Showing 2625 results

Authority record

Courtney, William Leonard, 1850-1928

  • Person
  • 1850-1928

William Leonard Courtney (1850-1928) was an English author, born in Poona, India, and educated at Oxford. In 1873 he became headmaster of Somersetshire College, Bath, and in 1894 editor of the Fortnightly Review. In 1911 he married Janet Elizabeth Hogarth (Janet E. Courtney), a scholar, writer and feminist, born in Barton-on-Humber (27 November 1865 - 24 September 1954).

Cowan, Judith Elaine

  • Person

Judith Cowan, author, translator and professor, was born in Sydney, Nova Scotia. She received a BA in Modern Languages and Literature in 1965 and a MA in French Literature in 1969 from the University of Toronto. She received an MA in English Literature in 1970 from York University where she also lectured during the 1970-1971 academic year. She completed her PhD in Canadian comparative literature at l'Université de Sherbrooke in 1983. She has been a professor of Canadian, American and English Literature at l'Université de Quebec at Trois-Rivières since 1973. Cowan has translated numerous poems by Quebec writers for Ellipse magazine, a magazine that specializes in translations of Canadian literature. She has also translated whole works by authors such as Gérald Godin and Yves Préfontaine. She was awarded a Governor-General's Award in 2004 for "Mirabel," her translation of Pierre Nepveu's "Lignes aériennes." She has authored and published several collections of short stories, including "Gambler's Fallacy," and has several novels in progress.

Coxe, Richard Charles, 1800-1865

  • Person
  • 1800-1865

Richard Charles Coxe was an English churchman and author, archdeacon of Lindisfarne from 1853.

Craigie, Sir William Alexander

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir William Alexander Craigie (13 August 1867 – 2 September 1957) was a philologist and a lexicographer. A graduate of the University of St Andrews, he was the third editor of the Oxford English Dictionary and co-editor (with C. T. Onions) of the 1933 supplement. From 1916 to 1925 he was also Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Oxford. He married Jessie Kinmond Hutchen of Dundee, born 1864 or 65, died 1947, daughter of William. He lectured on lexicography at the University of Chicago while working on the Dictionary of American English and the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue,
a project he pioneered. Many twentieth-century American lexicographers studied under Craigie as a part of his lectureship, including Clarence Barnhart, Jess Stein, Woodford A. Heflin, Robert Ramsey, Louise Pound, and Allen Walker Read. Craigie was also fluent in Icelandic and an expert in the field of rímur. He made many valuable contributions in that field. His interest was awakened by a winter of study in Copenhagen, then the centre of Norse philology. He compiled the complete Oxford edition of Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales, with hitherto untranslated tales being supplied by his wife. He befriended many of the great Norse philologists of the time and came across séra Einar Guðmundsson's seventheenth-century Skotlands rímur, dealing with the Gowrie Conspiracy. Being a Scotsman himself, there was no way back, and he continued research in that field till the end of his life.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Crawford, Robert Pridham, 1923-1978

  • Person

Robert Pridham Crawford (1923-1978), engineer and college administrator, was educated at the University of Toronto and joined the International Nickel Company as an engineer in 1949. He remained with that firm in different capacities until 1967 when he was appointed president of Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology. Crawford was also a hobby farmer in the Barrie area, raising and boarding horses on his property, Gladhill Farm.

Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1926-2005

Robert (White) Creeley was an American poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, editor, and teacher.

Crichton-Brown, Sir James

(from Wikipedia entry)
Sir James Crichton-Browne MD FRS (29 November 1840 – 31 January 1938) was a leading British psychiatrist and medical psychologist. He is known for studies on the relationship of mental illness to brain injury and for the development of public health policies in relation to mental health. Crichton-Browne was the second son of the phrenologist Dr. William A.F. Browne.

Crichton-Browne was an author and orator, editor of the highly influential West Riding Lunatic Asylum Medical Reports (six volumes, 1871 to 1876), one of Charles Darwin's correspondents and collaborators - on The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) - and - like Duchenne de Boulogne and Hugh Welch Diamond - a pioneer of neuropsychiatric photography. Crichton-Browne was based at the West Riding Asylum in Wakefield from 1866 to 1875, and there he set up a unique asylum laboratory, establishing instruction in psychiatry for students from the nearby Leeds School of Medicine. In 1895, he delivered his celebrated Cavendish Lecture "On Dreamy Mental States" which attracted the disapproval of the American psychologist William James and in 1907 he summarized the conclusions of his neuropsychiatric research in his Royal Institution Lecture Dexterity and the Bend Sinister.

For more information, consult Wikipedia entry at: .

Crissall, William

  • Person
  • [17--?]

William Crissall [or Crysall] of Penlow, Essex.

Crosbie, Lynn, 1963-

Lynn Crosbie, writer and educator, was born in Montreal. She attended Dorval High School and Dawson College in Montreal before moving to Toronto, where she attended York University, obtaining a BA in English and Sociology in 1986 and an MA in English in 1987. Crosbie then attended the University of Toronto, earning a PhD in English in 1996. Her PhD thesis is entitled “Contextualizing Anne Sexton: confessional process and feminist practice in the Complete Poems”. Crosbie has been an instructor at the Ontario College of Art and Design/OCAD University, the University of Toronto, the Art Gallery of Ontario, the University of Guelph and York University, teaching courses in English literature, creative writing, and popular culture.

Crosbie began her literary career writing poetry. Her first book of poetry, Miss Pamela’s Mercy, was published in 1992, followed by VillainElle (1994), Pearl (1995), Queen Rat (1998), Missing Children (2003), Liar (2006), and The Corpses of the Future (2017). Her books of prose and fiction include Paul’s Case (1997), Dorothy L’Amour (1999), Life Is About Losing Everything (2012), Where Did You Sleep Last Night (2015), and Chicken (2018). She co-wrote Phoebe 2002: An Essay in Verse (2003) with Jeffery Conway and David Trinidad, and she is the editor of The Girl Wants To: Female Representations of Sex and the Body (1993) and Click: Becoming Feminists (1997).

Crosbie, also a prolific writer on popular culture, started freelance writing in the early 1990s. She has written features, reviews and columns for magazines, newspapers and literary journals including Maclean’s, the National Post, Fashion, Flare, This Magazine, Hazlitt, Quill and Quire, The Walrus, NOW, Saturday Night and Zoomer. Between 2002 and 2012, Crosbie’s column, “Pop Rocks”, appeared in the Globe and Mail’s Arts Section. She also wrote a column, “Critical Mass”, for the Toronto Star between 2000 and 2004 and a television column in Eye Weekly between 1999 and 2001.

Crosbie's story "The High Hard Ones", published in Saturday Night magazine, won the National Magazine Awards’ gold award for best fiction story in 2000, and her article "Lights Out", published in Fashion Magazine, won the silver award for best short feature in 2009. Her book, Where Did You Sleep Last Night, was shortlisted for the 2016 Trillium Book Award.

Crowe, Harry Sherman, 1922-1981

  • Person

Harry Sherman Crowe (1922-1981), educator, administrator and labour researcher, was affiliated with York University for the last fifteen years of his life as a professor and administrator of Atkinson College. He joined the Atkinson History Department in 1966 as professor and chairman (1966-1969) and was subsequently named dean of the college, 1969-1974. He later served a second term as dean, 1979-1981. Prior to his tenure at York, Crowe had been a professor at United College (now the University of Winnipeg) during the years, 1950-1959. At this time he became involved in a protracted dispute with the administration of the college which resulted in his dismissal in 1958. The dispute gained prominence as an example of the tenuous state of academic tenure in Canadian universities and proved to be instrumental in establishing the Canadian Association of University Teachers as an effective voice for the rights of university teachers. Following his career at United College, Crowe spent the years 1959-1966 as the director of research for the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport and General Workers and also served as a research associate with the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism. Crowe also had a strong attachment to the New Democratic Party of Canada and served as press agent and adviser to leader Tommy Douglas in a federal election campaign. Crowe was the author of several articles dealing with industrial relations, co-authored a textbook, 'A sourcebook of Canadian history,' edited the journal 'Middle East focus', and was a columnist for the Toronto telegram and Chatelaine magazine.


Cuff, Robert D.

Robert Dennis Cuff (1941-), educator and author, is a professor of history at York University (1978- ). Formerly, he taught at the University of Rochester (1967-1978) where he specialized in business-government relations and Canadian-American relations. He is co-author and editor of several works including 'Enterprise and national development (1971), 'The War Industries Board: business-government relations during World War I,' (1973), 'Canadian-American relations in wartime: From the Great War to the Cold War,' (1975) and 'An American history reader,' (1988).

Cumming, John, 1807-1881

  • Person
  • 1807-1881

John Cumming (November 10, 1807 – July 5, 1881) was a Scottish clergyman. In 1832, Cumming was appointed to the Crown Court Church in Covent Garden, London, a Church of Scotland congregation that catered for Scots living in London. He was a controversial figure in his day, with George Eliot being the most prominent figure to have written denouncing Cumming's anti-Catholicism, obsession with the End Times, and perceived intellectual dishonesty. Cumming retired in 1879. In total, he published approximately 180 books during his lifetime.

Curtius, Ernst, 1814-1896

  • Person
  • 1814-1896

Ernst Curtius (September 2, 1814 – July 11, 1896) was a German philologist, professor, archaeologist and historian. On completing his university studies he was chosen by C. A. Brandis to accompany him on a journey to Greece for the prosecution of archaeological researches. Curtius then became Otfried Müller's companion in his exploration of the Peloponnese, and on Müller's death in 1840 he returned to Germany. In 1844 he became an extraordinary professor (professor without chair) at the University of Berlin, and in the same year he was appointed tutor to Prince Frederick William (afterwards the Emperor Frederick III), a post which he held till 1850. After holding a professorship at Göttingen and undertaking a further journey to Greece in 1862, Curtius was appointed (in 1863) ordinary professor (professor with chair) at Berlin. In 1874 he was sent to Athens by the German government and there concluded an agreement by which the excavations at Olympia were entrusted exclusively to Germany.

Curtius, Georg, 1820-1885

  • Person
  • 1820-1885

Georg Curtius (April 16, 1820 – August 12, 1885) was a German philologist. After an education at Bonn and Berlin, he was a schoolmaster in Dresden from ca. 1842, until he returned to Berlin University as privatdocent in 1845. In 1849 he was placed in charge of the Philological Seminary at Prague, and two years later was appointed professor of classical philology in Prague University. In 1852, he moved from Prague to a similar appointment at Kiel, and again in 1862 from Kiel to Leipzig. Georg Curtius was the brother of the historian and archeologist Ernst Curtius.

Cust, Emmeline Mary Elizabeth

Emmeline (Nina) Cust (1867- I955), translator, editor, poet, and sculptor, was the daughter of Sir William Welby-Gregory fourth Baronet and Victoria Welby of Denton Manor, Grantham.

On 11 October 1893 she married Henry Cust (1861-1917), Unionist M.P. for the Stamford division of Lincolnshire (1890-5) and Bermondsey (1900-6) as well as editor of the Pall Mall Gazette in the 1890s.
The marriage was orchestrated by the family and Arthur Balfour, as Nina had become pregnant (some sources argue it was a hysterical pregnancy) after an affair with Cust, a notorious philanderer. Cust settled his wife in a home in Carlton House Terrace, but then appears to have abandoned her, for all intensive purposes. They did not have children.

Through her marriage, she became a member of 'The Souls,' the exclusive circle of young men and women, all prominent in public and social life, who formed the artistic avant-garde in English society in the 1880S and 90s.

Cust was the editor of two volumes of her mother's collected correspondence.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Cust, Henry John Cockayne

(from Wikipedia entry)

Henry John "Harry" Cockayne-Cust (10 October 1861 – 2 March 1917) was an English politician and editor who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Unionist Party. Cust was born to Sara Jane Cookson and Henry Cockayne-Cust, and was educated at Eton (where he was captain of the Oppidans) and Trinity College, Cambridge. While at Trinity College, he was elected to the Apostles and graduated with second-class honours in the Classical Tripos. Initially pursuing a legal career, Cust was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1888 but was not called. Instead he decided to enter Parliament, and won a by-election in 1890 for Stamford, Lincolnshire. He left Parliament at the general election of 1895, but returned five years later when he won a seat in the constituency of Bermondsey, remaining until 1906.
Cust was one of The Souls and was attached to Pamela Wyndham, who later married Edward Tennant. Others in the same clique were Margot Asquith, Arthur Balfour, George Nathaniel Curzon, Alfred Lyttelton, Godfrey Webb, and George Wyndham. Considered a brilliant conversationalist by his contemporaries, he had a reputation as a womaniser and was the natural father of the socialite and philanthropist Lady Diana Cooper, by the Duchess of Rutland, although this was not acknowledged until much later. Cust was also rumoured to be the father of Beatrice Stephenson, who became the mother of British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, and although there was no solid proof of this connection, Lady Diana Cooper often jokingly referred to Mrs. Thatcher as her niece.
In 1892, Cust met William Waldorf Astor, who invited him to edit the Pall Mall Gazette. Despite lacking any background in journalism, Cust immediately accepted. He soon transformed the newspaper into the best evening journal of the period, thanks in part to his securing such contributors as Rudyard Kipling and H. G. Wells. Yet Cust rejected contributions submitted by Astor himself, who had literary aspirations; and this, coupled with political disagreements, led to Cust's dismissal in February 1896.
After leaving the Pall Mall Gazette, Cust continued his career as an author. He wrote several poems, most notably "Non nobis domine". During World War I Cust was active in propaganda on behalf of the British Government. In August 1914, he founded the Central Committee for National Patriotic Organizations. He died in 1917 of a heart attack at his home in Hyde Park Gate, London. He was heir to the barony of Brownlow, a position which at his death fell to his brother, Adelbert Salusbury Cust (b. 1867). As the result of a purported pregnancy, he married in 1893 Emmeline Mary Elizabeth Welby-Gregory (1867–1955), known as Nina, who was the daughter of Victoria, Lady Welby. The pregnancy was either false or a misrepresentation, and the couple, whose marriage was thereafter contentious, did not have any children. Nina Cust was a translator and editor of her mother's papers. She and her husband are buried together in Belton, Lincolnshire, with a monument designed by her.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Czasch, Kurt (d. 1971)

  • Person

Kurt Czasch (d. 1971) was a captain in the German army (Regiment 12, Battalion 2, Paratroop Storm Regiment), and served in France, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Russia and Italy. His regiment was captured by the British in 1945. Czasch later emigrated to Canada and died in Montreal in 1982.


Dafoe, Frances

Frances Helen Dafoe (b. 1929) is a costume designer and former Olympic figure skater. A former World Figure Staking champion, she won a silver medal (for pairs with partner Norris Bowden) at the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. She was awarded the Order of Ontario in 1990 and the Order of Canada in 1991 in recognition of her contributions to costume design and sport in Canada. She is also a recipient of the Confederation medal and the Golden Jubilee medal.

Dafoe was a graduate of Branksome Hall and Central Technical High School in Toronto, where one of her teachers was artist Doris McCarthy. She also attended Parsons School of Design in New York.

After her retirement from professional figure skating, Dafoe worked a costume designer for the CBC, where she contributed to such television series and specials as "The Wayne and Shuster Show", "The Royal Canadian Air Farce", The NHL Awards, and various dance or figure-skating specials. She also designed the costumes for the closing ceremonies of the Olympic Winter Games in Calgary in 1988.

A long-time collaborator with choreographer Alan Lund, Dafoe worked on stage productions at the Charlottetown Festival, as well as performances by the Royal Winnipeg Ballet and numerous figure skating productions featuring Kurt Browning, Elizabeth Manley, Brian Orser and Toller Cranston.

Also a free-lance designer, Dafoe has created costumes for many professional performers, dancers and figure skaters, including Karen Kain, Michael Burgess, Alan Thicke, Al Waxman, Sharon, Lois & Bram, Kristi Yamaguchi, Scott Hamilton, Elvis Stojko, Isabelle Brasseur and Lloyd Lloyd Eisler, Katarina Witt, Elizabeth Manley and Kurt Browning.

Dafoe was nominated for a Gemini Award for costume design for such works as "Return to the beanstalk", "The true gift of Christmas", "I'll never go to heaven" and "You must remember this." She received an Ace award for costume design for her work on "Rich Little's Robin Hood", a Golden Gate award at the San Francisco International Film Festival for her work on "Strawberry ice" and a Prix Anik Award for her costume designs in the television productions of "Strawberry ice" and "Return to the beanstalk."

In 2011 Dafoe published a book "Figure skating: eight centuries of sport and inspiration." She is married and has two children.

Dallas Yorke, Frances Perry Graham

  • Person
  • fl. 1880-1911

Married to Thomas Yorke Dallas-Yorke, daughter of William Graham. Mother of the Duchess of Portland, close friend and correspondent of Victoria Welby.

Dallinger, Emma Ion

  • Person
  • 1842-1910

Emma Ion Goldsmith (1842-1910) was the daughter of David Goldsmith (1813–1860), an iron monger from Bury St. Edmunds. She married William Henry Dallinger on 18 December 1866. They had one child, son Percy Gough (1867-1930).

Dallinger, Rev. Dr. Wiliam Henry

(from Wikipedia entry)

Rev. Dr. William Henry Dallinger F.R.S. (July 5, 1839 – November 7, 1909) was a British minister in the Wesleyan Methodist Church. He was also an accomplished scientist, being the first to study the complete lifecycle of unicellular organisms under the microscope and studying the adaptation of such organisms to temperature.
He made numerous contributions to microscopy, and was president of the Quekett Microscopical Club from 1889 to 1892. Dallinger was awarded three honorary doctorates, the Ll.D. from Victoria College, Toronto in 1884, the D.Sc. from Dublin in 1892, and the D.L.C. from Durham in 1896.
Dallinger was married to Emma Ion Goldsmith (1842-1910). They had one child, son Percy Gough (1867-1930).

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Danny Grossman Dance Company

Founded in 1975 by Danny Grossman, the Danny Grossman Dance Company (DGDC) is a modern dance company that was legally incorporated as the Danny Williams Grossman Dance Company in 1977. Considered as one of Canada’s most popular modern-dance troupes, the company toured extensively in Canada and performed globally across Europe, Israel, South America, and the United States. It toured in more than seventeen countries and has appeared at major dance festivals including Jacob’s Pillow. Its mission is to provide the environment, opportunity and support for the creation, performance and preservation of works by Danny Grossman. The company’s artistic statement is to present dance that is about humanity: clear, concise, daring, and universal – not afraid of subject matter. The company’s repertoire of 30 original works reflects Danny Grossman’s personal values of equality, pacificism, honesty courage, social responsibility, sympathy for the underdog and a willingness to reveal demons.

During the first two years, four company dancers (Danny Grossman, Judy Hendon, Erik Bobrow, Greg Parks,) were also members of the Toronto Dance Theatre as dancers, apprentices, and students. Working under the umbrella of TDT, DGDC practised after hours and undertook extended residencies and performances at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia. Follow the success of Higher on tour to Miami and New York in 1976, the company was invited to perform at the New York Dance Festival, the Dance in Canada Conference in Halifax, and in the cultural festivities of the 21st Olympiad in Montreal in 1976.

By 1978 the company was established on a fulltime basis and would rehearse in the evenings at the National Ballet School studios. The six members DGDC (with Randy Glynn and Judith Miller joining the founding dancers) embarked on its first tour of Western Canada with Peter Sever as manager and Germain Pierce as wardrobe supervisor. Afterwards, the company moved to its own studio space on King Street, Hendon left and Pamela Grundy (who would later become Co-Artistic Director) and Trish Armstrong joined by audition.

In the 1980s, the company entered into an extended period of creative work to build a new repertoire in preparation for upcoming tours in North America and Europe. In 1988, the company expanded its repertoire to remount 15 revivals from Canadian artists (Patricia Beatty, Paula Ross, Lawrence Gradus, Judy Jarvis, Anna Blewchamp) and some American choreographers (Charles Weidman and Paul Taylor). Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, the company would performance and tour primarily in Canada.

The company has also collaborated and co-produced with artists of different techniques, cultures, and disciplines including Judy Jarvis, Lawrence Gradus, Rina Singha, and Brainerd Blyden-Taylor. Collaborations also assisted the company to maximise resources through initiatives such as For Dance and Opera (a joint booking project to meet tour management needs) and 509 Parliament St (joint studio space for Canadian Children’s Dance Theatre and independent artists). The company also belonged to Dance 2020 (workgroup of members of Toronto dance community to set priorities and visions for the future), Arts 4 Change (a program designed to create positive change for and by arts professionals in Toronto), and Artsvote (a campaign to educate local voters and politicians about issues in the cultural sector). The company also engaged in educational initiatives with local school groups, community groups, and undertook residency programs on tour.

With shrinking grants to fund operations, the company stopped performing in 2008 and shifted its focus on teaching and preserving Grossman’s choreography. The company travels to schools and teaches works to students at institutions such as Adelphi University.

Darwin, Prof. Francis

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir Francis "Frank" Darwin, FRS (16 August 1848 – 19 September 1925), a son of the British naturalist and scientist Charles Darwin, followed his father into botany. Francis Darwin was born in Down House, Downe, Kent in 1848. He was the third son and seventh child of Charles Darwin and his wife Emma.
Darwin went to Trinity College, Cambridge, first studying mathematics, then changing to natural sciences, graduating in 1870. He then went to study medicine at St George's Medical School, London, earning an MB in 1875, but did not practice medicine.
Darwin was married three times and widowed twice. First he married Amy Richenda Ruck in 1874, but she died in 1876 four days after the birth of their son Bernard Darwin, who was later to become a golf writer. In September 1883 he married Ellen Wordsworth Crofts (1856 - 1903) and they had a daughter Frances Crofts Darwin (1886–1960), a poet who married the poet Francis Cornford and became known under her married name. His third wife was Florence Henrietta Fisher, daughter of Herbert William Fisher and widow of Frederic William Maitland, whom he married in 1913, the year in which he was knighted. Her sister Adeline Fisher was the first wife of Darwin's second cousin once removed Ralph Vaughan Williams.

Francis Darwin worked with his father on experiments dealing with plant movements, specifically phototropism and they co-authored The Power of Movement in Plants (1880). Their experiments showed that the coleoptile of a young grass seedling directs its growth toward the light by comparing the responses of seedlings with covered and uncovered coleoptiles. These observations would later lead to the discovery of auxin.

Darwin was nominated by his father to the Linnean Society of London in 1875, and was elected as a Fellow of the Society on 2 December 1875. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 8 June 1882, the same year in which his father died. Darwin edited The Autobiography of Charles Darwin (1887), and produced some books of letters from the correspondence of Charles Darwin; The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin (1887) and More Letters of Charles Darwin (1905). He also edited Thomas Huxley's On the Reception of the Origin of Species (1887).

Cambridge University awarded him an honorary doctorate (DSc) in 1909. He also received honorary doctorates from Dublin, Liverpool, Sheffield, Brussels, St Andrews, Upsala, and Prague. He was knighted in 1913.

He is buried at in Cambridge. His daughter, Frances Cornford, was later buried with him.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davey, Donna

  • Person
  • 1940-

Donna Davey, writer, director, and producer, was born in Toronto on 22 July 1940. She was educated at the University of Toronto and studied theatre and acting at the Ken Gass Theatre Lab in 1961-1962. She worked in advertising from 1963 to 1967 before beginning her career in film as a field producer/director with the CBC in 1970 and was a production assistant and assistant director for TV Ontario from 1970 to 1973. Davey created her own company, Preece Productions, in 1974, which was later renamed Davey Productions after her maiden name. She has written, directed and produced numerous programs that have aired on VISION TV, CBC, TVO and other stations. Among her productions, "Helen Lucas ... her journey - our journey," was awarded the Gold Plaque for Best Documentary at the Chicago International Film Festival while "Locked in - locked out" won the Golden Sheaf in Canada and Special Jury Award from Women in the Director’s Chair, Chicago. Her other productions include "Michele Landsberg ... iron in her soul" and "The story of Job & family business," among others.

Davey, Michael

Michael Davey, Professor Emeritus, is a Canadian sculptor and visual artist who employs photograph, drawing and video and whose work often includes cast materials and found objects. His interests in landscape, industrial technology and the built environment find their way into his pieces.

Born in British Columbia, he completed an undergraduate degree in Fine Arts at York University in 1974 and a post-graduate Diploma in sculpture at the Edinburgh College of Art in Scotland in 1975. In Scotland, Davey received two years of Visual Arts Bursary awards and was the recipient of the sculpture award for Young Scottish Contemporaries.

Supported by the Canada Council and York University research grants, his works exhibited in public galleries and artist run spaces in Canada and the United States. His drawings were first exhibited at Mercer Union in 1981 and in New York in 1983-1984. His work was purchased by American artist Sol Lewitt in 1982.

In 1988, Davey joined the Costin and Klintworth Gallery until 1996. In 1997, he joined the Red Head Gallery. He mounted solo shows in 1998 and 1999 and the University of Toronto Art Centre, University College, gave him a catalogued, solo exhibition in 1998.

Davey has been on the board of Mercer Union from 1979-1986 (founding member), the Art Gallery of York University from 1999-2014, and the artists' Persona Volare from 2000 to 2006, and in Scotland (Edinburgh Printmakers' workshop in 1975-1978 and New 57 Gallery in 1977-1979).

In 1979 Davey joined York University and would be promoted to the rank of Professor Emeritus: Sculpture. He has held lectureships in sculpture at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Edinburgh College of Art, Scotland.

His most recent initiative is the establishment of the M9 Contemporary Art Centre on the Bruce Peninsula.

His work has been collected by the Art Bank of Canada, Scottish Museum of modern Art (Edinburgh, Scotland), Hamilton Art Gallery, Windsor Art Gallery, York University, Hockey Hall of Fame, Dan Donovan Collection, Canadian Museum of Civilization, and the Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, as well as private and corporate collections.

Davids, Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys

(from Wikipedia entry)

Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys Davids (1857–1942) was an English Pāli language scholar and translator, and from 1923-1942 president of the Pali Text Society which was founded by her husband T. W. Rhys Davids whom she married in 1894.
Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys Davids was born on 27 September 1857 in Wadhurst, East Sussex, England to John Foley and Caroline Elizabeth Foley (maiden name Caroline Elizabeth Windham). Caroline was born into a family with a long ecclesiastic history—her father, John Foley, served as the vicar of Wadhurst from 1847–88; her grandfather and great grandfather had served as rector of Holt, Worcestershire and vicar of Mordiford, Herefordshire, respectively. She studied at University College, London studying mainly economics, philosophy, and psychology. While studying there, she also began studying Sanskrit under Reinhold Rost. As a student, she was already a prolific writer and a vocal campaigner in the movements for poverty relief, children's rights, and women's suffrage. She completed her BA in 1886 and her MA in 1889.

Her records are held at the Senate House Libraries, University of London and Cambridge University. See: .
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davids, Dr. Thomas William Rhys

(from Wikipedia entry)

Thomas William Rhys Davids (12 May 1843 – 27 December 1922) was a British scholar of the Pāli language and founder of the Pali Text Society. In 1894 Rhys Davids married Caroline Augusta Foley, a noted Pāli scholar. Unlike his wife, however, Rhys Davids was a critic and opponent of Theosophy. They had three children. The eldest, Vivien, was involved in the Girl Guide movement and was a friend of Robert Baden-Powell. Their only son, Arthur Rhys Davids, was a Royal Flying Corps 25-victory fighter ace who was killed in World War I.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Davidson, True, 1901-1978

Jean Gertrude "True" Davidson (1901-1978), author and politician, was born in Hudson, Quebec, attended Victoria College (Victoria University, Toronto) in 1917 where she earned her B.A., and received her M.A. from University of Toronto in 1925. Davdison was a school teacher, author of children's books, and an editor and sales agent for textbook publisher J.M. Dent and Sons. She was also a civic official prior to the start of her political career as a school trustee in East York, Ontario in 1947. She sat on the East York School Board for ten years and served as Alderwoman, Reeve (1960-1966), and mayor (1966-1971) on the East York Council for eleven years. Davidson was less successful in provincial politics, twice failing to win election as a Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) candidate in the 1950s, and as a Liberal candidate in 1971. Davidson was the author of several titles including, 'Canada in story and song,' (1927), 'Muses of the modern day and other days' (1931), and 'Golden strings,' (1973).

Day-Lewis, Cecil, 1904-1972

  • Person
  • 1904-1972

Cecil Day-Lewis [pseud. Nicholas Blake] was an Anglo-Irish poet and novelist.

Dehn, Tom

  • Person
  • fl.1906-1908

Denbigh, Earl Rudolph William Basil

(from Wikipedia entry)

Rudolph William Basil Feilding, 8th Earl of Denbigh, 7th Earl of Desmond (9 April 1823 – 10 March 1892) was a British peer, succeeding to his titles on the death in 1865 of his father, the 7th Earl of Denbigh. He was noted as a Roman Catholic convert, and founder of the Franciscan monastery at Pantasaph, North Wales. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was president of the University Pitt Club and took the degree of M.A. in 1844.

He was received into the Catholic Church in 1850, and took an active part in many Catholic works of charity under Cardinal Wiseman. As Viscount Feilding he was appointed honorary treasurer, jointly with Viscount Campden and Archibald J. Dunn, of the Peter's Pence Association. In 1850 he was appointed High Sheriff of Flintshire.

He married Mary Berkeley and had, among others, a son and successor Rudolph Feilding, 9th Earl of Denbigh (1859-1939); his second son Everard Feilding (1867-1936), Hon. Sec. of the Society for Psychical Research; and a daughter Lady Winefride Mary Elizabeth (24 September 1868 - 24 February 1959), who married, on 11 May 1889, to Gervase Elwes.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at:,_8th_Earl_of_Denbigh .

Denbigh, Lady Mary

Mary Berkeley was the daughter of Robert Berkeley and Henrietta Sophia Benfield.
Married 8th Earl of Denbigh, Rudolph William Basil Feilding on 29 September 1857. Assumed name of Countess of Denbigh and Desmond on 25 June 1865.
The couple had ten children:
Lady Clare Mary Henrietta Feilding (d. 26 May 1895); Lady Edith Mary Frances Feilding (d. 22 April 1918); Lady Hilda Feilding (d. 1866); :Lady Agnes Mary Feilding (d. 20 July 1921); Rudolph Robert Basil Aloysius Augustine Feilding, 9th Earl of Denbigh (26 May 1859-25 November 1939); Hon. Francis Henry Everard Joseph Feilding (6 March 1867 - 8 February 1936); Lady Winefride Mary Elizabeth Feilding (ca. 1869-24 February 1959); Very Rev. Monsignor Hon. Basil George Edward Vincent Feilding (13 July 1873 - 31 July 1906); Hon. Philip Feilding (5 December 1877 - 5 December 1877).
She died 3 June 1901.

Desh Pardesh

  • Q106610783
  • Corporate body
  • 1988-2001

Desh Pardesh was a multidisciplinary arts festival dedicated to providing a venue for underrepresented and marginalized voices within the South Asian diasporic community, particularly left wing and queer South Asian artists and academics. It operated from 1988 to 2001. The organization's mandate states: "Desh Pardesh is lesbian and gay positive, feminist, anti-racist, anti-imperialist and anti caste/classist. Desh exists to ensure that the voices and expressions of those constituencies in the South Asian community which are systematically silenced are provided with a community forum. In particular: independent artists, cultural producers and activists who are women, lesbians and gays, people with disabilities, working class people and seniors." Founded in the late 1989, the festival was originally conceived as "Salaam Toronto!" and administered by Khush, an association of South Asian gay men in Toronto. This day-long festival was held at 519 Community Centre in May, 1988. The Khush committee later developed into a coalition-based organizing committee to administer the newly named Desh Pardesh, which was held in March 1990, and was co-sponsored by Khush and The Euclid Theatre. Desh Pardesh was incorporated as a non-profit organization on April 7, 1994. In addition to organizing an annual summer conference and arts festival (featuring film screenings, workshops, issue-driven seminars, spoken work and literary readings, music, dance and performance art pieces), Desh Pardesh also hosted periodic arts development workshops, community outreach seminars, mini-festivals, art exhibits, and film retrospectives. It also served as a resource centre and referral service to various South Asian community groups and artists, cultural organizations and activists. In later years, Desh Pardesh worked in close collaboration with SAVAC (South Asian Visual Arts Collective). The Desh Pardesh festival and its administrative body closed in 2001 due to a financial crisis.

Devine, Alexander

(from Wikipedia entry)

Alexander Devine (often Lex.) (19 December 1865—26 December 1930) was a British educator and activist for Montenegrin independence.

He became involved in social work at an early point, founding the Lads' Club Movement in 1887. He was an advocate for public school reform, and, in 1895, founded Clayesmore School in Middlesex.

He was a special correspondent for the Daily Chronicle covering the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, and the First Balkan War.

During the First World War, he organised relief for Montenegro and for Montenegrin refugees, in 1920 serving as Chairman of the British Relief Committee to Montenegro. He had a strong interest in Montenegrin nationalism, and published a number of books on the subject; he was at one point Honorary Minister for Montenegro in London. He was the uncle of George Devine, the actor, theatre director, and founder of the English Stage Company.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Dharmapala, Anagarika

(from Wikipedia entry)

Anagarika Dharmapala (Sinhala: අනගාරික ධර්මපාල; 17 September 1864 - 29 April 1933) was a Sri Lankan Buddhist revivalist and writer. He was one of the founding contributors of non-violent Sinhalese Buddhist Nationalism and Buddhism. He was also a pioneer in the revival of Buddhism in India after it had been virtually extinct there for several centuries, and he was the first Buddhist in modern times to preach the Dharma in three continents: Asia, North America, and Europe. Along with Henry Steel Olcott and Helena Blavatsky, the creators of the Theosophical Society, he was a major reformer and revivalist of Ceylonese Buddhism and very crucial figure in its Western transmission. Dharmapala is one of the most revered Buddhists in the 20th century.

Born 17 September 1864 in Colombo, Ceylon to Don Carolis Hewavitharana and Mallika Dharmagunawardhana (the daughter of Andiris Perera Dharmagunawardhana), who were among the richest merchants of Ceylon at the time. He was named Don David Hewavitharane. His younger brothers were Dr Charles Alwis Hewavitharana and Edmund Hewavitarne.

Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) was a British colony, so Hewavitarne's state education was an English one: he attended Christian College, Kotte; St Benedict's College, Kotahena; S. Thomas' College, Mutwal and the Colombo Academy (Royal College).

In 1875 in New York, Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott had founded the Theosophical Society. They were both very sympathetic to what they understood of Buddhism, and in 1880 they arrived in Ceylon, declared themselves to be Buddhists, and publicly took the Refuges and Precepts from a prominent Sinhalese bhikkhu. Colonel Olcott kept coming back to Ceylon and devoted himself there to the cause of Buddhist education, eventually setting up more than 300 Buddhist schools, some of which are still in existence. It was in this period that Hewavitarne changed his name to Anagarika Dharmapala.

'Dharmapala' means 'protector of the dharma'. 'Anagarika' means "homeless one". It is a midway status between monk and layperson. As such, he took the eight precepts (refrain from killing, stealing, sexual activity, wrong speech, intoxicating drinks and drugs, eating after noon, entertainments and fashionable attire, and luxurious beds) for life. These eight precepts were commonly taken by Ceylonese laypeople on observance days. But for a person to take them for life was highly unusual. Dharmapala was the first anagarika - that is, a celibate, full-time worker for Buddhism - in modern times. It seems that he took a vow of celibacy at the age of eight and remained faithful to it all his life. Although he wore a yellow robe, it was not of the traditional bhikkhu pattern, and he did not shave his head. He felt that the observance of all the vinaya rules would get in the way of his work, especially as he flew around the world. Neither the title nor the office became popular, but in this role, he "was the model for lay activism in modernist Buddhism." He is considered a bodhisattva in Sri Lanka.

His trip to Bodh-Gaya was inspired by an 1885 visit there by Sir Edwin Arnold, author of The Light of Asia, who soon started advocating for the renovation of the site and its return to Buddhist care. Arnold was directed towards this endeavour by Weligama Sri Sumangala Thera.

At the invitation of Paul Carus, he returned to the U.S. in 1896, and again in 1902-04, where he traveled and taught widely.

Dharmapala eventually broke with Olcott and the Theosophists because of Olcott's stance on universal religion. "One of the important factors in his rejection of theosophy centered on this issue of universalism; the price of Buddhism being assimilated into a non-Buddhist model of truth was ultimately too high for him." Dharmapala stated that Theosophy was "only consolidating Krishna worship." "To say that all religions have a common foundation only shows the ignorance of the speaker; Dharma alone is supreme to the Buddhist."

At Sarnath in 1933 he was ordained a bhikkhu, and he died at Sarnath in December of the same year, aged 68.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Dickinson, G. Lowes

(from Wikipedia entry)

Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (6 August 1862 – 3 August 1932), known as Goldie, was a British political scientist and philosopher. He led most of his life at Cambridge, where he wrote a dissertation on Neoplatonism before becoming a fellow. He was closely associated with the Bloomsbury Group.

Dickinson was deeply distressed by Britain's involvement in the First World War. Within a fortnight of the war's breaking out he drew up the idea of a League of Nations, and his subsequent writings helped to shape public opinion towards the creation of the League.

Dickinson was born in London, the son of Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819–1908), a portrait painter, by his marriage to Margaret Ellen Williams, a daughter of William Smith Williams who was literary advisor to Smith, Elder & Company and had discovered Charlotte Brontë. When the boy was about one year old his family moved to the Spring Cottage in Hanwell, then a country village. The family also included his brother, Arthur, three years older, an older sister, May, and two younger sisters, Hester and Janet.

His education included attendance at a day school in Somerset Street, Portman Square, when he was ten or eleven. At about the age of twelve he was sent to Beomonds, a boarding school in Chertsey, and his teenage years from 14 to 19 were spent at Charterhouse School in Godalming, where his brother Arthur had preceded him. He was unhappy at Charterhouse, although he enjoyed seeing plays put on by visiting actors, and he played the violin in the school orchestra. While he was there, his family moved from Hanwell to a house behind All Souls Church in Langham Place.

In 1881 Dickinson went up to King's College, Cambridge, as an exhibitioner, where his brother, Arthur, had again preceded him. Near the end of his first year he received a telegram informing him that his mother had died from asthma. During his college years, his tutor, Oscar Browning, was a strong influence on him, and Dickinson became a close friend of his fellow King's undergraduate C. R. Ashbee. Dickinson won the chancellor's English medal in 1884 for a poem on Savonarola, and in graduating that summer he was awarded a first-class degree in the Classical Tripos.

After travelling in the Netherlands and Germany, Dickinson returned to Cambridge late that year and was elected to the Cambridge Conversazione Society, better known as the Cambridge Apostles. In a year or two he was part of the circle that included Roger Fry, J. M. E. McTaggart, and Nathaniel Wedd.

In the summer of 1885 he worked at a co-operative farm, Craig Farm at Tilford near Farnham in Surrey. The farm had been started by Harold Cox as an experiment in simple living. Dickinson was proud of his hoeing, digging, and ploughing. That autumn, and continuing to the spring of 1886, Dickinson joined the University Extension Scheme to give public lectures that covered Carlyle, Emerson, Browning, and Tennyson. He toured the country, living for a term at Mansfield and for a second term at Chester and Southport. He spent a brief time in Wales afterwards.

With financial help from his father, Dickinson then began to study for a medical degree, beginning in October 1886 at Cambridge. Although he became dissatisfied with his new subject and nearly decided to drop out, he persevered and passed his M.B. examinations in 1887 and 1888. Yet he finally decided he was not interested in a career in medicine.

In March 1887 a dissertation on Plotinus helped his election to a fellowship at King's College. During Roger Fry's last year at Cambridge (1887–1888), Dickinson, a homosexual,[4] fell in love with him. After an initially intense relationship (which according to Dickinson's biography didn't include sex with Fry, a heterosexual), the two established a long friendship. Through Fry, Dickinson soon met Jack McTaggart and F. C. S. Schiller.

Dickinson then settled down at Cambridge, although he again lectured through the University Extension Scheme, travelling to Newcastle, Leicester, and Norwich. His fellowship at King's College (as an historian) was permanently renewed in 1896. That year his book The Greek View of Life was published. He later wrote a number of dialogues in the Socratic tradition.

Dickinson was a lecturer in political science from 1886 to his retirement in 1920, and the college librarian from 1893 to 1896. Dickinson helped establish the Economics and Politics Tripos and taught political science within the University. For 15 years he also lectured at the London School of Economics.

In 1897 he made his first trip to Greece, travelling with Nathaniel Wedd, Robin Mayor, and A. M. Daniel.

He joined the Society of Psychical Research in 1890, and served on its Council from 1904 to 1920.

In 1903 he helped to found the Independent Review. Edward Jenks was editor, and members of its editorial board included Dickinson, F. W. Hirst, C. F. G. Masterman, G. M. Trevelyan, and Nathaniel Wedd. Fry designed the front cover. Over the years Dickinson contributed a number of articles to it, some later reprinted in Religion: A Criticism and a Forecast (1905) and Religion and Immortality (1911).

E. M. Forster, by then a good friend, who had been influenced by Dickinson's books, accepted the appointment as Dickinson's literary executor. Dickinson's sisters then asked Forster to write their brother's biography, which was published as Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson in 1934. Forster has been criticised for refraining from publishing details of Dickinson's sexual proclivities, including his foot fetishism and unrequited love for young men.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: and .

Dicksee, Sir Francis Bernard

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir Francis Bernard Dicksee PRA KCVO (London 27 November 1853 – 17 October 1928) was an English Victorian painter and illustrator, best known for his pictures of dramatic literary, historical, and legendary scenes. He also was a noted painter of portraits of fashionable women, which helped to bring him success in his own time.

For more information, see: .

Dixon, Walter

  • Person
  • 1870-1937

Most likely the pharmacologist, Walter Earnest Dixon .

Dod, Charles Roger Phipps, 1793-1855

  • Person
  • 1793-1855

Charles Roger Phipps Dod (1793–1855) was an Irish journalist and writer, known for his reference works including the Parliamentary Companion. He entered King's Inns, Dublin, 30 July 1816, with the intention of studying for the bar, but became a writer. Until 1847 he spelt his name Dodd, but after that time he resumed his proper name, Dod, as borne by his father and his ancestors, the Dods of Cloverley, Shropshire. After having been part proprietor and editor of a provincial journal, Dod settled in London in 1818, where for 23 years he was connected with The Times. He took charge of the reports of parliamentary debates, managed reporters, and wrote obituaries to order. He succeeded John Tyas as the compiler of the summary of debates for The Times originated by Horace Twiss.

Donkin, Edward H.

Listed as the co-editor of a 1917 edition of Cicero's "Pro Sexto Roscio Amerino oratio ad iudices" along with Karl Helm. Also published "Suggestions on aesthetics" in "Mind" 6 (24):511-525 (1897) .
Described by Welby as a classicist?

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