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- Westermarck, Edvard, 1862-1939
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(from Wikipedia and ODNB)
Edvard Alexander Westermarck (20 November 1862 – 3 September 1939) was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo.
The phenomenon of reverse sexual imprinting is when two people live in close domestic proximity during the first few years in the life of either one, and both become desensitised to sexual attraction, now known as the Westermarck effect, was first formally described by him in his book The History of Human Marriage (1891).
He has been described as "first Darwinian sociologist" or "the first sociobiologist".
He helped found academic sociology in the United Kingdom, becoming the first professor of sociology (with Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse) in 1907 in the University of London.
In the UK, his name is often spelled Edward. His sister, Helena Westermarck, was a writer and artist.
His published works include:
1891: The History of Human Marriage. 3 Vol, Macmillan, London.
1906: The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas. 2 Vol, MacMillan, London
1907: Siveys ja kristinusko: Esitelmä. Ylioppilasyhdistys Prometheus, Helsinki.
1914: Marriage Ceremonies in Morocco. Macmillan, London.
1919: Tapojen historiaa: Kuusi akadeemista esitelmää: Pitänyt Turussa syksyllä 1911 Edward Westermarck. 2nd edition. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura, Helsinki.
1926: Ritual and Belief in Morocco. 2 Vol.
1926: A short History of Human Marriage. Macmillan, London.
1930: Wit and Wisdom in Morocco. Routledge, London.
1932: Ethical Relativity.
1932: Avioliiton historia. WSOY, Helsinki.
1932: Early Beliefs and Their Social Influence. London: Macmillan.
1933: Pagan Survivals in Mohammedan Civilisation. London: Macmillan.
1933: Moraalin synty ja kehitys. WSOY, Helsinki.
1934: Three Essays on Sex and Marriage. Macmillan, London.
1934: Freuds teori on Oedipuskomplexen i sociologisk belysning. Vetenskap och bildning, 45. Bonnier, Stockholm.
1936: The future of Marriage in Western Civilisation. Macmillan, London.
1937: "Forward" in The Wandering Spirit: A Study of Human Migration. Macmillan, London
1939: Kristinusko ja moraali (Christianity and Morals). Otava, Helsinki.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edvard_Westermarck and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
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Timothy Stroup, ‘Westermarck, Edvard Alexander (1862–1939)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/view/article/75491, accessed 24 March 2016].