Title and statement of responsibility area
Philip J. Jaffe collection
General material designation
- Textual record
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Edition statement of responsibility
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
- Jaffe, Philip J.
Physical description area
0.05 m of textual records
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Name of creator
Philip J. Jaffe was an American businessman resident in New York who took a special interest in Communist parties and governments in the Soviet Union, China, Southeast Asia (including India), as well as the Communist Party of the United States. He was a book collector and author of several studies on communism. The Workers' Party, formed in 1921, was a successor to the Communist Party of America, a largely foreign-language dominated communist body which itself split-off from the Socialist Party in 1919. The Communist Party of the United States was founded in 1921 and, although it has contested American presidential and other elections, its strength has largely been confined to those involved in the labour and civil rights movements, and among students on university campuses. It reached its zenith, in terms of popular support, during the 1930s and 1940s. The party was influential in the establishment of the CIO and benefitted from the US-Soviet alliance in the Second World War. The Cold War diminished the strength and resources of the Party as did the revelations of Stalin's policies in the USSR.
This material was acquired by the York University Libraries from the collection of Philip J. Jaffe in 1970. It was deposited by the Libraries in York University Archives in October, 1980.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of minutes of the Political Committee, the Central Executive Committee, and the Secretariat of the Workers' (Communist) Party of the United States, 1926-1929.
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Restrictions on access
No restrictions on access.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
File list appended as a .PDF document.
The fonds comprises the following accession: 1980-012. Further accruals are expected.
Formerly known as Philip J. Jaffe fonds (F0332).
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Dates of creation, revision and deletion
2002/04/04 Jizi Chen:. Word Perfect (Creation)
2002/04/04 Awaiting review by the Data Collection Archivist
2003/04/29 Shannon MacDonald. Added URL for online finding aid. Updated wording in accruals, access restrictions, extent.
2014/07/22 Migrated to AtoM
2018/04/09 KCP. Added GMD and finding aid note, fixed dates, changed level of description to 'collection', and published.
2018/11/13 KCP. Uploaded legacy finding aid.