Showing 2736 results

Authority record

Conybeare, Frank Cornwallis

(from Wikipedia and ODNB entries)

Frederick Cornwallis Conybeare (1856–1924), biblical and Armenian scholar, was born at Coulsdon, Surrey, on 14 September 1856, the third son of John Charles Conybeare (1818/19–1884), barrister, of Coulsdon, and his wife, Mary Catharine, née Vansittart. He was educated at Tonbridge School from 1868 to 1876 (his father having moved to Tonbridge), and in January 1876 he proceeded with a scholarship to University College, Oxford. He resigned from the college in 1887 to focus on his research and the Armenian language.

He was elected fellow of his college in 1880 and praelector in philosophy and history. ON 12 December 1883 he married Mary Emily (1882-1886), the second daughter of Friedrich Max Müller, the philologist; she accompanied him on his travels and assisted him in translating R. H. Lotze's Outlines of a Philosophy of Religion (1892). He married secondly, in Nice on 22 January 1888, Jane (1859/60–1934), daughter of Edward Macdowell of Belfast; they had one son and one daughter.

The frankness with which Conybeare expressed his opinions endeared him to his friends but involved him in controversies. Having obtained private information about the Dreyfus affair Conybeare published in 1898 his much noticed pro-Dreyfus book, The Dreyfus Case. In 1904 he joined the Rationalist Press Association, which published his Myth, Magic, and Morals, a Study of Christian Origins (1909); its somewhat cynical scepticism elicited a rejoinder from William Sanday in A New Marcion (1909). But Conybeare also attacked the rationalist school, which denied the historicity of Jesus Christ, in The Historical Christ, published by the same association in 1914.

Soon after the outbreak of war in 1914 Conybeare, against the advice of friends, wrote a letter in reply to Professor Kuno Meyer in which he blamed the outbreak of war on Sir Edward Grey and H. H. Asquith.

He died at his home, 21 Trinity Gardens, Folkestone, Kent, on 9 January 1924.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry here: .

Conybeare, Mary Emily

  • Person
  • 1882-1886

Mary Emily Müller was the second daughter of the philologist Friedrich Max Müller and his wife Georgina Adelaide Grenfell. She married Frederick Cornwallis Conybeare (1856-1924) on 12 December 1883. She accompanied him on his travels and assisted him in translating R. H. Lotze's Outlines of a Philosophy of Religion (1892). She was also a translator for the works of Wilhelm Scherer.

Cook, Ramsay, 1931-2016

George Ramsay Cook (1931-2016), educator and author, was born in Alameda, Saskatchewan to a United Church minister and his wife. He earned his BA at the University of Manitoba (1954), his MA at Queen's University (1956), and his PhD at the University of Toronto (1960) with a dissertation on John W. Dafoe. Cook joined the History Department at York University in 1969 following ten years as a member of the History Department of the University of Toronto. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, an Officer of the Order of Canada, and received the Governor General's Award for non-fiction in 1985. Among numerous other awards and recognition, in 2005 Cook was the recipient of the Molson Prize in the Social Sciences & Humanities. Cook authored several studies in the field of Canadian history including "The politics of John W. Dafoe and the Free press" (1963), "Canada and the French Canadian question" (1966), "The Maple leaf forever" (1971), "Canada 1896-1921: a nation transformed", with R.C. Brown, (1975), "The regenerators: social criticism in late Victorian Canada" (1985), "Canada, Quebec and the uses of nationalism" (1986), and several other books, articles and studies. Cook also played a part in Canadian politics, promoting a strong federal government. Cook and other academics publicly supported Pierre Elliott Trudeau's bid for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1968. His last book was "The Teeth of Time" (2006), a memoir focussed on his friendship with Pierre Elliott Trudeau. From 1989 until 2006 he served as executive editor of the Dictionary of Canadian Biography/Dictionnaire biographique du Canada.

Coombs, David

  • Person

David Coombs was a student at McLaughlin College from 1968 to 1977. He served on the first two college councils and the first presidential search committee to select a successor to Murray Ross, the first president of York University. In 1970, he prepared a history of the early years of the university and interviewed the founding members of the original McLaughlin College council.

Cooper, Barry

Fraser Barry Cooper (1943- ) is a professor of political science at the University of Calgary. He formerly taught at York University (1970-1981) in the Department of Political Science as well as at Duke University (1967), where he obtained the PhD (1969), and at Bishop's College (1968-1970). Cooper is the author of several books including 'Deconfederation: Canada without Quebec' (1991) with David Jay Bercuson, 'Action into nature: an essay on the meaning of technology,' (1989), 'The end of history,' (1984), 'Merleau-Ponty and Marxism,' (1981) and others.

Cooper-Clark, Diana

Diana Cooper-Clark is a professor, university administrator and author. Born in Kingston, Jamaica, she was educated in Canada receiving a B.Ed. from the University of Toronto and a B.A., M.A., B.F.A. and Ph.D. from York University. Cooper-Clark began teaching at York in 1970 as contract faculty, eventually becoming Chair of the Department of English, Atkinson (1998-2000) and Coordinator, English, School of Arts and Letters, Atkinson (2000-2001). More recently, she has taken on the roles of Associate Professor and Master of Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies and is a cross-appointed professor in the Division of the Humanities/Arts. Cooper-Clark has participated in numerous writers' conferences and workshops in Canada, India and Jamaica as an organizer, moderator, presenter, and panelist. She has won four teaching awards, two of which are national awards for teaching excellence and educational leadership: Canadian CASE Professor of the Year (1995) and the 3M Teaching Fellowship Award (2000). Professor Cooper-Clark has published three books, "Designs of Darkness: Interviews with Detective Novelists", "Interviews with Contemporary Novelists", and "Dreams of Re-Creation in Jamaica: The Holocaust, Internment, Jewish Refugees in Gibraltar Camp, Jamaican Jews and Sephardim".

Corbet, Rev. R.W.

  • Person
  • fl. 1880-1900

Author of "Letters of a Mystic of the Present Day."

Council of the York Student Federation

The Council of the York Student Federation began in 1968 as the York Student Council, changing its name in 1969 to Council of the York Student Federation. In 1990 its name was changed again, this time to the York Federation of Students. Prior to 1968, the York Student Representative Council had served the interests of students at the university. Originally made up of students from the three colleges (Founders, Vanier, Winters) and the two faculties (Graduate Studies, Administrative Studies), with an invitation of membership to faculty, the Federation is currently comprised of all students in the Faculties of Arts, Fine Arts, Education, and Pure and Applied Science and the undergraduate students in the Faculty of Administrative Studies. Associate members include students in Osgoode Hall Law School, Glendon and Atkinson colleges. The Federation is governed by a Board of Directors comprised of an elected President, Secretary and Treasurer, and representatives of the constituent members. In addition there are vice presidents for external relations, finance, internal relations, equality and social affairs, and commissioners for health care and clubs.
The purpose of the Federation is to represent the interests of the student members within the university community and with various external bodies (Ontario Federation of Students, etc), to serve as a communications and information service for the student body, and to administer social, cultural, athletic and business operations of the Federation on behalf of students.

Court, Paul

  • Person

The Mariposa Folk Festival has become Paul Court’s way of celebrating his birthday. The Orillia artist turned 66 on July 4. Being involved in the arts community, and volunteering with the festival, he sees many of his friends at the festival every year. Seems like a convenient time to celebrate the big day. “It’s become a tradition,” he said. “They wish me a happy birthday on social media and say they’ll buy me a beer at Mariposa.”

Courthope, William John, 1842-1917

  • Person
  • 1842-1917

William John Courthope (July 17, 1842 – April 10, 1917), was an English writer and historian of poetry. Apart from many contributions to higher journalism, his literary career is associated mainly with his continuation of the edition of Alexander Pope's works, begun by Whitwell Elwin, which appeared in ten volumes from 1871-1889; his life of Addison (Men of Letters series, 1882); his Liberal Movement in English Literature (1885); and his tenure of the professorship of Poetry at Oxford (1895-1901), which resulted in his elaborate History of English Poetry (the first volume appearing in 1895), and his Life in Poetry (1901). He deals with the history of English poetry as a whole, and in its unity as a result of the national spirit and thought in succeeding ages, and attempts to bring the great poets into relation with this. In 1887 he was appointed a civil service commissioner, being first commissioner in 1892, and being made a CB. He was made an honorary fellow of his old college at Oxford in 1896, and was given the honorary degrees of D.Litt by Durham in 1895 and of LL.D by Edinburgh University in 1898.

Courtney, Richard, 1927-1997

Richard Courtney, drama teacher and theatre scholar, was born in Newmarket, England on 4 June 1927 and was educated at Culford School and Leeds University. Between the years 1948 and 1952, Courtney, studied at Leeds with Shakespeare scholar G. Wilson Knight and Pirandello scholar and translator Frederick May. On 21 December 1953, he married Maureen Rosemary Gale. While attending Leeds, Courtney directed and appeared in a number of theatre productions and upon graduation continued his this endeavor with the Arts Theatre in Leeds and the Rep Theatre in Yorkshire. From 1956 to1960, he played various roles on BBC radio. Between 1952 and 1959 he taught drama at schools in England before becoming Senior Lecturer in Drama at Trent Park College of Education in 1959, a position he would retain until 1967. From 1968 to 1971, he was Associate Professor of Theatre at the University of Victoria, British Columbia and was Professor of Drama from 1971 to 1974 at the University of Calgary. While in Calgary, Courtney also directed theatre and served as President of the Canadian Child and Youth Drama Association as well as being an advisor to the Minster of Culture, Andre Fortier. In 1974 he was appointed Professor of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and the University of Toronto Graduate Centre for Drama. He maintained these positions until his retirement in 1995. In 1975 he traveled to New Mexico to research the dramatic rituals of the Hopi and the Navajo nations. He visited the University of Melbourne in 1970 and 1974 and was a Visiting Fellow in the Spring of 1979 at the Melbourne State College, Victoria. Above all Richard Courtney was a well respected drama theorist. He wrote extensively on the subject and has roughly one hundred published works to his name including Drama for Youth (1964), Teaching Drama (1965), The School Play (1966), The Drama Studio (1967), Play, Drama and Thought (1968), The Dramatic Curriculum (1980). In addition, he was also responsible for numerous reports and journal articles touching on such subjects as educational drama, drama therapy, arts education, criticism and the history of drama. Courtney lectured extensively in Australia, Canada, the UK and the US. He was President of the Canadian Conference of the Arts, 1973-1976 and Chairman of the National Inquiry into Arts and Education in Canada, 1975-1979. Richard Courtney died on Saltspring Island, British Columbia on 16 August 1997.

Courtney, W.L.

(from Wikipedia and ODNB entries)

William Leonard Courtney (5 January 1850 – 1 November 1928) was an English philosopher and journalist, born at Poona, India on 5 January 1850, the youngest of three sons and three daughters of William Courtney, a member of the Indian Civil Service and his wife Ann Edwardes, the daughter of Captain Edward Scott of the Royal Navy.

Educated at Somerset College in Bath under Revd Hay Sweet Escott before attending Oxford from 1868 to 1872. In 1873 he became headmaster of Somersetshire College, Bath, and in 1894 editor of the Fortnightly Review. He married in 1874 Cordelia Blanche Place, daughter of Commander Lionel Place of the Royal Navy. The couple had three daughters and four sons. Cordelia died in 1907. In 1911 he married Janet Elizabeth Hogarth (Janet E. Courtney), a scholar, writer and feminist, born in Barton-on-Humber (27 November 1865 - 24 September 1954).

Courtney worked for thirty-eight years in Fleet Street writing general articles and later became the chief thetre critic and literary editor of the "Daily Telegraph" (a post he held until 1925), as well as writing a weekly "Book of the Day" column. In 1890-1891 he edited "Murray's Magazine" but later moved to become editor of the "Fortnightly Review" in 1894.

Published works include:

Studies on Philosophy (1882)
Constructive Ethics (1886)
Studies New and Old (1888)
Life of John Stuart Mill (1889)
The Idea of Tragedy (1900)
The Development of Maeterlinck (1904)
The Feminine Note in Fiction (1904)
Rosemary's Letter Book (1909)
In Search of Egeria (1911).

For more information, see entries in Wikipedia at: and the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography at:

Courtney, William Leonard, 1850-1928

  • Person
  • 1850-1928

William Leonard Courtney (1850-1928) was an English author, born in Poona, India, and educated at Oxford. In 1873 he became headmaster of Somersetshire College, Bath, and in 1894 editor of the Fortnightly Review. In 1911 he married Janet Elizabeth Hogarth (Janet E. Courtney), a scholar, writer and feminist, born in Barton-on-Humber (27 November 1865 - 24 September 1954).

Cowan, Judith Elaine

  • Person

Judith Cowan, author, translator and professor, was born in Sydney, Nova Scotia. She received a BA in Modern Languages and Literature in 1965 and a MA in French Literature in 1969 from the University of Toronto. She received an MA in English Literature in 1970 from York University where she also lectured during the 1970-1971 academic year. She completed her PhD in Canadian comparative literature at l'Université de Sherbrooke in 1983. She has been a professor of Canadian, American and English Literature at l'Université de Quebec at Trois-Rivières since 1973. Cowan has translated numerous poems by Quebec writers for Ellipse magazine, a magazine that specializes in translations of Canadian literature. She has also translated whole works by authors such as Gérald Godin and Yves Préfontaine. She was awarded a Governor-General's Award in 2004 for "Mirabel," her translation of Pierre Nepveu's "Lignes aériennes." She has authored and published several collections of short stories, including "Gambler's Fallacy," and has several novels in progress.

Coxe, Richard Charles, 1800-1865

  • Person
  • 1800-1865

Richard Charles Coxe was an English churchman and author, archdeacon of Lindisfarne from 1853.


  • Person

Craigie, Sir William Alexander

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir William Alexander Craigie (13 August 1867 – 2 September 1957) was a philologist and a lexicographer. A graduate of the University of St Andrews, he was the third editor of the Oxford English Dictionary and co-editor (with C. T. Onions) of the 1933 supplement. From 1916 to 1925 he was also Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Oxford. He married Jessie Kinmond Hutchen of Dundee, born 1864 or 65, died 1947, daughter of William. He lectured on lexicography at the University of Chicago while working on the Dictionary of American English and the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue,
a project he pioneered. Many twentieth-century American lexicographers studied under Craigie as a part of his lectureship, including Clarence Barnhart, Jess Stein, Woodford A. Heflin, Robert Ramsey, Louise Pound, and Allen Walker Read. Craigie was also fluent in Icelandic and an expert in the field of rímur. He made many valuable contributions in that field. His interest was awakened by a winter of study in Copenhagen, then the centre of Norse philology. He compiled the complete Oxford edition of Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales, with hitherto untranslated tales being supplied by his wife. He befriended many of the great Norse philologists of the time and came across séra Einar Guðmundsson's seventheenth-century Skotlands rímur, dealing with the Gowrie Conspiracy. Being a Scotsman himself, there was no way back, and he continued research in that field till the end of his life.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Crawford, Robert Pridham, 1923-1978

  • Person

Robert Pridham Crawford (1923-1978), engineer and college administrator, was educated at the University of Toronto and joined the International Nickel Company as an engineer in 1949. He remained with that firm in different capacities until 1967 when he was appointed president of Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology. Crawford was also a hobby farmer in the Barrie area, raising and boarding horses on his property, Gladhill Farm.

Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1926-2005

Robert (White) Creeley was an American poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, editor, and teacher.

Crichton-Brown, Sir James

(from Wikipedia entry)
Sir James Crichton-Browne MD FRS (29 November 1840 – 31 January 1938) was a leading British psychiatrist and medical psychologist. He is known for studies on the relationship of mental illness to brain injury and for the development of public health policies in relation to mental health. Crichton-Browne was the second son of the phrenologist Dr. William A.F. Browne.

Crichton-Browne was an author and orator, editor of the highly influential West Riding Lunatic Asylum Medical Reports (six volumes, 1871 to 1876), one of Charles Darwin's correspondents and collaborators - on The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) - and - like Duchenne de Boulogne and Hugh Welch Diamond - a pioneer of neuropsychiatric photography. Crichton-Browne was based at the West Riding Asylum in Wakefield from 1866 to 1875, and there he set up a unique asylum laboratory, establishing instruction in psychiatry for students from the nearby Leeds School of Medicine. In 1895, he delivered his celebrated Cavendish Lecture "On Dreamy Mental States" which attracted the disapproval of the American psychologist William James and in 1907 he summarized the conclusions of his neuropsychiatric research in his Royal Institution Lecture Dexterity and the Bend Sinister.

For more information, consult Wikipedia entry at: .

Crissall, William

  • Person
  • [17--?]

William Crissall [or Crysall] of Penlow, Essex.

Crosbie, Lynn, 1963-

Lynn Crosbie, writer and educator, was born in Montreal. She attended Dorval High School and Dawson College in Montreal before moving to Toronto, where she attended York University, obtaining a BA in English and Sociology in 1986 and an MA in English in 1987. Crosbie then attended the University of Toronto, earning a PhD in English in 1996. Her PhD thesis is entitled “Contextualizing Anne Sexton: confessional process and feminist practice in the Complete Poems”. Crosbie has been an instructor at the Ontario College of Art and Design/OCAD University, the University of Toronto, the Art Gallery of Ontario, the University of Guelph and York University, teaching courses in English literature, creative writing, and popular culture.

Crosbie began her literary career writing poetry. Her first book of poetry, Miss Pamela’s Mercy, was published in 1992, followed by VillainElle (1994), Pearl (1995), Queen Rat (1998), Missing Children (2003), Liar (2006), and The Corpses of the Future (2017). Her books of prose and fiction include Paul’s Case (1997), Dorothy L’Amour (1999), Life Is About Losing Everything (2012), Where Did You Sleep Last Night (2015), and Chicken (2018). She co-wrote Phoebe 2002: An Essay in Verse (2003) with Jeffery Conway and David Trinidad, and she is the editor of The Girl Wants To: Female Representations of Sex and the Body (1993) and Click: Becoming Feminists (1997).

Crosbie, also a prolific writer on popular culture, started freelance writing in the early 1990s. She has written features, reviews and columns for magazines, newspapers and literary journals including Maclean’s, the National Post, Fashion, Flare, This Magazine, Hazlitt, Quill and Quire, The Walrus, NOW, Saturday Night and Zoomer. Between 2002 and 2012, Crosbie’s column, “Pop Rocks”, appeared in the Globe and Mail’s Arts Section. She also wrote a column, “Critical Mass”, for the Toronto Star between 2000 and 2004 and a television column in Eye Weekly between 1999 and 2001.

Crosbie's story "The High Hard Ones", published in Saturday Night magazine, won the National Magazine Awards’ gold award for best fiction story in 2000, and her article "Lights Out", published in Fashion Magazine, won the silver award for best short feature in 2009. Her book, Where Did You Sleep Last Night, was shortlisted for the 2016 Trillium Book Award.

Crossley, Adam

  • Person

Adam Crossley, a full time singer songwriter since 2005, has written for TV and film, in addition to full-length albums. His music has been featured "on several Canadian shows as well as more popular productions such as (Law and Order Criminal Intent, Dancing with the Stars, Oprah, and The Simpsons). [His] song 'Beautiful World' reached the top five AC Billboard Charts in both Canada and The States."

Crowe, Harry Sherman, 1922-1981

  • Person

Harry Sherman Crowe (1922-1981), educator, administrator and labour researcher, was affiliated with York University for the last fifteen years of his life as a professor and administrator of Atkinson College. He joined the Atkinson History Department in 1966 as professor and chairman (1966-1969) and was subsequently named dean of the college, 1969-1974. He later served a second term as dean, 1979-1981. Prior to his tenure at York, Crowe had been a professor at United College (now the University of Winnipeg) during the years, 1950-1959. At this time he became involved in a protracted dispute with the administration of the college which resulted in his dismissal in 1958. The dispute gained prominence as an example of the tenuous state of academic tenure in Canadian universities and proved to be instrumental in establishing the Canadian Association of University Teachers as an effective voice for the rights of university teachers. Following his career at United College, Crowe spent the years 1959-1966 as the director of research for the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport and General Workers and also served as a research associate with the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism. Crowe also had a strong attachment to the New Democratic Party of Canada and served as press agent and adviser to leader Tommy Douglas in a federal election campaign. Crowe was the author of several articles dealing with industrial relations, co-authored a textbook, 'A sourcebook of Canadian history,' edited the journal 'Middle East focus', and was a columnist for the Toronto telegram and Chatelaine magazine.


Cuff, Robert D.

Robert Dennis Cuff (1941-), educator and author, is a professor of history at York University (1978- ). Formerly, he taught at the University of Rochester (1967-1978) where he specialized in business-government relations and Canadian-American relations. He is co-author and editor of several works including 'Enterprise and national development (1971), 'The War Industries Board: business-government relations during World War I,' (1973), 'Canadian-American relations in wartime: From the Great War to the Cold War,' (1975) and 'An American history reader,' (1988).

Cumming, John, 1807-1881

  • Person
  • 1807-1881

John Cumming (November 10, 1807 – July 5, 1881) was a Scottish clergyman. In 1832, Cumming was appointed to the Crown Court Church in Covent Garden, London, a Church of Scotland congregation that catered for Scots living in London. He was a controversial figure in his day, with George Eliot being the most prominent figure to have written denouncing Cumming's anti-Catholicism, obsession with the End Times, and perceived intellectual dishonesty. Cumming retired in 1879. In total, he published approximately 180 books during his lifetime.

Curtius, Ernst, 1814-1896

  • Person
  • 1814-1896

Ernst Curtius (September 2, 1814 – July 11, 1896) was a German philologist, professor, archaeologist and historian. On completing his university studies he was chosen by C. A. Brandis to accompany him on a journey to Greece for the prosecution of archaeological researches. Curtius then became Otfried Müller's companion in his exploration of the Peloponnese, and on Müller's death in 1840 he returned to Germany. In 1844 he became an extraordinary professor (professor without chair) at the University of Berlin, and in the same year he was appointed tutor to Prince Frederick William (afterwards the Emperor Frederick III), a post which he held till 1850. After holding a professorship at Göttingen and undertaking a further journey to Greece in 1862, Curtius was appointed (in 1863) ordinary professor (professor with chair) at Berlin. In 1874 he was sent to Athens by the German government and there concluded an agreement by which the excavations at Olympia were entrusted exclusively to Germany.

Curtius, Georg, 1820-1885

  • Person
  • 1820-1885

Georg Curtius (April 16, 1820 – August 12, 1885) was a German philologist. After an education at Bonn and Berlin, he was a schoolmaster in Dresden from ca. 1842, until he returned to Berlin University as privatdocent in 1845. In 1849 he was placed in charge of the Philological Seminary at Prague, and two years later was appointed professor of classical philology in Prague University. In 1852, he moved from Prague to a similar appointment at Kiel, and again in 1862 from Kiel to Leipzig. Georg Curtius was the brother of the historian and archeologist Ernst Curtius.

Cust, Emmeline Mary Elizabeth

Emmeline (Nina) Cust (1867- I955), translator, editor, poet, and sculptor, was the daughter of Sir William Welby-Gregory fourth Baronet and Victoria Welby of Denton Manor, Grantham.

On 11 October 1893 she married Henry Cust (1861-1917), Unionist M.P. for the Stamford division of Lincolnshire (1890-5) and Bermondsey (1900-6) as well as editor of the Pall Mall Gazette in the 1890s.
The marriage was orchestrated by the family and Arthur Balfour, as Nina had become pregnant (some sources argue it was a hysterical pregnancy) after an affair with Cust, a notorious philanderer. Cust settled his wife in a home in Carlton House Terrace, but then appears to have abandoned her, for all intensive purposes. They did not have children.

Through her marriage, she became a member of 'The Souls,' the exclusive circle of young men and women, all prominent in public and social life, who formed the artistic avant-garde in English society in the 1880S and 90s.

Cust was the editor of two volumes of her mother's collected correspondence.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Cust, Henry John Cockayne

(from Wikipedia entry)

Henry John "Harry" Cockayne-Cust (10 October 1861 – 2 March 1917) was an English politician and editor who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Unionist Party. Cust was born to Sara Jane Cookson and Henry Cockayne-Cust, and was educated at Eton (where he was captain of the Oppidans) and Trinity College, Cambridge. While at Trinity College, he was elected to the Apostles and graduated with second-class honours in the Classical Tripos. Initially pursuing a legal career, Cust was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1888 but was not called. Instead he decided to enter Parliament, and won a by-election in 1890 for Stamford, Lincolnshire. He left Parliament at the general election of 1895, but returned five years later when he won a seat in the constituency of Bermondsey, remaining until 1906.
Cust was one of The Souls and was attached to Pamela Wyndham, who later married Edward Tennant. Others in the same clique were Margot Asquith, Arthur Balfour, George Nathaniel Curzon, Alfred Lyttelton, Godfrey Webb, and George Wyndham. Considered a brilliant conversationalist by his contemporaries, he had a reputation as a womaniser and was the natural father of the socialite and philanthropist Lady Diana Cooper, by the Duchess of Rutland, although this was not acknowledged until much later. Cust was also rumoured to be the father of Beatrice Stephenson, who became the mother of British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, and although there was no solid proof of this connection, Lady Diana Cooper often jokingly referred to Mrs. Thatcher as her niece.
In 1892, Cust met William Waldorf Astor, who invited him to edit the Pall Mall Gazette. Despite lacking any background in journalism, Cust immediately accepted. He soon transformed the newspaper into the best evening journal of the period, thanks in part to his securing such contributors as Rudyard Kipling and H. G. Wells. Yet Cust rejected contributions submitted by Astor himself, who had literary aspirations; and this, coupled with political disagreements, led to Cust's dismissal in February 1896.
After leaving the Pall Mall Gazette, Cust continued his career as an author. He wrote several poems, most notably "Non nobis domine". During World War I Cust was active in propaganda on behalf of the British Government. In August 1914, he founded the Central Committee for National Patriotic Organizations. He died in 1917 of a heart attack at his home in Hyde Park Gate, London. He was heir to the barony of Brownlow, a position which at his death fell to his brother, Adelbert Salusbury Cust (b. 1867). As the result of a purported pregnancy, he married in 1893 Emmeline Mary Elizabeth Welby-Gregory (1867–1955), known as Nina, who was the daughter of Victoria, Lady Welby. The pregnancy was either false or a misrepresentation, and the couple, whose marriage was thereafter contentious, did not have any children. Nina Cust was a translator and editor of her mother's papers. She and her husband are buried together in Belton, Lincolnshire, with a monument designed by her.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Czasch, Kurt (d. 1971)

  • Person

Kurt Czasch (d. 1971) was a captain in the German army (Regiment 12, Battalion 2, Paratroop Storm Regiment), and served in France, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Russia and Italy. His regiment was captured by the British in 1945. Czasch later emigrated to Canada and died in Montreal in 1982.


  • Corporate body

Dafoe, Frances

Frances Helen Dafoe (b. 1929) is a costume designer and former Olympic figure skater. A former World Figure Staking champion, she won a silver medal (for pairs with partner Norris Bowden) at the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. She was awarded the Order of Ontario in 1990 and the Order of Canada in 1991 in recognition of her contributions to costume design and sport in Canada. She is also a recipient of the Confederation medal and the Golden Jubilee medal.

Dafoe was a graduate of Branksome Hall and Central Technical High School in Toronto, where one of her teachers was artist Doris McCarthy. She also attended Parsons School of Design in New York.

After her retirement from professional figure skating, Dafoe worked a costume designer for the CBC, where she contributed to such television series and specials as "The Wayne and Shuster Show", "The Royal Canadian Air Farce", The NHL Awards, and various dance or figure-skating specials. She also designed the costumes for the closing ceremonies of the Olympic Winter Games in Calgary in 1988.

A long-time collaborator with choreographer Alan Lund, Dafoe worked on stage productions at the Charlottetown Festival, as well as performances by the Royal Winnipeg Ballet and numerous figure skating productions featuring Kurt Browning, Elizabeth Manley, Brian Orser and Toller Cranston.

Also a free-lance designer, Dafoe has created costumes for many professional performers, dancers and figure skaters, including Karen Kain, Michael Burgess, Alan Thicke, Al Waxman, Sharon, Lois & Bram, Kristi Yamaguchi, Scott Hamilton, Elvis Stojko, Isabelle Brasseur and Lloyd Lloyd Eisler, Katarina Witt, Elizabeth Manley and Kurt Browning.

Dafoe was nominated for a Gemini Award for costume design for such works as "Return to the beanstalk", "The true gift of Christmas", "I'll never go to heaven" and "You must remember this." She received an Ace award for costume design for her work on "Rich Little's Robin Hood", a Golden Gate award at the San Francisco International Film Festival for her work on "Strawberry ice" and a Prix Anik Award for her costume designs in the television productions of "Strawberry ice" and "Return to the beanstalk."

In 2011 Dafoe published a book "Figure skating: eight centuries of sport and inspiration." She is married and has two children.

Dallas Yorke, Frances Perry Graham

  • Person
  • fl. 1880-1911

Married to Thomas Yorke Dallas-Yorke, daughter of William Graham. Mother of the Duchess of Portland, close friend and correspondent of Victoria Welby.

Dallinger, Emma Ion

  • Person
  • 1842-1910

Emma Ion Goldsmith (1842-1910) was the daughter of David Goldsmith (1813–1860), an iron monger from Bury St. Edmunds. She married William Henry Dallinger on 18 December 1866. They had one child, son Percy Gough (1867-1930).

Dallinger, Rev. Dr. Wiliam Henry

(from Wikipedia entry)

Rev. Dr. William Henry Dallinger F.R.S. (July 5, 1839 – November 7, 1909) was a British minister in the Wesleyan Methodist Church. He was also an accomplished scientist, being the first to study the complete lifecycle of unicellular organisms under the microscope and studying the adaptation of such organisms to temperature.
He made numerous contributions to microscopy, and was president of the Quekett Microscopical Club from 1889 to 1892. Dallinger was awarded three honorary doctorates, the Ll.D. from Victoria College, Toronto in 1884, the D.Sc. from Dublin in 1892, and the D.L.C. from Durham in 1896.
Dallinger was married to Emma Ion Goldsmith (1842-1910). They had one child, son Percy Gough (1867-1930).

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Danny Grossman Dance Company

Founded in 1975 by Danny Grossman, the Danny Grossman Dance Company (DGDC) is a modern dance company that was legally incorporated as the Danny Williams Grossman Dance Company in 1977. Considered as one of Canada’s most popular modern-dance troupes, the company toured extensively in Canada and performed globally across Europe, Israel, South America, and the United States. It toured in more than seventeen countries and has appeared at major dance festivals including Jacob’s Pillow. Its mission is to provide the environment, opportunity and support for the creation, performance and preservation of works by Danny Grossman. The company’s artistic statement is to present dance that is about humanity: clear, concise, daring, and universal – not afraid of subject matter. The company’s repertoire of 30 original works reflects Danny Grossman’s personal values of equality, pacificism, honesty courage, social responsibility, sympathy for the underdog and a willingness to reveal demons.

During the first two years, four company dancers (Danny Grossman, Judy Hendon, Erik Bobrow, Greg Parks,) were also members of the Toronto Dance Theatre as dancers, apprentices, and students. Working under the umbrella of TDT, DGDC practised after hours and undertook extended residencies and performances at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia. Follow the success of Higher on tour to Miami and New York in 1976, the company was invited to perform at the New York Dance Festival, the Dance in Canada Conference in Halifax, and in the cultural festivities of the 21st Olympiad in Montreal in 1976.

By 1978 the company was established on a fulltime basis and would rehearse in the evenings at the National Ballet School studios. The six members DGDC (with Randy Glynn and Judith Miller joining the founding dancers) embarked on its first tour of Western Canada with Peter Sever as manager and Germain Pierce as wardrobe supervisor. Afterwards, the company moved to its own studio space on King Street, Hendon left and Pamela Grundy (who would later become Co-Artistic Director) and Trish Armstrong joined by audition.

In the 1980s, the company entered into an extended period of creative work to build a new repertoire in preparation for upcoming tours in North America and Europe. In 1988, the company expanded its repertoire to remount 15 revivals from Canadian artists (Patricia Beatty, Paula Ross, Lawrence Gradus, Judy Jarvis, Anna Blewchamp) and some American choreographers (Charles Weidman and Paul Taylor). Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, the company would performance and tour primarily in Canada.

The company has also collaborated and co-produced with artists of different techniques, cultures, and disciplines including Judy Jarvis, Lawrence Gradus, Rina Singha, and Brainerd Blyden-Taylor. Collaborations also assisted the company to maximise resources through initiatives such as For Dance and Opera (a joint booking project to meet tour management needs) and 509 Parliament St (joint studio space for Canadian Children’s Dance Theatre and independent artists). The company also belonged to Dance 2020 (workgroup of members of Toronto dance community to set priorities and visions for the future), Arts 4 Change (a program designed to create positive change for and by arts professionals in Toronto), and Artsvote (a campaign to educate local voters and politicians about issues in the cultural sector). The company also engaged in educational initiatives with local school groups, community groups, and undertook residency programs on tour.

With shrinking grants to fund operations, the company stopped performing in 2008 and shifted its focus on teaching and preserving Grossman’s choreography. The company travels to schools and teaches works to students at institutions such as Adelphi University.


  • Person

"Having lived on the road for more than twelve years, Darlene's music has evolved into a high art seasoned with styles ranging from European, Gypsy, and First Nations, to the roots of American folk music. Her vibrant and expressive style reveals a well-traveled performer whose music is imbued with an infective sense of spirit and joie de vivre that brings traditional and original music to life. With stories of characters along the roads, Darlene's rich, strong voice evokes a different character with every tale." Mariposa Folk Festival programme, 2009, p.45

Darwin, Prof. Francis

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir Francis "Frank" Darwin, FRS (16 August 1848 – 19 September 1925), a son of the British naturalist and scientist Charles Darwin, followed his father into botany. Francis Darwin was born in Down House, Downe, Kent in 1848. He was the third son and seventh child of Charles Darwin and his wife Emma.
Darwin went to Trinity College, Cambridge, first studying mathematics, then changing to natural sciences, graduating in 1870. He then went to study medicine at St George's Medical School, London, earning an MB in 1875, but did not practice medicine.
Darwin was married three times and widowed twice. First he married Amy Richenda Ruck in 1874, but she died in 1876 four days after the birth of their son Bernard Darwin, who was later to become a golf writer. In September 1883 he married Ellen Wordsworth Crofts (1856 - 1903) and they had a daughter Frances Crofts Darwin (1886–1960), a poet who married the poet Francis Cornford and became known under her married name. His third wife was Florence Henrietta Fisher, daughter of Herbert William Fisher and widow of Frederic William Maitland, whom he married in 1913, the year in which he was knighted. Her sister Adeline Fisher was the first wife of Darwin's second cousin once removed Ralph Vaughan Williams.

Francis Darwin worked with his father on experiments dealing with plant movements, specifically phototropism and they co-authored The Power of Movement in Plants (1880). Their experiments showed that the coleoptile of a young grass seedling directs its growth toward the light by comparing the responses of seedlings with covered and uncovered coleoptiles. These observations would later lead to the discovery of auxin.

Darwin was nominated by his father to the Linnean Society of London in 1875, and was elected as a Fellow of the Society on 2 December 1875. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 8 June 1882, the same year in which his father died. Darwin edited The Autobiography of Charles Darwin (1887), and produced some books of letters from the correspondence of Charles Darwin; The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin (1887) and More Letters of Charles Darwin (1905). He also edited Thomas Huxley's On the Reception of the Origin of Species (1887).

Cambridge University awarded him an honorary doctorate (DSc) in 1909. He also received honorary doctorates from Dublin, Liverpool, Sheffield, Brussels, St Andrews, Upsala, and Prague. He was knighted in 1913.

He is buried at in Cambridge. His daughter, Frances Cornford, was later buried with him.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davey, Donna

  • Person
  • 1940-

Donna Davey, writer, director, and producer, was born in Toronto on 22 July 1940. She was educated at the University of Toronto and studied theatre and acting at the Ken Gass Theatre Lab in 1961-1962. She worked in advertising from 1963 to 1967 before beginning her career in film as a field producer/director with the CBC in 1970 and was a production assistant and assistant director for TV Ontario from 1970 to 1973. Davey created her own company, Preece Productions, in 1974, which was later renamed Davey Productions after her maiden name. She has written, directed and produced numerous programs that have aired on VISION TV, CBC, TVO and other stations. Among her productions, "Helen Lucas ... her journey - our journey," was awarded the Gold Plaque for Best Documentary at the Chicago International Film Festival while "Locked in - locked out" won the Golden Sheaf in Canada and Special Jury Award from Women in the Director’s Chair, Chicago. Her other productions include "Michele Landsberg ... iron in her soul" and "The story of Job & family business," among others.

Davey, Michael

Michael Davey, Professor Emeritus, is a Canadian sculptor and visual artist who employs photograph, drawing and video and whose work often includes cast materials and found objects. His interests in landscape, industrial technology and the built environment find their way into his pieces.

Born in British Columbia, he completed an undergraduate degree in Fine Arts at York University in 1974 and a post-graduate Diploma in sculpture at the Edinburgh College of Art in Scotland in 1975. In Scotland, Davey received two years of Visual Arts Bursary awards and was the recipient of the sculpture award for Young Scottish Contemporaries.

Supported by the Canada Council and York University research grants, his works exhibited in public galleries and artist run spaces in Canada and the United States. His drawings were first exhibited at Mercer Union in 1981 and in New York in 1983-1984. His work was purchased by American artist Sol Lewitt in 1982.

In 1988, Davey joined the Costin and Klintworth Gallery until 1996. In 1997, he joined the Red Head Gallery. He mounted solo shows in 1998 and 1999 and the University of Toronto Art Centre, University College, gave him a catalogued, solo exhibition in 1998.

Davey has been on the board of Mercer Union from 1979-1986 (founding member), the Art Gallery of York University from 1999-2014, and the artists' Persona Volare from 2000 to 2006, and in Scotland (Edinburgh Printmakers' workshop in 1975-1978 and New 57 Gallery in 1977-1979).

In 1979 Davey joined York University and would be promoted to the rank of Professor Emeritus: Sculpture. He has held lectureships in sculpture at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Edinburgh College of Art, Scotland.

His most recent initiative is the establishment of the M9 Contemporary Art Centre on the Bruce Peninsula.

His work has been collected by the Art Bank of Canada, Scottish Museum of modern Art (Edinburgh, Scotland), Hamilton Art Gallery, Windsor Art Gallery, York University, Hockey Hall of Fame, Dan Donovan Collection, Canadian Museum of Civilization, and the Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, as well as private and corporate collections.

Davids, Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys

(from Wikipedia entry)

Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys Davids (1857–1942) was an English Pāli language scholar and translator, and from 1923-1942 president of the Pali Text Society which was founded by her husband T. W. Rhys Davids whom she married in 1894.
Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys Davids was born on 27 September 1857 in Wadhurst, East Sussex, England to John Foley and Caroline Elizabeth Foley (maiden name Caroline Elizabeth Windham). Caroline was born into a family with a long ecclesiastic history—her father, John Foley, served as the vicar of Wadhurst from 1847–88; her grandfather and great grandfather had served as rector of Holt, Worcestershire and vicar of Mordiford, Herefordshire, respectively. She studied at University College, London studying mainly economics, philosophy, and psychology. While studying there, she also began studying Sanskrit under Reinhold Rost. As a student, she was already a prolific writer and a vocal campaigner in the movements for poverty relief, children's rights, and women's suffrage. She completed her BA in 1886 and her MA in 1889.

Her records are held at the Senate House Libraries, University of London and Cambridge University. See: .
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davids, Dr. Thomas William Rhys

(from Wikipedia entry)

Thomas William Rhys Davids (12 May 1843 – 27 December 1922) was a British scholar of the Pāli language and founder of the Pali Text Society. In 1894 Rhys Davids married Caroline Augusta Foley, a noted Pāli scholar. Unlike his wife, however, Rhys Davids was a critic and opponent of Theosophy. They had three children. The eldest, Vivien, was involved in the Girl Guide movement and was a friend of Robert Baden-Powell. Their only son, Arthur Rhys Davids, was a Royal Flying Corps 25-victory fighter ace who was killed in World War I.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davidson, True, 1901-1978

Jean Gertrude "True" Davidson (1901-1978), author and politician, was born in Hudson, Quebec, attended Victoria College (Victoria University, Toronto) in 1917 where she earned her B.A., and received her M.A. from University of Toronto in 1925. Davdison was a school teacher, author of children's books, and an editor and sales agent for textbook publisher J.M. Dent and Sons. She was also a civic official prior to the start of her political career as a school trustee in East York, Ontario in 1947. She sat on the East York School Board for ten years and served as Alderwoman, Reeve (1960-1966), and mayor (1966-1971) on the East York Council for eleven years. Davidson was less successful in provincial politics, twice failing to win election as a Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) candidate in the 1950s, and as a Liberal candidate in 1971. Davidson was the author of several titles including, 'Canada in story and song,' (1927), 'Muses of the modern day and other days' (1931), and 'Golden strings,' (1973).

Day-Lewis, Cecil, 1904-1972

  • Person
  • 1904-1972

Cecil Day-Lewis [pseud. Nicholas Blake] was an Anglo-Irish poet and novelist.

Dear Sister

  • Corporate body

"This folk and roots trio have played everything from the Winnepg Folk Festival to a packed room in Toronto's iconic Cameria House. Raven Sheilds and Bri Salmena write the songs and play guitar, and Aaron Comeau backes them up with all the other intruments." (2012 MFF programme booklet)

Dehn, Tom

  • Person
  • fl.1906-1908

Denbigh, Earl Rudolph William Basil

(from Wikipedia entry)

Rudolph William Basil Feilding, 8th Earl of Denbigh, 7th Earl of Desmond (9 April 1823 – 10 March 1892) was a British peer, succeeding to his titles on the death in 1865 of his father, the 7th Earl of Denbigh. He was noted as a Roman Catholic convert, and founder of the Franciscan monastery at Pantasaph, North Wales. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was president of the University Pitt Club and took the degree of M.A. in 1844.

He was received into the Catholic Church in 1850, and took an active part in many Catholic works of charity under Cardinal Wiseman. As Viscount Feilding he was appointed honorary treasurer, jointly with Viscount Campden and Archibald J. Dunn, of the Peter's Pence Association. In 1850 he was appointed High Sheriff of Flintshire.

He married Mary Berkeley and had, among others, a son and successor Rudolph Feilding, 9th Earl of Denbigh (1859-1939); his second son Everard Feilding (1867-1936), Hon. Sec. of the Society for Psychical Research; and a daughter Lady Winefride Mary Elizabeth (24 September 1868 - 24 February 1959), who married, on 11 May 1889, to Gervase Elwes.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at:,_8th_Earl_of_Denbigh .

Denbigh, Lady Mary

Mary Berkeley was the daughter of Robert Berkeley and Henrietta Sophia Benfield.
Married 8th Earl of Denbigh, Rudolph William Basil Feilding on 29 September 1857. Assumed name of Countess of Denbigh and Desmond on 25 June 1865.
The couple had ten children:
Lady Clare Mary Henrietta Feilding (d. 26 May 1895); Lady Edith Mary Frances Feilding (d. 22 April 1918); Lady Hilda Feilding (d. 1866); :Lady Agnes Mary Feilding (d. 20 July 1921); Rudolph Robert Basil Aloysius Augustine Feilding, 9th Earl of Denbigh (26 May 1859-25 November 1939); Hon. Francis Henry Everard Joseph Feilding (6 March 1867 - 8 February 1936); Lady Winefride Mary Elizabeth Feilding (ca. 1869-24 February 1959); Very Rev. Monsignor Hon. Basil George Edward Vincent Feilding (13 July 1873 - 31 July 1906); Hon. Philip Feilding (5 December 1877 - 5 December 1877).
She died 3 June 1901.

Desh Pardesh

  • Q106610783
  • Corporate body
  • 1988-2001

Desh Pardesh was a multidisciplinary arts festival dedicated to providing a venue for underrepresented and marginalized voices within the South Asian diasporic community, particularly left wing and queer South Asian artists and academics. It operated from 1988 to 2001. The organization's mandate states: "Desh Pardesh is lesbian and gay positive, feminist, anti-racist, anti-imperialist and anti caste/classist. Desh exists to ensure that the voices and expressions of those constituencies in the South Asian community which are systematically silenced are provided with a community forum. In particular: independent artists, cultural producers and activists who are women, lesbians and gays, people with disabilities, working class people and seniors." Founded in the late 1989, the festival was originally conceived as "Salaam Toronto!" and administered by Khush, an association of South Asian gay men in Toronto. This day-long festival was held at 519 Community Centre in May, 1988. The Khush committee later developed into a coalition-based organizing committee to administer the newly named Desh Pardesh, which was held in March 1990, and was co-sponsored by Khush and The Euclid Theatre. Desh Pardesh was incorporated as a non-profit organization on April 7, 1994. In addition to organizing an annual summer conference and arts festival (featuring film screenings, workshops, issue-driven seminars, spoken work and literary readings, music, dance and performance art pieces), Desh Pardesh also hosted periodic arts development workshops, community outreach seminars, mini-festivals, art exhibits, and film retrospectives. It also served as a resource centre and referral service to various South Asian community groups and artists, cultural organizations and activists. In later years, Desh Pardesh worked in close collaboration with SAVAC (South Asian Visual Arts Collective). The Desh Pardesh festival and its administrative body closed in 2001 due to a financial crisis.

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