at the university and it opened in the 1972/73 academic year. At the same time the University Art Committee was established as a successor to the Advisory Committee. In 1981 renovations doubled the size of the gallery. The gallery serves both an educational and exhibit purpose to the university and wider community. Its exhibitions (both curated and travelling) have included shows of works by Norval Morriseau, Claude Breeze, Ted Godwin, George Grosz, Max Ernst, contemporary American art, African art, German Expressionism, photography, sculpture and installation art. Its permanent collection includes Canadian, European and non-Western art, and is displayed throughout the university campus.
- Corporate body
- Corporate body
Harry William Arthurs was born in Toronto in 1935 and educated at the University of Toronto, receiving his BA degree in 1955 and his LLB in 1958. He obtained his LLM at Harvard Law School in 1959 and was admitted to the Bar of Ontario in 1961. He began teaching at Osgoode Hall Law School in 1961, where he has taught courses on labour relations law, administrative law, legal education, the legal profession, civil liberties, globalization, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and other subjects. Arthurs has acted as an arbitrator and conciliator in labour disputes since 1962. He has been the Canadian member of the United Auto Workers Public Review Board (1967-1977), Chief Adjudicator for the Public Service of Canada (1967-1968), and Impartial Chairman of both the Men's Garment Industry, Toronto (1967-1983) and the Ladies Garment Industry (1967-1981). His scholarly research reflects his lengthy involvement in the area of labour law; he has also written and spoken extensively on administrative law and public administration, legal pluralism and the sociology of law, and the legal profession, legal history and legal education. He is the author of numerous articles and monographs in these fields. In addition, Arthurs has been widely involved in university government and higher education policy, serving as Dean of Osgoode Hall Law School from 1972 to 1977 and President of York University from 1985 to 1992. He was named University Professor of Law and Political Science and President Emeritus of York University in 1995, and he served as Chair of the Council of Ontario Universities from 1987 to 1989. He was chair and principal author of the reports of committees investigating Legal Research and Education in Canada (1980-1983) and Integrity in Research at Concordia University (1993-1994), and he co-authored the external review of administration at Trent University (1997). Arthurs has been chair or member of many other public, academic, and professional bodies, including President of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association (1976-1977), Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada (1979-1983), member of the Economic Council of Canada (1978-1981), and Associate of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (1995- ). He was appointed Commissioner of the Federal Labour Standards Review to examine Part III of the Canada Labour Code in 2004, and headed the Government of Ontario's Expert Commission on Pensions (2007-2008). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1982) and the British Academy (2003), an Officer of the Order of Canada (1989), and a Member of the Order of Ontario (1995). He has been awarded nine honorary degrees by Canadian universities.
- 1803 -
Arthus-Bertrand, a maker of medals and decorations, was founded in Paris in 1803 by Claude Arthus-Bertrand, an army officer during the French Revolution
- Corporate body
- fl. 1884
- Corporate body
Constituted in Toronto in 1979, the Association of Canadian Film Craftspeople was later recognized as a trade union in Ontario and operated as an unincorporated association representing the workplace interests of film technicians in sectors including lighting, hair and makeup, camera work, set decorating and transportation. In addition to negotiating improved pay and working conditions and promoting skills development workshops, the association provided its membership with health insurance and other benefits. The ACFC participated in Canadian industry committees, lobby groups and events and supported many organizations dedicated to the development of Canadian film production personnel. By 1989 the ACFC had opened locals in Winnipeg and Vancouver and including Toronto reached a membership peak of 800. By the early 1990's, a shifting marketplace and an intense rivalry with other unions resulted in a declining membership. The ACFC was dissolved in April of 1998 and many of its locals merged with the rival International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees. One division of the former association, ACFC West, continues to operate in British Columbia.
The Association of Cultural Executives was founded in 1976 as a voluntary organization. Its purpose is to encourage the development of professional cultural executives in Canada and to manage Canada's cultural resources. It has both individual and associate memberships, produces the newsletter 'ACE news', the quarterly, 'Management matters', and the annual, 'Arts administration and cultural management programs in Canada'.
- Corporate body
The Joseph E. Atkinson College was established in 1961 as the result of a donation from the Atkinson Foundation. The purpose of the college is to provide evening classes for adult learners. Originally located at Glendon Hall, the college offered its first programme of courses in the 1962-63 academic year and began offering courses year-round in 1964-65. The college building on the Keele Street campus opening in 1966. At this time the college offered courses leading to the ordinary (three year) Bachelor of Arts degree in a restricted number of fields for both evening and part-time students. Atkinson College courses were generally taught by a full-time faculty appointed to the college. Thus the college, in effect, mirrored the academic development and structure of the larger university, with Divisions of Humanities, Natural Science and Social Science, as well as the several arts programme departments (English, History, Geography, Sociology, etc.). The college had an enrollment of 300 in 1962-63, and this had increased to over 6000 by 1970. In addition to the Arts programme, a degree programme in Administrative Studies was instituted in the 1970s, an Honours degree was offered by 1970-71 and degree programmes leading to a Bachelor of Science and a Bachelor of Social Welfare were first offered in 1973-74. By this date there was a Canadian Studies Programme and an Urban Studies Programme and students were permitted to define a course of study leading to the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. The physical extent of the college was enhanced in the early 1970s by the addition of a west wing to the main building, the construction of Elm in a Elliott Atkinson Hall (both 1971), and a nine story residence building in 1973. By 1991 the college had a student population of 8,800, and departments or programmes of study in the following areas: Administrative Studies, Canadian Studies, Classical Studies, Computer Science and Mathematics, Economics, English, Fine Arts, Francaises et Langues modernes, Geography, History, Humanities, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Science Studies, Social Science, Social Work, Sociology and Urban Studies. The college is led by a Dean assisted by two Associate Deans, and there is a Master of Atkinson College. The College Council serves as the senior deliberative body, and the Atkinson College Students' Association oversees the interests of students. The college has its own Counselling Service, Outreach Services, an Office of Student Programmes, an Alumni Association and a librarian within the York University Libraries.
- Corporate body
The Atkinson College Council (originally the Faculty Council, 1962-1964) was established in 1962 by the university Senate as the legislative and deliberative body of the college. It deals with all academic matters, including curriculum, examinations and petitions of grades. In addition, it has responsibility for policy and planning activities, hiring of faculty and awarding of research grants to faculty and student awards. College Council membership includes the Dean, full-time faculty, student advisers, part-time and cross-appointed faculty and a number of students as well as university officers. The council officers include a chair, elected at the October meeting of the council, vice-chair, which is reserved for the Dean, and a Secretary. The council meets monthly, October to June. The council has several standing committees: Nominating; Policy & Procedure; Curriculum; Examinations and Academic Standards; Awards and Petitions; Research, Grants and Sabbaticals.
- Corporate body
Reporting to the College Dean, the Assistant Dean was charged with academic and administrative duties relating to the provision of services and courses at the college, a task that had previously been that of the Associate Dean of the College. The job was eventually re-defined, with an assistant dean (administration) and an assistant dean with academic responsibilities. By 1972, the assistant deans were replaced with associate deans. The office was filled by Professor Harold Adelman from 1969-1971.
- Corporate body
The position of Associate Dean was created in 1966, with responsibility for the overall academic programme of the College. This included responsibility for the development of the general education programme: through consultation with Divisional directors, he had administrative responsibility for development of the curriculum, hiring and promotion of faculty, the academic budget, the College calendar, the examination schedule, and related matters. The position was vacant from 1969-1972, with many of these responsibilities being assumed by the Assistant Dean. In 1972, new Associate Deans were appointed. For the period 1966-1969 Thomas Leith served as Associate Dean.
- Corporate body
The Atkinson College Students ' Association was instituted in 1963. All enrolled students are members of the Association which has as its main objective the fostering of activities and events that enhances the university experience of the membership. The Association has a General Assembly which is its deliberative body. The Assembly elects its own executive, the student members of the Atkinson College Council, and the student Senators of the York University Senate. In addition, the Association is responsible for the college newspaper, the college pub, and several events and activities (orientation, social events etc) throughout the school year.
The General Assembly of the Atkinson College Students' Association is a legislative and deliberative forum representative of the entire student body of the college. The Executive of the Assembly consists of a president, vice-president, treasurer and secretary
as well as five directors (Academic Affairs, Internal Affairs, External Affairs, Social and Cultural Affairs, Community Relations and a Director without Portfolio) elected by the assembly. In addition representatives are chosen from each class. The Assembly also appoints several committees to oversee college activities, publications, and operations.
- Corporate body
The Counselling Centre (formerly Counselling Services), operates as a service to students seeking personal, academic and career counselling within the college. It is staffed by professional counsellors and by peers.
- Corporate body
Counselling Services operated as a service to students seeking personal, academic and career counselling within the college. It was succeeded by the Counselling Centre.
- Corporate body
The concept of using general divisions (Humanities, Social Science, Natural Science) was introduced at Atkinson College in the 1966-1967 academic year but the College reverted to the traditional departmental structure six years later. Division Directors were academic administrators who oversaw the introduction of courses and the appointment of faculty. They were elected by their divisional peers. The present records date from the period in which Walter B. Carter served as Director of the Humanities Division, 1969-1972.
- Corporate body
The Atkinson Faculty Council was established in 1962 by the university Senate as the legislative and deliberative body of the college. It dealt with all academic matters, including curriculum, examinations and petitions of grades. In addition, it has responsibility for policy and planning activities, hiring of faculty and awarding of research grants to faculty and student awards. In 1964 it was succeeded by the College Council.
Jean M. Augustine (9 September 1937 - ), is a Grenada-born Canadian politician, teacher, and community organizer. She was the first female candidate of African descent to be elected to Parliament.
Augustine was a teacher in Grenada and emigrated to Canada in 1960 under the West Indian Domestic Scheme. She worked as a nanny as required by the program, and acquired her Ontario Teaching Certificate in 1963 and later her B.A. (Hon.) from the University of Toronto. In 1980 she received her M.A.Ed. from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE). Augustine worked as a teacher within the Metropolitan Separate School Board, teaching at St. Anthony (1964 - 1970); St. Raymond (1970 - 1975); St. Felix (1975-1979); and St. Francis de Sales (1979-1982, where she was vice-principal). In 1982, Augustine was appointed principal at St. Felix School, a post she held until 1985. She also served as principal at St. Gregory School (1985- 1988).
Augustine was a social activist and volunteer within the Caribbean community of Toronto, working on issues such as immigrant and women's rights, violence against women, drug abuse and poverty. She founded several community organizations, including the Grenada Association and the Ontario chapter of the Congress of Black Women of Canada. She was also active in the areas of urban education, black youth and cultural events such as Caribana. In the Spring of 1985, Augustine was appointed by Ontario Premier David Peterson to a "transition team" of citizens to facilitate the transfer of power to the newly-elected Liberal-NDP coalition.
On 24 November 1988, she was appointed chair of the Metro Toronto Housing Authority (MTHA), the administrative body for social housing in the city.
In 1993, Augustine was appointed by Liberal Party leader Jean Chrétien as a candidate for the federal riding of Etobicoke-Lakeshore. With her election, Augustine became the first black woman elected to the Parliament of Canada, and later the first black woman in a federal cabinet. Augustine went on to win subsequent federal elections in 1997, 2000, 2002 and 2004.
During her time in federal politics, Augustine was Secretary of State for Multiculturalism, and later Multiculturalism and the Status of Women, and was Special Advisor on Grenada. She also acted as Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister, Deputy Speaker and served three terms as Chair of the National Liberal Women's Caucus.
While serving as a federal politician, Augustine sat on a number of committees including the Foreign Affairs Committee, the Canada Africa Parliamentary Group, and the Canadian Association of Parliamentarians on Population and Development. She also participated on international boards and associations related to women's issues, human rights, AIDS/HIV, micro credit, population and development, economic development and industry, Africa, immigrant rights, racism and xenophobia. Augustine was part of a Canadian team of election observers during the 1994 election campaign in South Africa, and participated on foreign conferences and delegations for the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD), the World Food Organization, and the World Summit of Women.
Jean Augustine was instrumental in establishing the first national recognition of February as Black History Month in 1996.
Augustine retired from politics in November 2005. She was later appointed in March 2007 as Fairness Commissioner of Ontario, to advocate on the behalf of immigrants seeking to have their foreign credentials validated in the province.
- Corporate body
The Avenue-Bay-Cottingham Ratepayers' Association (Toronto) was established in the 1960s as an advocacy group. It operated under various designations until 1970 when it acquired its present name. In the summer of 1970, the Marlborough Avenue Ratepayers' Association, a part of the Avenue-Bay-Cottingham group, began a dispute with Marathon Realty Corporation over the building of the York Racquets Club on Marlborough Avenue. The boundaries of the dispute widened when it was learned that Marathon planned to build Summerhill Square, a combined retail and residential complex on land it owned in the area. Marathon later sold the property and the Square was not built. Jack Granatstein, a professor of history at York University, was a Director of the Avenue-Bay-Cottingham Ratepayers' Association in 1969, president in 1971, and a prime mover in the Marlborough Avenue Ratepayers' Association. His description of the dispute is contained in his book, 'Marlborough marathon: one street against a developer', (1971).
Margaret Avison, poet, was born in Galt, Ontario, and educated at the University of Toronto, graduating with a BA in 1940 and an MA 1965. Avison worked as a librarian, a teacher, and a social worker with the Presbyterian Church, writing poetry in her spare time. She received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1956, which she used to complete her first book of poetry, "Winter Sun" (1960). It was followed by "The Dumbfounding" (1966), "Sunblue" (1978), "No Time" (1989), "Not Yet but Still" (1997), "Concrete and Wild Carrot" (2002), "Always Now: The Collected Poems" (2003-2005), and "Momentary Dark" (2006). "Listening: Last Poems" and an autobiography, "I Am Here and Not-There", were published posthumously in 2009. Avison received the Governor General's Award for Poetry in 1960 for "Winter Sun" and in 1990 for "No Time", and the Griffin Poetry Prize in 2003 for "Concrete and Wild Carrot". She was made an officer of the Order of Canada in 1984 and was a recipient of the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002. Margaret Avison died in Toronto on 31 July 2007.
Paul Axelrod, professor and writer, was born in 1949 and educated at York University and the University of Toronto where he received his BA and MA in 1972 and 1973, respectively. He received a PhD in History from York University in 1980. He was a professor at York University from 1982 until his retirement in 2015, where he also served as the Dean of the Faculty of Education between 2001 and 2008. He is the author and editor of numerous books concerning the history of schooling and higher education, the political economy of education, and educational policy. Axelrod is the author of "Scholars and dollars: politics, economics, and the universities of Ontario, 1945-1980" (1982), "Making a middle class: student life in English Canada during the Thirties" (1990), "Transitions: schooling and employment in Canada" (1993) (with Paul Anisef), "The promise of schooling: education in Canada, 1800-1914" (1997)," Opportunity and uncertainty: life course experiences of the class of '73" (2000) (with Paul Anisef), "Values in conflict: The university, the marketplace, and the trials of liberal education" (2002), and editor of "Youth, university, and Canadian society: essays in the social history of higher education" (1989) and "Knowledge matters: essays in honour of Bernard J. Shapiro" (2004).
Ellen Baar (d. 1998) was a professor at York University in the Division of Social Science. After completing Grade 12, Baar attended Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts, and the University of Michigan where she studied international relations and psychology. Soon after, she worked at the Mental Health Research Institute, and the Institute for Social Research before returning to school in 1961 to study international relations at Northwestern University and social psychology at the University of Michigan graduate school. Baar left Michigan in 1964 to begin a family but returned to teaching and research at York in 1971 where she worked until her death in 1998. She taught the course 'Canadian Problems' and her research covered a variety of topics, such as environmental regulation, studied from the perspective of social organization. To facilitate this research, Baar was a corresponding member of numerous federal and Greater Vancouver Regional District environmental and air quality committees. Books edited or authored by Baar include "Social Conflict and Environmental Law: Ethics, Economics and Equity," and "Inventory of Regulatory Approaches to Achieving Compliance." Baar was also very active in the York community and the York University Faculty Association on matters related to equity and fairness. She served YUFA for over 15 years on a wide range of issues including pay equity, financial analysis and the strike of 1997. In addition, she sat on the Joint Pay Equity Committee from its formation in 1993 and the Joint Study Committee for Affirmative Action for Women. She was the author of their final report in 1987. To honour her life and achievements, the Ellen Baar Award in Social Science was created in 1998.
- fl. 1880-1919
Andrew (Andy) Bach was a cousin of Katherine Shore of Sebringville, Ontario.
- 1852-04-03 - 1893-11-28
(from Wikipedia entry)
Talbot Baines Reed (3 April 1852 – 28 November 1893) was an English writer of boys' fiction who established a genre of school stories that endured into the second half of the 20th century. Among his best-known work is The Fifth Form at St. Dominic's. He was a regular and prolific contributor to The Boy's Own Paper (B.O.P.), in which most of his fiction first appeared. Through his family's business, Reed became a prominent typefounder, and wrote a classic History of the Old English Letter Foundries.
Reed's father, Charles Reed, was a successful London printer who later became a Member of Parliament (MP). Talbot attended the City of London School before leaving at 17 to join the family business at the Fann Street type foundry. His literary career began in 1879, when the B.O.P. was launched. The family were staunchly Christian, pillars of the Congregational Church, and were heavily involved in charitable works. However, Reed did not use his writing as a vehicle for moralising, and was dismissive of those early school story writers, such as Dean Farrar, who did. Reed's affinity with boys, his instinctive understanding of their standpoint in life and his gift for creating believable characters, ensured that his popularity survived through several generations. He was widely imitated by other writers in the school story genre.
In 1881, following the death of his father, Reed became head of the Fann Street foundry. By then he had begun his monumental Letter Foundries history which, published in 1887, was hailed as the standard work on the subject. Along with his B.O.P. obligations Reed wrote regular articles and book reviews for his cousin Edward Baines's newspaper, the Leeds Mercury. He was busy elsewhere, as a co-founder and first honorary secretary of the Bibliographical Society, as a deacon in his local church, and as a trustee for his family's charities. All this activity may have undermined his health; after struggling with illness for most of 1893, Reed died in November that year, at the age of 41. Tributes honoured him both for his contribution to children's fiction and for his work as the definitive historian of English typefounding.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talbot_Baines_Reed .
David Bakan (1921-2004), educator and author, joined the Department of Psychology at York University as a professor in 1968. He previously held positions at the University of Chicago (1961-1968), University of Missouri (1949-1961), and Ohio State where he received the PhD in 1948. He has served on the executive of many professional organizations including the American Psychological Association, the Advisory Board of the Canadian Council on Children and Youth, and in research and clinical bodies in Canada, the United States and Australia. He was the founding editor of the "Canadian journal of community mental health", and a consulting editor for several scholarly journals in the field of psychology. The author of several journal articles, he also wrote "Sigmund Freud and the Jewish mystical tradition" (1958, 1965) which has been translated into French and Italian, "The duality of human existence" (1966), "Slaughter of the innocents: a study of the battered child phenomenon" (1971, 1973), and "And they took themselves wives: on the emergence of patriarchy in western civilization" (1979). Bakan died in Toronto on 18 Oct. 2004.
Mildred Bakan (15 October 1922-7 August 2010) , Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Social Science at York University, was an author, teacher, scholar, and community activist, and was one of the first female philosophy academics in Canada.
Born in New York City, she moved to Iowa City to obtain a MA in Psychology (1945) from the State University in Iowa. Four years later, she completed a PhD in philophy from Ohio State University. During this time, she married David Bakan in 1948 with whom she would have six children. From 1968 until her retirement she taught philosophy and social science at York University in Toronto, Ontario.
Bakan's areas of research interest include phenomenology and Marxism, political economy, history and philosophy of science, German classical idealism, and issues in political ecology. Her service to the community includes involvement with the Multi-Age Group unit (an experimental school under the administration of the North York Board of Education), the North York Seed (an extra curricular high school program), and the Advisory Board City School (an alternative high school under the administration of the Toronto Board of Education).
She is a member of the following honor societies: the Phi Beta Kappa, the Sigma Xi (honorary science), and the PiMu Epsilon (honorary mathematics).
- 21 May 1879 - 1951
(from Wikipedia entry)
George Philip Baker was a writer of popular history. He was deaf from the age of eight. Born at Plumstead in Kent on the 21st of May 1879 he was the son of Philip Baker (an ‘engine fitter and turner’) and his wife Emily. According to his obituary in the Times Baker lost his hearing when he was a boy. The 1901 census tells us that he was ‘deaf from 8 yrs’. His parents sent him to be educated at the Brighton Institution, where he came under the tutelage of William Sleight and his son Arthur.
On leaving school in 1895, Baker got a job in the Royal Carriage Department of the Woolwich Arsenal where the 1901 and 1911 censuses describe himself as being employed as a lithographic draughtsman. In 1910 he married Josephine Garthwaite, who had been a teacher. Leaving to become a full time writer in 1922, Baker was either taking a big gamble or was financially secure.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Philip_Baker .
- 1861-01-12 - 1934-11-08
(from Wikipedia entry)
James Mark Baldwin (January 12, 1861, Columbia, South Carolina – November 8, 1934, Paris) was an American philosopher and psychologist who was educated at Princeton under the supervision of Scottish philosopher James McCosh and who was one of the founders of the Department of Psychology at the university. He made important contributions to early psychology, psychiatry, and to the theory of evolution.
For more information, see Wikipedia article at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Mark_Baldwin .
Shauna Singh Baldwin (1962-), author and radio producer, was born in Montreal, Quebec and holds an M.B.A. from Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and an M.F.A. from the University of British Columbia. She has worked as a radio producer and e-commerce consultant but is best known as a writer of novels and short story collections. Her fiction and poetry have been widely published in literary magazines and anthologies in Canada, the United States, and India. Her first novel, "What the Body Remembers", was published in 1999 and received the 2000 Commonwealth Writer's Prize for Best Book in the Canada-Caribbean region. It has been translated into more than a dozen languages. Her second novel "The Tiger Claw" (2004) was a finalist for the 2004 Giller Prize. Her third novel "The Selector of Soul" was published in 2012. She was awarded the 1996 Friends of American Writers Award for her collection of short stories "English Lessons and Other Stories" published in 1996. She is also the co-author of "A Foreign Visitor's Survival Guide to America," published in 1992, and is author of "We Are Not in Pakistan: Stories" published in 2007. Baldwin’s stage play “We Are So Different Now” was published in 2011 and premiered on stage in 2016.
- 1848-07-25 - 1930-03-19
(from Wikipedia entry)
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, KG, OM, PC, DL (/ˈbælfʊər/; 25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930) was a British Conservative politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905. When he came into his inheritance at 21, Balfour became one of the wealthiest young men in Britain. He rose to prominence by suppressing agrarian unrest in Ireland through punitive action combined with measures against absentee landlords. After being influential in government, he succeeded his uncle, Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader in July 1902.
Balfour was seen as an ambivalent personality and a weak Prime Minister. His embrace of the imperial preference championed by Joseph Chamberlain was nuanced, but brought resignations and the end of his spell as party leader. He opposed Irish Home Rule, saying there could be no half-way house between Ireland remaining within the United Kingdom or becoming independent. He oversaw the Entente Cordiale, an agreement with France that influenced Britain's decision to join the First World War. In 1915 he became Foreign Secretary in David Lloyd George's wartime administration, but was frequently left out of the inner workings of government, although the declaration of 1917 promising Jews a "national home" in Palestine bore his name. He resigned as Foreign Secretary following the Versailles Conference in 1919, dying 19 March 1930 aged 81, having spent an inherited fortune. He never married.
Balfour trained as a philosopher – he originated an argument against believing that human reason could determine truth – and had a detached attitude to life, epitomised by a remark attributed to him: "Nothing matters very much and few things matter at all".
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Balfour .
John Montgomery Barber (1938-1974), educator, social and political activist and lawyer, was a co-founder of the Don Vale Community Centre and of the Point Blank School, a fre school. Both were located in Toronto. He was also a member of the National Council of Welfare. Barber was a professor at Osgoode Hall Law School, 1967-1974
- 1853-02-20 - 1941-01-20
(from Wikipedia entry)
Sir Thomas Barclay LL.D., Ph.D. (20 February 1853 – 20 January 1941) was a distinguished authority on International Law, a writer on economic subjects and a British Liberal politician.
Barclay was born at Dunfermline in 1853, the eldest son of George Barclay, LL.D. of Cupar. he was educated at Cupar Academy, the College of Dunkirk, the Johanneum Classical School, Hamburg, University College, London, and the Universities of Paris and Jena. Initially he followed his father's footsteps in being a journalist for The Times having written articles for various newspapers from 1876 and he was posted to their Paris office. When he was called to the bar in 1881, he then devoted himself to a legal practice.
A former Liberal Unionist, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency) between the two general elections of 1910. He was also a deputy Chairman of the International Law Association. From 1899 to 1900 he headed the British Chamber of commerce and economic work in France involving that helped lead to the Entente cordiale. For these works he would be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1913, 1914, 1923, 1925, and 1928.
Barclay was knighted in the birthday honours of 1904. He was married to Marie Thérèse Teuscher, the translator of Villiers de l'Isle Adam's "La Révolte", with whom he had three children.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Barclay_(economic_writer) .
Terence William Barker was a teacher and minister in the Jehovah Witness Church in Toronto (1962-1972), and later joined the Process Church of the Final Judgement. At Magdalen College, Oxford University, he conducted studies on apocalyptic sects and gnosticism. The Process Church was founded in 1963 as a prophetic sect under the leadership of Robert de Grimston, and was virtually defunct by 1978.
Deborah Barndt, educator, writer, activist and photographer, attended Otterbein College in Ohio, graduating in 1967 with a BA in Comprehensive Social Studies and French. She then studied at Michigan State University, completing her MA in Social Psychology in 1968. From 1970 to 1972, she taught as an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology and Sociology at Brookdale Community College in New Jersey. She travelled to Lima, Peru, in 1976 to serve as resident sociologist for a visual communications workshop at the Universidad La Catholica. Barndt was a part-time faculty member in the Applied Social Science department at Concordia University in Montreal before completing her PhD in sociology from Michigan University in 1978. Her PhD dissertation was entitled “People Connecting with Structures: A Photographic and Contextual Exploration of the Conscientization Process in a Peruvian Literacy Program”. From 1977 to 1981, Barndt was a staff member in the participatory research group of the International Council for Adult Education, becoming its director for 1980-1981. During this time, Barndt also worked as an instructor for the Toronto Board of Education and Humber College’s Labour Studies Centre and its English in the Workplace program. She was a visiting professor in the “Women in Unusual Careers” programme at Denison University in Ohio in 1981 before working as a teacher training consultant for the Nicaraguan government’s Vice-Ministry of Adult Education between 1981 and 1983. In 1983, Barndt worked as a consultant at the Highlander Research and Education Center in Tennessee. She returned to Toronto to take the position of adjunct professor in the Department of Adult Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education until 1985, when she became the coordinator of Canadian issues at the Jesuit Centre for Social Faith and Justice, a position she held until 1993. Between 1987 and 1990, Barndt was an instructor at the University of Toronto’s Regis College and Department of Sociology. In 1993, Barndt joined the Faculty of Environmental Studies (FES) at York University as an assistant professor, becoming an associate professor in 1999 and professor in 2004. At York, she founded the Community Arts Practice (CAP) program in 2005. She was a senior scholar at the Centre for Refugee Studies in 2008, and between 2012-2013 she served as the inaugural chair for social justice at the Coady International Institute and St. Francis Xavier University, in Antigonish, Nova Scotia. She retired from York University in 2014.
Barndt is the author of Education and Social Change: A Photographic Study of Peru (1980), Getting There: Producing Photo-stories with Immigrant Women (1982) (co-author), A New Weave: Popular Education in Canada and Central America (1985) (co-author), To Change This House: Popular Education under the Sandinistas (1991), and Tangled Routes: Women, Work and Globalization on the Tomato Trail (2002). She is the editor of Women Working the NAFTA Food Chain (1999), Just Doing It: Popular Collective Action in the Americas (2002) (co-editor), Wild Fire: Art as Activism (2006), and VIVA! Community Arts and Popular Education in the Americas (2011).
- fl. 1904-1906
(from Wikipedia entry)
Samuel Augustus Barnett (8 February 1844 – 17 June 1913) was an Anglican cleric and social reformer who was particularly associated with the establishment of the first university settlement, Toynbee Hall, in east London in 1884.He was born in Bristol, the son of Francis Augustus Barnett, an iron manufacturer. After leaving Wadham College, Oxford, in 1866, he visited the United States. In the following year he was ordained as a deacon and became the curate of St Mary's, Bryanston Square before being ordained as a priest in 1868.
In 1873, he married Henrietta Octavia Weston Rowland (1851–1936), heiress, social reformer and author, who had been a co-worker of Octavia Hill. Both were social reformers and philanthropists with broad cultural interests. Later that year, the Barnetts moved to the impoverished Whitechapel parish of St. Jude’s intent on improving social conditions in one of London's worst slums.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Barnett_(reformer) .
- 12 November 1842 - 30 June 1919
(from Wikipedia entry)
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, OM, PRS (12 November 1842 - 30 June 1919) was an English physicist who, with William Ramsay, discovered argon, an achievement for which he earned the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904. He also discovered the phenomenon now called Rayleigh scattering, which can be used to explain why the sky is blue, and predicted the existence of the surface waves now known as Rayleigh waves. Rayleigh's textbook, The Theory of Sound, is still referred to by acoustic engineers today. John William Strutt, of Terling Place Essex, suffered from frailty and poor health in his early years. He attended Harrow School, before going on to the University of Cambridge in 1861 where he studied mathematics at Trinity College. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree (Senior Wrangler and 1st Smith's prize) in 1865, and a Master of Arts in 1868. He was subsequently elected to a Fellowship of Trinity. He held the post until his marriage to Evelyn Balfour, daughter of James Maitland Balfour, in 1871. He had three sons with her. In 1873, on the death of his father, John Strutt, 2nd Baron Rayleigh, he inherited the Barony of Rayleigh.
He was the second Cavendish Professor of Physics at the University of Cambridge (following James Clerk Maxwell), from 1879 to 1884. He first described dynamic soaring by seabirds in 1883, in the British journal Nature. From 1887 to 1905 he was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Cambridge.
Around the year 1900 Lord Rayleigh developed the duplex (combination of two) theory of human sound localization using two binaural cues, interaural phase difference (IPD) and interaural level difference (ILD) (based on analysis of a spherical head with no external pinnae). The theory posits that we use two primary cues for sound lateralization, using the difference in the phases of sinusoidal components of the sound and the difference in amplitude (level) between the two ears.
The rayl unit of acoustic impedance is named after him.
As an advocate that simplicity and theory be part of the scientific method, Lord Rayleigh argued for the principle of similitude.
Lord Rayleigh was elected Fellow of the Royal Society on 12 June 1873, and served as president of the Royal Society from 1905 to 1908. From time to time Lord Rayleigh participated in the House of Lords; however, he spoke up only if politics attempted to become involved in science. He died on 30 June 1919, in Witham, Essex. He was succeeded, as the 4th Lord Rayleigh, by his son Robert John Strutt, another well-known physicist. Lord Rayleigh was an Anglican. Though he did not write about the relationship of science and religion, he retained a personal interest in spiritual matters.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_William_Strutt,_3rd_Baron_Rayleigh .
- 31 December 1897-
Ivan Bradshaw Miles Barr (31 December 1897) was a veteran of World War I. In 1920 he married Jennie B. Shore. After the war, Barr appears to have served with the Kitchener police department, the Customs-Excise Preventive Service, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP), as Night Officer with the Royal Connaught Hotel in Hamilton, and as a Flight Sargeant with the Royal Canadian Air Force in Montreal.