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Authority record

Barrie, J. M.

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, OM (9 May 1860 – 19 June 1937) was a Scottish author and dramatist, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan. The child of a family of small-town weavers, he was educated in Scotland. He moved to London, where he developed a career as a novelist and playwright. There he met the Llewelyn Davies boys who inspired him in writing about a baby boy who has magical adventures in Kensington Gardens (included in The Little White Bird), then to write Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, a "fairy play" about this ageless boy and an ordinary girl named Wendy who have adventures in the fantasy setting of Neverland. This play quickly overshadowed his previous work and although he continued to write successfully, it became his best-known work, credited with popularising the name Wendy, which was very uncommon previously. Barrie unofficially adopted the Davies boys following the deaths of their parents.

Barrie was made a baronet by George V in 1913, and a member of the Order of Merit in 1922. Before his death, he gave the rights to the Peter Pan works to London's Great Ormond Street Hospital, which continues to benefit from them.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._M._Barrie .

Bartlett family

  • F0122
  • Family
  • fl. 1900-1980

The Bartlett family was based in Plymouth, England. Thomas Bartlett and his wife Florence Emily Fortune had four sons, Alan, Edward, Richard and Jack. Thomas died during the flu epidemic in 1920 and his son Alan died of flu in 1926. During WWI Florence served as a nurse in Plymouth. The remaining Bartlett sons emigrated to Canada with their mother and settled in Ontario. All three sons served during WWII.

Ernest Henry Bartlett enrolled in the navy in England in the 1920s but influenza kept him from serving. Once in Canada he found work on a Great Lakes freighter before illness forced him to resign. He eventually found work as a journalist with the Toronto Telegram from 1924 to 1969, where he was the local expert on naval issues. He became the paper’s travel editor in 1962.

Ernest enlisted as a public relations officer and war correspondent with the Canadian navy in WWII. He filed news reports on the war effort in the Pacific and Atlantic.

On 14 August 1943, the motor torpedo boat that Bartlett was aboard was shelled in the Straits of Messina between Sicily and Calabria. He and his shipmates were captured and sent to a German POW camp in Marlag und Milag Nord. The camp was liberated 2 May 1946.

Jack Fortune Bartlett was also a war correspondent with the Toronto Telegram and the Galt Reporter in Cambridge, ON. During the war, he served with the Highland Light Infantry and was wounded in Holland. He later wrote a history of the Highland Light Infantry.

Richard Lear Bartlett served overseas in the 14th Canadian Army Tank Regiment.

Bartlett, E. H. (Ernest Henry), 1903-

  • F0122
  • Person
  • 1903-23 January 1975

Ernest Henry Bartlett was a journalist, military officer and travel writer.
Born in 1903, Bartlett was the son of Florence Emily Fortune and Thomas Edward Lear Bartlett of Plymouth, Devon, England. He emigrated to Canada with his mother and two brothers in 1932.
He enrolled in the navy in England in the 1920s but influenza kept him from serving. Once in Canada he found work on a Great Lakes freighter before illness forced him to resign. He eventually found work as a journalist with the Toronto Telegram from 1924 to 1969, where he was the local expert on naval issues. He became the paper’s travel editor in 1962.

Ernest enlisted as a public relations officer and war correspondent with the Canadian navy during World War II. He filed news reports on the war effort in the Pacific and Atlantic. On 14 August 1943, the motor torpedo boat that Bartlett was aboard was shelled in the Straits of Messina between Sicily and Calabria. He and his shipmates were captured and sent to a German POW camp in Marlag und Milag Nord. The camp was liberated 2 May 1946.
Bartlett returned to his career as a journalist, acting as the Toronto Telegram's feature editor, and later travel editor, including hosting a Telegram sponsored TV travel show on Channel 9 in Toronto.
Bartlett never married, instead shared a home with his mother Florence, and his younger brother Jack in Pickering, Ontario.
He died in Scarborough Centenary Hospital 23 January 1975.

Bartlett, Florence Emily Fortune

  • Person
  • 1873-19 December 1957

Mrs. Florence Emily Fortune Bartlett was born in Swindown, Wiltshire, England, one of seven sisters. She was brought up in Bath, Somersetshire, and after her marriage to Thomas Edward Lear Bartlett, the couple moved to Plymouth, Deveon. During World War I, she served as a nurse with the American YMCA in Plymouth. She lost her husband during the 1920 flu epidemic in England. Her son Thomas Alan also died of flu in 1926. She emigrated to Canada in 1932 with her three remaining sons, settling in the Fallingbrook district.
She moved to Pickering in 1947 and died there on 19 December 1957 at the age of 84.

Bartlett, Jack Fortune

  • Person
  • 1909 - 29 March 1968

Jack Fortune Bartlett was the youngest son of Florence Emily Fortune Bartlett and her husband Thomas Edward Lear Bartlett. Born in 1909, Bartlett emigrated to Canada with his brothers and mother in 1932. Similar to his brother Ernest, Jack served as a war correspondent with the Toronto Telegram and the Galt Reporter in Cambridge, ON. During World War II, he served with the Highland Light Infantry and was wounded in Holland. He later wrote a history of the Highland Light Infantry. He died 29 March 1968 in Pickering, Ontario.

Bartlett, Richard Lear

  • Person
  • -6 November 1962

Richard Lear Bartlett was the eldest surviving son of Florence Emily Fortune and Thomas Edward Lear Bartlett of Plymouth, England. He emigrated to Canada with his family in 1932. He served overseas in the 14th Canadian Army Tank Regiment, and later lived in Mimico, Ontario. He married a woman named Isobel. He died 6 November 1962 in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Bateson, William

(from Wikipedia entry)

William Bateson (Robin Hood's Bay, 8 August 1861 – 8 February 1926) was an English geneticist and a Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. He was the first person to use the term genetics to describe the study of heredity and biological inheritance, and the chief populariser of the ideas of Gregor Mendel following their rediscovery in 1900 by Hugo de Vriesand Carl Correns. In his later years he was a friend and confidant of the German Erwin Baur. Their correspondence includes their discussion of eugenics.

His son was the anthropologist and cyberneticist Gregory Bateson.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Bateson .

Battle, Rex, 1895-1967

Rex Battle, pianist, conductor and composer, was born in London, England, in 1895. As a child, he studied piano under Vlahol Budmani, the court pianist to Edward VII, who later presented Battle at Buckingham Palace before King George V and Queen Mary when he was eight years old. Favoured by the Queen, Battle was invited back by her several times to play duets, as well as the Cowes' regatta and with Landon Ronald's Symphony Orchestra. Considered a child prodigy, Battle soon studied the organ under E.H. Thorne. At age fifteen, Battle played in concert tours across Australia before moving to New York, where he assisted Sigmund Romberg in the production of operettas. At one point, Battle specialized in music for hotels and played at the Astor, Ambassador and McAlpin hotels in New York. He remained in New York for nearly a decade, until his radio debut with a series of broadcasts featured in 1921 on WWJ, Detroit. He was then hired as the musical director at the Mount Royal Hotel in Montreal in 1922. Battle stayed there for seven years, at the time also making recordings as a pianist and conductor for Apex records. Battle then moved to Toronto, where he became the conductor for the Royal York Hotel Concert Orchestra in Toronto, and remained there until 1938. During that time, his orchestra's music was played over the NBC network in the United States for several years. In 1934, Battle formed one of Canada's first jazz bands, influencing Toronto's music scene with the big band style and acquiring both local and national prominence during the 1930s and 1940s. Battle returned to New York in 1941 to play a Town Hall concert and remained there for three years performing, conducting, and studying piano with Moriz Rosenthal and Hedwig Kanner-Rosenthal. When the war began and he was unable to tour, Battle returned to Toronto to join the Promenade Symphony Concerts as a pianist in 1941, and focus on his radio career. Between 1943 and 1956, Battle was the music director and conductor of CBC radio's "Singing stars of tomorrow," and toured the country looking for young talent. Battle composed a short orchestral piece called "Simon says 'thumbs up'," as well as pieces for piano, violin, and voice. In the early 1960s, Battle and his wife moved to Richmond Hill, where Battle continued to remain a part of Toronto's music scene. Beginning in 1962, Battle began performing with young opera singers at Toronto's Gaslight Restaurant and was a frequent customer and performer there for the next few years. Rex Battle died in 1967.

Bayly, Ada Ellen

(from Wikipedia entry)

Ada Ellen Bayly (March 25, 1857 - February 8, 1903), a.k.a. Edna Lyall, was an English novelist. Bayly was born in Brighton, the youngest of four children of a barrister. At an early age, she lost both her parents and she spent her youth with an uncle in Surrey and in a Brighton private school. Bayly never married and she seems to have spent her adult life living with her two married sisters and her brother, a clergyman in Bosbury in Herefordshire. In 1879, she published her first novel, Won by Waiting, under the pen name of "Edna Lyall" (apparently derived from transposing letters from Ada Ellen Bayly). The book was not a success. Success came with We Two, based on the life of Charles Bradlaugh, a social reformer and advocate of free thought. Her historical novel In the Golden Days was the last book read to John Ruskin on his deathbed. Bayly wrote eighteen novels.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Ellen_Bayly .

Bazin, Germain, 1901-1990

Germain Bazin (1901-1990), museum curator, author and teacher, was appointed research professor at York University in 1971, remaining there until 1976. He had previously served on the staff of the Louvre and was chief curator there, 1951-1965. He also taught at the University of Brussels, l'Ecole du Louvre, and was the author of numerous widely-translated monographs and articles, including Le Mont-Saint-Michel (1933) and Historie generale de l'art (1953).

Beale, Dorothea

(from Wikipedia entry)

Dorothea Beale LLD (21 March 1831 – 9 November 1906) was a suffragist, educational reformer, author and Principal of the Cheltenham Ladies' College.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothea_Beale .

Archival material related to Beale held in several institutions across the UK. See: http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/results/r?_q=Beale%2C%20Dorothea .

Beare, Margaret E.

Margaret E. Beare was a joint-appointed professor at Osgoode and York University in the Department of Sociology. Her research interests included policing, transnational crime and enforcement, money laundering and research related to the functioning of the criminal justice system. She had standing at the 1996 Commission of Inquiry into Certain Events at the Prison for Women in Kingston (Arbour Commission) to investigate certain events at the Prison for Women, Kingston Ontario which took place in 1994, and received all the documentation generated by the commission in the course of its investigations.

Beattie, Christopher Fraser

Christopher Fraser Beattie (1941-1977) was a professor of sociology at the Atkinson College of York University. He obtained a B.A. with honours in sociology from Carleton University in 1963, an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Toronto in 1964, and a Ph.D in sociology from the University of California (Berkeley) in 1970. His doctoral thesis was "Minority in a Majority Setting: Middle-Level Francophones at Mid-Career in the Anglophone Public Service of Canada". His areas of specialization were the Canadian society, ethnic relations, sociological theory and research design.

Beattie, Earle

Earle James Beattie, journalist, teacher and author, was born in 1916. He was a professor in the Social Science Department at Atkinson College. He played an important role in establishing the journalism school at Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in Toronto and taught at University of Western Ontario in London, Ont. He wrote many articles in Maclean's and Chatelaine, and published Canada's Billion Dollar Pension Scandal (1985). He died in 1992.

Beatty, Patricia

A Canadian modern-dance choreographer, dancer, director and teacher. She studied at the Martha Graham School and co-founded the Toronto Dance Theatre with Peter Randazzo. She was named a Member of the Order of Canada in 2004.

Beaumont, Hubert George, 1864-1922

  • Person
  • 1864-1922

Hubert George Beaumont (April 6, 1864 – August 14, 1922), styled The Honourable from 1906, was a British Liberal Party politician.

Beder, E.A., 1895-1978

  • Person

Edward Arthur Beder (1895-1978), political activist and author, was born in London, England in 1895 and subsequently emigrated to Canada where he established himself in business. In 1932 he became involved with the founders of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), at a time when he was writing for the ’Canadian forum’. He served as chairman of the Organization Committee for Ontario, organized the CCF Club in Toronto and other parts of the province and served as Vice-President of the first Ontario Provincial Council of the CCF. Beder also served as Secretary of the Canadian League Against War and Fascism and was Secretary of the Socialist Party of Canada (Ontario Section). Beder also lectured for the Workers’ Education Alliance.

Bedford, Adeline Duchess

  • Person
  • 1852-1920

Lady Adeline Russell (nee Somers-Cocks), the Duchess of Bedford of Penal reform advocate. Education supervised directly by mother Virginia Pattle,wife of Charles Somers Somers-Cocks, third earl of Somers.

"The duchess of Bedford became one of those aristocratic and middle-class Victorian and Edwardian women who distinguished themselves in charity work, one of the few fields of public activity open to women. Early in her married life she led a movement to rescue women who were street dwellers or prostitutes around Victoria Station, London. At this time she was closely involved with the Associated Workers' League, which was concerned with the well-being of women at work."

Chair of Ladies' Committee of the Order of St. John after 1914.

"During the First World War the duchess of Bedford worked on a joint committee of the Red Cross and the order of St John of Jerusalem to provide nursing care for wounded service personnel. Between 1918 and 1920 she helped to establish a Sunshine Home for blind babies at Chorleywood near her home." (The Spectator, 1 May 1920).

For more information, see obituary at: http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/1st-may-1920/8/adeline-duchess-of-bedford-a-character-study-t .

Beer (family)

  • Family
  • fl. 1810-1920

The Beer family was established in Ontario by Christopher Beer, a retired commander in the British navy, who was granted several hundred acres of land in Metcalfe Township in the early 1800's. In the early 1900's, Jacob Beer, a descendent of Christopher Beer, lived in Strathroy, Ontario, and had five children: Christopher, Joan, Walter, Vivien and Winlow. Private Walter Beer was a soldier with the 48th Regiment (Highlanders) during World War I and was killed in action in France. Vivien Beer was engaged to Captain James R. Allan, who was also killed in action in France in 1916.

Bell, George G.

Brigadier-General George Gray Bell was a Vice-President at York University, Professor of Strategic Studies and decorated Second World War veteran. He was born in Toronto on May 24, 1920 and enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1940. In 1943, he graduated from the Royal Military College and served in the Netherlands and Germany in the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (RCAC). Bell remained in the army after the war serving around the world in various capacities. He earned his PhD in International Relations from McGill University in 1972. In 1973, Bell became Assistant Deputy Minister to the Minister of the Treasury, Economics and Intergovernmental Affairs in the Government of Ontario. In 1976, he was appointed Executive Vice-President and Professor of Strategic Studies at York University. At York, Bell also founded and became the first President of the Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies (CISS). From 1984 until its dissolution in 1987, he was a founding director of the Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security (CIIPS). He received the Order of Canada in 1989. After his retirement Bell was the Honourary President of the RCAC Association, and he remained a senior research fellow at York until 1996. Bell died in Toronto, Ontario on October 15, 2000.

Benn, Alfred William

(from Wikipedia entry)

Alfred William Benn (1843–1915) was an agnostic and an honorary associate of the Rationalist Press Association. His book A History of Modern Philosophy was published in the Thinker's Library series in 1930.

He was the author of The Greek Philosophers (2 vols, 1882); The History of English Rationalism in the Nineteenth Century (2 vols, 1906); and The History of Ancient and Modern Philosophy (2 vols, 1912).

Benn was also a member of the London Positivist Society and a friend of the lawyer and positivist Vernon Lushington. Lushington's daughter Susan recorded in her diary on 3 September 1889 that Benn and his wife visited the Lushington's Surrey home - Pyports, Cobham - and how Mrs Benn told her "how she came to be a positivist."

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._W._Benn .

Benson, Mary

(from Wikipedia entry)

Mary Benson (née Sidgwick; 1842 - 1918) was an English hostess of the Victorian era. She was the wife of Revd. Edward Benson, who during their marriage became Archbishop of Canterbury, i.e. chief bishop of the Church of England and of the world-wide Anglican communion. Their children included several prolific authors and contributors to cultural life. When she was widowed, she became involved with Lucy Tait, daughter of the previous Archbishop of Canterbury. She was described by Gladstone, the British Prime Minister, as the 'cleverest woman in Europe'.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Sidgwick_Benson .

Berger, Jeniva

  • Person

Jeniva Berger, theatre critic, received a M.A. in Drama from the University of Toronto and has been reviewing theater in the Toronto area for a variety of publications. She was the Founding President of the Canadian Theatre Critics Association and is still involved with the Association as Chair of the annual Nathan Cohen Award for Excellence in Theatre Criticism. Her work on multicultural theatre in Canada has been published in the ’Canadian Encyclopedia’, the ’Oxford Companion to Canadian Drama’ and ’Contemporary Canadian Theatre’ (1985).

Berger, Jeniva

Jeniva Berger, theatre critic, received a M.A. in Drama from the University of Toronto and has been reviewing theater in the Toronto area for a variety of publications. She was the Founding President of the Canadian Theatre Critics Association and is still involved with the Association as Chair of the annual Nathan Cohen Award for Excellence in Theatre Criticism. Her work on multicultural theatre in Canada has been published in the “Canadian Encyclopedia”, the “Oxford Companion to Canadian Drama” and “Contemporary Canadian Theatre” (1985).

Bergson, Henri-Louis

(from Wikipedia entry)

Henri-Louis Bergson (18 October 1859 - 4 January 1941) was a French continental philosopher often associated with French Spiritualism. Bergson was born in Paris. In 1891, he married Louise Neuberger, a cousin of Marcel Proust, who was the best man at Bergsons wedding. Bergsons philosophy professed the importance of intuition, perception, and experience over abstract rationalism. One of his most lasting concepts, later taken up by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze, is that of multiplicity. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927 and the Grand-Croix de la Legion d`Honneur in 1930. His wife destroyed his writings (at his request) resulting in decline in interest in his works throughout the 20thC.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Bergson .

Berke, Jack

  • Person

Jack Berke was involved with the Community Chamber Orchestra of York University as a musician (bassoon) as well as member of the Orchestra Board of Directors (Librarian).

Besant, Annie

(from Wikipedia entry)

Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a prominent British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.

At age 20 she married Frank Besant, but separated from him over religious differences. She then became a prominent speaker for the National Secular Society (NSS) and writer and a close friend of Charles Bradlaugh. In 1877 they were prosecuted for publishing a book by birth control campaigner Charles Knowlton. The scandal made them famous, and Bradlaugh was elected M.P. for Northampton in 1880.

She became involved with union actions including the Bloody Sunday demonstration and the London matchgirls strike of 1888. She was a leading speaker for the Fabian Society and the Marxist Social Democratic Federation (SDF). She was elected to the London School Board for Tower Hamlets, topping the poll even though few women were qualified to vote at that time.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_Besant .

Archival material held at several institutions in the UK. See listing here: http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/c/F37089 .

Bevan, Edwyn

(from Wikipedia entry)

Edwyn Robert Bevan OBE, FBA (15 February 1870, London – 18 October 1943, London) was a versatile English philosopher and historian of the Hellenistic world. He was the fourteenth of sixteen children of Robert Cooper Lee Bevan, a partner in Barclays Bank, and his second wife Frances Emma Shuttleworth, daughter of Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth, Bishop of Chichester.

He had an academic position at King's College London. The Arabist Anthony Ashley Bevan was his brother, the conspiracy theorist Nesta Helen Webster was his youngest sister and the artist Robert Polhill Bevan a cousin. He married Daisy Waldegrave, daughter of Granville Waldegrave, 3rd Baron Radstock in 1896 and they had two daughters.

Bevan was awarded an honorary doctorate from St. Andrews in 1922 and an honorary D.Litt. from Oxford in 1923. In 1942 he became a Fellow of the British Academy.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwyn_Bevan .

Beveridge, James A.

[from Wikipedia entry]

James Beveridge (August 12, 1917 – February 16, 1993) was a Canadian filmmaker, author and educator. Beveridge was a pioneering filmmaker at the fledgling National Film Board of Canada (NFB) and rose to become Head of Production and Executive Producer at the NFB in postwar years.

James Beveridge (August 12, 1917 – February 16, 1993) was a Canadian filmmaker, author and educator. Beveridge was a pioneering filmmaker at the fledgling National Film Board of Canada (NFB) and rose to become Head of Production and Executive Producer at the NFB in postwar years.

When the Second World War broke out, Grierson sent Beveridge to Ottawa, to help establish the National Film Board of Canada. He was initially hired as a film cutter, then as an editor.[2] During the war, in various duties as editor, director and producer, Beveridge worked on more than 80 documentary films.[3] Films he directed, include The Voice of Action (1942), Banshees Over Canada (1943) and Look to the North (1944).[4]

Beveridge later became a war correspondent in the Royal Canadian Air Force, serving in Europe from 1944–1945. While working on the NFB documentary film, Inside Fighting Canada (1942), he had met fellow NFB colleague Jane Smart, also a director, scriptwriter and editor. Coming back to Canada after the Second World War, Beveridge married Jane Marsh (going by her married name, but divorced at the time), but their marriage was short-lived. [Note 1] According to Beveridge's daughter, he recounted that "I think Jane couldn't resist a man in an aviator's jacket. They had a brief and disastrous marriage after the war was over. When I once asked him about it, Dad told me that 'they were both too nutty' and so they went their separate ways."[4]

From 1947 to 1949, Beveridge was Head of Production and Executive Producer at the NFB. From 1951–1954, he was in charge of the European Office of the National Film Board, based in London. After 1954, Beveridge worked occasionally as an independent producer on contract to the NFB, before leaving the Board completely in 1962.[5]

Seeking work internationally, in 1954, Beveridge first began a project in India for the Burmah Shell Oil Company where he produced and directed 40 training films. In the same year, he had married Margaret Coventry, a colleague from his NFB days, and his son Alexander was born; Nicholas and Nina would follow. During his sojourn in India, his film,Himalayan Tapestry; The Craftsmen of Kashmir (1957) won the 1957 President's Gold Medal Award for Best Documentary Film.[5]

After a brief role as host and moderator on Lets Face It, the CBC public affairs television series in 1961, Beveridge became the Director, North Carolina Film Board where he produced 15 half-hour documentary and educational films from 1962–1964.[6]

Beveridge returned to Canada to head his own production company in 1965, producing a multi-screen presentation in the "Man in Control" theme pavilion at Expo 1967. From 1970, his filmmaking work again took him back to the Far East. While in Japan, Beveridge produced Hands (1975) for Mobil Sekiyu Oil Company, winning the Grand Prize, World Craft Council Film Festival, New York, 1975. Beveridge was also the scriptwriter on Transformations (1977) for Heavy Industries of India (Ministry of Industry, Government of India).[6]

Beveridge continued to be active as a filmmaker for the rest of his life, contributing as a screenwriter, consultant and advisor on a number of international projects. Increasingly, he collaborated with his wife, Margaret, on his many projects.[7][Note 2]

In 1970, Beveridge began teaching, as well as acting as a consultant to nascent rural television programs for UNESCO in India.[6] In the same year, he established the Department of Film at York University, Toronto and went on to launch the university's graduate film studies program, the first of its kind in Canada. While maintaining an active international career as a filmmaker, advocate and educator, he also taught at York University intermittently until 1987. During his tenure, Beveridge promoted joint ventures with India and developed a national program for adult literacy, sponsored by UNESCO.[9]

In recounting his work at the NFB and his close association with John Grierson, Beveridge was the author of John Grierson: Film Master (1978).[4] He was also the author of Script Writing for Short Films (1969) and co-author with Wilbur Lang Schramm, of Television and the Social Education of Women: A First Report on the Unesco-Senegal Pilot Project at Dakar, Issues 49-58 (1967). In 2006, Beveridge's life was made the subject of a film written and directed by his daughter, York alumna Nina Beveridge, entitled The Idealist: James Beveridge, Film Guru, which won the Platinum Remi Award for World Peace and Understanding at the 39th WorldFest-Houston International Film Festival.[9]

[1] Beveridge, Nina. "The early days." Beevision Productions Inc., 2006. Retrieved: April 19, 2016.
[2] McInnes, Graham. One Man's Documentary: A Memoir of the Early Years of the National Film Board. Winnipeg, Manitoba: University of Manitoba, 2004. pp. 214–215
[3] Lerner, Loren. Canadian Film and Video: A Bibliography and Guide to the Literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997. p. 887.
[4] Beveridge, Nina. "My Father: The National Film Board of Canada." Beevision Productions Inc., 2006. Retrieved: April 17, 2016.
[5] Beveridge, Nina. "Burmah Shell Corporation, Bombay." Beevision Productions Inc., 2006. Retrieved: April 17, 2016.
[6] Beveridge, Nina. "James Beveridge Filmography and Credits." Beevision Productions Inc., 2006. Retrieved: April 21, 2016.
[7] Beveridge, Nina. "My mother." Beevision Productions Inc., 2006. Retrieved: April 21, 2016.
[8] Caterpuri, Sadhan Mullick. "Nina Beveridge." beevision.com, January 1, 2014. Retrieved: April 21, 2016.
[9] "A tribute to film guru James Beveridge." York University, October 10, 2007. Retrieved: April 19, 2016.

Bird, Bonnie

"Bonnie Bird, a Martha Graham dancer in the 1930's and an internationally known teacher, ...she studied with Graham, who invited her to join her company in New York. She performed from 1933 to 1937, appearing in works that included "Celebration," "American Provincial," "Panorama" and "Chronicle." ...Miss Bird played an important part in the founding and development of the American Dance Guild and the Congress on Research in Dance. In 1974, she began a long association with the Laban Center for Movement and Dance in London." (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/1995/04/13/obituaries/bonnie-bird-graham-protegee-and-noted-dance-teacher-80.html)

Black Sparrow Press

"Black Sparrow Books, formerly known as Black Sparrow Press, is a book publisher originally founded in 1966 by John Martin of Santa Rosa, California. He founded this company in order to publish the works of Charles Bukowski and other avant-garde authors. He initially financed this company by selling his large collection of rare first editions. Typography and printing were the work of Graham Mackintosh of San Francisco, Noel Young and Edwards Brothers, Inc. Barbara Martin oversaw all of the title page and cover designs, which are still unique today.

Black Sparrow Press most prominently published the work of authors Charles Bukowski, John Fante, and Paul Bowles. A more complete list is shown below. These artists, now considered part of a contemporary 'alternative tradition,' were first established and nurtured under the auspices of Black Sparrow Press. Many of its titles are now highly collectible.

Black Sparrow Press sold the rights to publish Bukowski, Bowles and Fante to HarperCollins Publishers in 2002. At this point, John Martin retired. Martin then sold the remainder of his inventory for $1.00 to David R. Godine, Publisher who adopted the name Black Sparrow Books. Godine is now the exclusive licensed distributor of Black Sparrow Books while HarperCollins continues to print and reprint the books by Bukowski, Fante and Bowles, replicating the original designs. In 2010, Black Sparrow published Door to the River, a collection of essays by Aram Saroyan; Well Then There Now, a collection of poems by Juliana Spahr; and Cheyenne Madonna, a collection of linked short stories by Eddie Chuculate. Copies of all editions of Charles Bukowski's works published by the Black Sparrow Press are held at Western Michigan University, which purchased the archive of the publishing house after its closure in 2003."
-from Wikipedia entry available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sparrow_Books .

Black, Naomi

Naomi Black is Professor Emerita of Political Science and Women's Studies at York University in Toronto, and an Adjunct Professor of Women's Studies at Mount Saint Vincent University in Nova Scotia. Her research interests have focused on international relations, nationalism and imperialism, women in politics and social feminism. Black was the first woman hired in York University's Department of Political Science in 1964 where she fought to legitimize the study of women and politics both within her department and without. She was a founder of both the undergraduate and graduate programmes in Women's Studies at York, and served on the Ontario Commission on the Status of Women. From 1985-1987, she served as the Status of Women adviser to the Office of the President at York University, during which time she founded "The Second Decade/La Deuxieme Decennie" newsletter in order to provide a voice to the women who work and study at York University, and to further the implementation of employment equity at York. Black also helped to establish York's Nellie Langford Rowell Women's Studies Library. Her publications include "Social Feminism" (1989), "Canadian Women: A History" (co-author; 1988, 1996 and 2011), "Feminist Politics on the Farm" (co-author; 1999), Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" (edited by Black in 2001), and "Virginia Woolf as Feminist" (2004). Black earned her BA from Cornell University, and her MA and PhD from Yale University. Her work was recognized with a honorary degree from York University in 2010.

Blackie, John Stuart, 1809-1895

  • Person
  • 1809-1895

John Stuart Blackie (1809–1895), classical and Scottish Gaelic scholar, was educated at the New Academy and afterwards at the Marischal College, in Aberdeen. After attending classes at Edinburgh University (1825–1826), Blackie spent three years at Aberdeen as a student of theology. In 1829 he went to Germany, and after studying at Göttingen and Berlin, he accompanied Bunsen to Italy and Rome. The years spent abroad extinguished his former wish to enter the Church, and at his father's desire he gave himself up to the study of law. By the time he was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates (1834) he had acquired a strong love of the classics and a taste for letters in general. In May 1839 he was appointed to the newly instituted chair of Humanity (Latin) in the Marischal College. Difficulties arose in the way of his installation, but he took up his duties as professor in November 1841. Blackie published a translation of Aeschylus in 1850, which led to his appointment in 1852 to the professorship of Greek at Edinburgh University. A journey to Greece in 1853 prompted his essay On the Living Language of the Greeks. Scottish nationality was another source of enthusiasm with him; and in this connection he displayed real sympathy with highland home life and the grievances of the crofters. The foundation of the Celtic chair at Edinburgh University was mainly due to his efforts. In the 1880s and 1890s, he lectured at Oxford on the pronunciation of Greek, and corresponded on the subject with William Hardie. In May 1893, he gave his last lecture at Oxford. He died in Edinburgh in 1895.

Blanc, Louis

  • Person
  • 1811-1882

Louis Blanc was born on October 29, 1811. He was a French politician, historian, and socialist who favored reforms and called for the creation of cooperatives in order to guarantee employment for the urban poor.

Bloomfield, George 1930-2011

  • Person
  • 1930-2011

George Bloomfield was a Canadian film director, producer, actor, screenwriter and editor .

Bloxam, George W.

  • Person
  • fl. 1890-1893

Secretary of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Also Secretary of The British Association for the Advancement of Science.
In 1893, Bloxam published an Index of the Institutes' publications for the years 1843-1891.

Blunt, Walter, 1802-1868

  • Person
  • 1802-1868

Educated at Eton and St. John's College, Cambridge, he was a Fellow of King's College (1824-27), rector of Wilksby (1829-31) and vicar of Newark-upon-Trent, 1835-68. He was joint-editor of the Etonian.

Blunt, William O.

  • Person
  • -1910

May be Richard Blunt, the first Anglican bishop of Hull in the Church of England from 1891 to his death in 1910.

Body, George

(from ODNB entry by G.S. Woods)

Body, George (1840–1911), Church of England clergyman, born at Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon, on 7 January 1840, was the son of Josiah Body, surgeon, and his wife, Mary Snell. He was educated at Blundell's School, Tiverton, from 1849 to 1857, and subsequently entered St Augustine's Missionary College, Canterbury. His intention of undertaking missionary work abroad had to be abandoned because of ill health. In 1859 he matriculated from St John's College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1862 and proceeding MA in 1876. Subsequently he received from Durham University the degree of MA ad eundem (1884) and an honorary DD (1885). On 25 September 1864 he married Louisa Jane (b. c.1837), daughter of William Lewis of Sedgley.

Body was ordained deacon in 1863 and priest the following year. He served successively as curate of St James, Wednesbury (1863–5), Sedgley (1865–7), and Christ Church, Wolverhampton (1867–70). Like other ‘slum priests’, such as Charles Lowder and G. R. Prynne, he sought to bring the teaching and practices of the Oxford Movement to the working classes, combining evangelical fervour with Tractarian principles. Nominated rector of Kirby Misperton, Yorkshire, in 1870 he took an active part in the parochial mission movement. In 1883 he was appointed canon-missioner of Durham by Bishop Lightfoot, and for twenty-eight years carried on successful mission work among Durham miners. He had a fine reputation as a mission preacher: his sermons were remarkable for their directness and sincerity, an appeal enhanced by a west country burr which he retained to the end of his life.

Body's varied activities covered a wide area. He was proctor in convocation for Cleveland from 1880 to 1885, and for Durham in 1906, and vice-president of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (1890), and succeeded his friend Bishop G. H. Wilkinson as warden of the Sisterhood of the Epiphany, Truro, in 1891. He was select preacher at Cambridge (1892–6 and 1900–06) and lecturer in pastoral theology at King's College, London, in 1909. He also acted as examining chaplain to the bishop of St Andrews from 1893 to 1908. Although he was a member of the English Church Union his sympathies were broad, and his conciliatory attitude during the ritualist crisis of 1898–9 exercised a moderating influence on the militant section of the high-church party. He published many sermons and devotional works.

Body died at The College, Durham, on 5 June 1911. He was survived by his wife and his three sons and four daughters, among whom was (Mary) Agnes Body (1866–1952). A memorial fund was raised after his death for the maintenance of the diocesan mission house and a home for mission workers among the Durham miners.

For more information, see http://www.oxforddnb.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/view/article/31945 .

Bogart, Mary Louise, 1935-

  • Person

Mary Louise Bogart (1935- ) and John Edward Page (1923-1989) were affiliated with the Faculty of Environmental Studies at York University and jointly wrote an article on the contribution of James B. Milner in the field of community planning law.

Bolland, G. J.

(from Wikipedia entry)
Gerardus Johannes Petrus Josephus (Gerald) Bolland) was a Dutch auto didact, philosopher and linguist.
Born in Groningen to a working class Catholic family, Bolland later obtained a job as a teacher in Katwijk and later an English and German teacher in Batavia. He applied successfuly to a a position as professor of philsophy a the University of Leiden in 1896.
He was responsible for reviving Hegelianism in the Netherlands, writing new works, and in general encouraging a revival in philosophy in the Netherlands.

His papers are held a the DBNL Archives. See: http://www.dbnl.org/auteurs/auteur.php?id=boll004 .

For more information, see: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_Bolland .

Bonsanquet, B.

(from Wikipedia entry)

Bernard Bosanquet (/ˈboʊzənˌkɛt, -kɪt/; 14 June[1] 1848 – 8 February 1923) was an English philosopher and political theorist, and an influential figure on matters of political and social policy in late 19th and early 20th century Britain. His work influenced – but was later subject to criticism by – many thinkers, notably Bertrand Russell, John Dewey and William James. Bernard was the husband of Charity Organisation Society leader Helen Bosanquet.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Bosanquet_(philosopher) .

Boole, Mary Everest

(from Wikipedia entry)

Mary Everest Boole (1832, Wickwar, Gloucestershire – 1916) was a self-taught mathematician who is best known as an author of didactic works on mathematics, such as Philosophy and Fun of Algebra, and as the wife of fellow mathematician George Boole. Her progressive ideas on education, as expounded in The Preparation of the Child for Science, included encouraging children to explore mathematics through playful activities such as 'curve stitching'. Her life is of interest to feminists as an example of how women made careers in an academic system that did not welcome them. She was born Mary Everest in England, the daughter of Revd Thomas Roupell Everest, Rector of Wickwar, and Mary nee Ryall. Her uncle George Everest gave his name to Mount Everest. She spent the first part of her life in France where she received an education in mathematics from a private tutor. On returning to England at the age of 11 she continued to pursue her interest in mathematics through self-instruction. George Boole became her tutor in 1852 and on the death of her father in 1855 they married and moved to Cork County, Ireland. Mary greatly contributed as an editor to Boole's The Laws of Thought, a work on algebraic logic. She had five daughters by him.

She was widowed in 1864, at the age of 32, and returned to England where she was offered a post as a librarian at Queen's College, London. She also tutored privately in mathematics and developed a philosophy of teaching that involved the use of natural materials and physical activities to encourage an imaginative conception of the subject. Her interest extended beyond mathematics to Darwinian theory, philosophy and psychology and she organised discussion groups on these subjects among others.

Her five daughters made their marks in a range of fields. Alicia Boole Stott (1860–1940) became an expert in four-dimensional geometry. Ethel Lilian (1864–1960) married the Polish revolutionary Wilfrid Michael Voynich and was the author of a number of works including The Gadfly. Mary Ellen married mathematician Charles Hinton and Margaret (1858–1935) was the mother of mathematician G. I. Taylor. Lucy Everest (1862–1905) was a talented chemist and became the first woman Fellow of the Institute of Chemistry.[10]
Mary Everest Boole's husband fell ill in 1864, after he had walked two miles in the drenching rain and then lectured wearing his wet clothes. He developed a severe cold and high fever. Mary put her husband to bed and - since she believed in the principle of analogies and like cures like - thought pouring buckets of water over him might help. Tragically, this made him worse; on 8 December 1864, he died of fever-induced pleural effusion.

She died in 1916 at the age of 84.

For more information, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Everest_Boole .

Boole family papers available at Bristol University. See: http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/rd/76688652-e423-4266-bdaa-91c4e66efad4 .

Booth, Charles James

(from Wikipedia entry)

Charles James Booth (30 March 1840 – 23 November 1916) was an English philanthropist and social researcher. He is most famed for his innovative work on documenting working class life in London at the end of the 19th century, work that along with that of Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree influenced government intervention against poverty in the early 20th century and led to the founding of Old Age pensions.[1] and free school meals for the poorest children.

Booth was a cousin of the Fabian socialist and author Martha Beatrice Webb, Baroness Passfield (née Potter; 1858–1943). Booth worked closely with Potter for his research on poverty.

St Paul's Cathedral is the grateful recipient of his gift of Holman Hunt's painting: The Light of The World. On 29 April 1871, Booth married Mary Macaulay, who was niece of the celebrated historian Thomas Babington Macaulay. His eldest daughter married the Hon Sir Malcolm Macnaghten, and others married into the Ritchie and Gore Browne families.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Booth_(philanthropist) .

Booth, Mrs. A.

  • Person
  • fl. 1891

President of Liverpool Conference of Mothers.

Borden, Robert Laird, 1854-1937

  • VIAF ID: 12434114 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1854-1937

Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937), lawyer and politician, was raised in Halifax where he became a lawyer and Conservative Party politician. He became leader of the party in 1901 and led it to victory in the national election of 1911, remaining Prime Minister until his retirement in 1920. Borden served as Prime Minister during World War I. He promoted the cause of Canadian nationhood within the British Empire.

Borrow, George

  • Person
  • 1802-1881

George Henry Borrow was an English author who wrote novels and travelogues based on his experiences traveling around Europe. Over the course of his wanderings, he developed a close affinity with the Romani people of Europe, who figure prominently in his work. His best known books are The Bible in Spain, the autobiographical Lavengro, and The Romany Rye, about his time with the English Romanichal (gypsies).

Boucher de la Bruere, Montarville, 1867-1943

  • Person

Montarville Boucher de la Bruere (1867-1943) was a journalist, archivist and author. He succeeded his father as editor of the "Courier de Saint-Hyacinthe," (1895-1903), and also worked on "La Minerve," "La patrie," and "Le devoir." He also served as head of the Archives of Canada at Montreal, beginning in 1914.

Bouchet, Edward A. (Edward Alexander), 1852-1918

  • 14437769
  • Person
  • 15 September 1852- 28 October 1918

Edward Alexander Bouchet (September 15, 1852 – October 28, 1918) was an African American physicist and educator. In 1874, he became one of the first African Americans to graduate from Yale College,[a] and was the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. from any American university, completing his dissertation in physics at Yale in 1876. On the basis of his academic record he was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society.

Boughton, Noelle

  • Person

Noelle Boughton is an author and freelance writer who has published articles for a variety of Canadian publications including The Beaver, Canadian Business, Canadian Living, Chatelaine, Maclean's, the United Church Observer, among other serials.

Boughton's 'Margaret Laurence : a gift of grace : a spiritual biography' was released in 2006. She is currently working on a novel (with a working title of 'Jack-in-the-Box') which was a Chapters/Robertson Davies Prize semi-finalist and a University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies/Random House of Canada Award finalist. Boughton holds a Bachelor of Journalism (Hon) degree from Carleton University in Ottawa and a BA from the University of Manitoba.

Boulton, Augusta

  • Person

Augusta Boulton (nee Latter) was born on Orillia, Ontario. She and married Charles Arkoll Boulton in 1874 and removed to Manitoba where he farmed. Boulton was a soldier and participated in the Riel Rebellion (1870) on the Loyalist side. He also raised a troop, known as 'Boulton's Rangers,' which participated in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885 at the Battle of Frog Lake and later in the capture of Big Bear. He was appointed to the Senate in 1889.

Bouraoui, Hédi

  • 84969047
  • Person
  • 1932-

Dr. Hédi Bouraoui, C.M. (1932-) is a poet, novelist, essayist, and the acting writer-in-residence in York University's Department of French Studies. Born in Sfax, Tunisia and educated in the South-West of France, Bouraoui came to the United States in 1958 as a Fulbright Scholar, and received an MA in English and American Literature at Indiana University. Later, he would receive his PhD. in Romance Studies at Cornell University. Bouraoui's first appointment with York University was as the coordinator of French in the former Division of Literatures and Language Training, where he developed the Creaculture program. Bouraoui is an advocate for French-language literature, and is the author of more than twenty books of poetry, a dozen novels, and a number of books of literary criticism. Bouraoui's research and teaching interests include contemporary critical theory, postcolonial Francophone literatures, including North African, Caribbean, and Franco-Ontarian literature. In May of 2018, Bouraoui was recognized as a Member of the Order of Canada.

Bowditch, Henry Pickering

(from Wikipedia entry)

Henry Pickering Bowditch (April 4, 1840 – March 13, 1911) was an American soldier, physician, physiologist, and dean of the Harvard Medical School. Following his teacher Carl Ludwig, he promoted the training of medical practitioners in a context of physiological research. His teaching career at Harvard spanned 35 years.

Henry P. Bowditch was born to the Massachusetts Bowditch family, noted for the mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch, his grandfather, and the archaeologist Charles Pickering Bowditch, his brother. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch and Lucy Orne Nichols Bowditch. In 1861, he graduated from Harvard College, and then entered Harvard’s Lawrence Scientific School. His studies there were interrupted by his service for the Union army in the United States Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major in the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry. After graduation from Harvard Medical School in 1868, he went to Paris to study with Claude Bernard. In Bernard’s lab he worked alongside Louis-Antoine Ranvier, later known for neuroanatomy, and Étienne-Jules Marey who promoted the use of photography to capture physiological dynamics. According to Walter Bradford Cannon, when in Paris, Bowditch joined with fellow Bostonians John Collins Warren, Jr., William James, and Charles Emerson for frog-hunting parties. In 1875-1876, Bowditch, William James, Charles Pickering Putnam (1844-1914), and James Jackson Putnam (1846-1918) founded the Putnam Camp at St. Huberts, Essex County, New York.

Bowditch continued his European studies in Bonn with Wilhelm Kuhne and Max Schultze. Ultimately he proceeded to Leipzig where Carl Ludwig was conducting the program that Bowditch would emulate at Harvard. Bowditch impressed Ludwig by constructing an improvement on the kymograph then in use. His studies in Leipzig brought him into contact with, among others, Ray Lankester, Angelo Mosso, Hugo Kronecker and Carl von Voit.

Bowditch was appointed assistant professor of physiology at Harvard in 1871. While still in Germany, he purchased European materials to support the investigative training program he planned. And dramatically, on 9 September 1871, just days before sailing for Boston, he married Selma Knuth of Leipzig. The Bowditch laboratory at Harvard, the first physiological laboratory in the United States, began modestly in attic rooms allotted to him. Bowditch's career at Harvard was parallel to that of William James who instituted his program of experimental psychology in 1875. Bowditch and James represented the New Education espoused by Charles William Eliot, Harvard's President. In 1876 Bowditch was promoted to full professor. In 1887 he co-founded and was the first president of the American Physiological Society. At Harvard he rose to the position of dean of the medical school, serving from 1883 to 1893. In 1903 he was honoured with the George Higginson chair. After 35 years teaching for Harvard, he retired in 1906, and died in Jamaica Plains, Massachusetts in 1913. His students included Walter Bradford Cannon, Charles Sedgwick Minot and G. Stanley Hall.

Manfred Bowditch, Henry's son, gave a personal description of the man he knew as father. Bowditch did much experimentation in a cottage at an Adirondack camp at the head of Keene Valley which bore his name. There, with a well-equipped workshop the son witnessed considerable "inventiveness and manual skill" that Henry also applied in the physiology lab.

Bowditch was granted honorary degrees from five universities: Cambridge, Edinburgh, Toronto, Pennsylvania, and Harvard.

Henry Pickering Bowditch was known for his physiological work on cardiac contraction and knee jerk. He also developed an interest in anthropometry, and showed that nutrition and environmental factors contribute to physiological development. Bowditch can be seen as a link between the milieu interieur of Claude Bernard, his teacher, and homeostasis as developed by his student Walter Cannon.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Pickering_Bowditch .

Bowsfield, Hartwell, 1922-.

  • Person

Hartwell Bowsfield, archivist, professor and historian, was born on 7 July 1922 and educated at the University of Manitoba (B.A. 1948) and the University of Toronto (Ph.D. 1977). Bowsfield was the Provincial Archivist of Manitoba from 1952-1967, following which he became the first University Archivist of York University in 1970, a position he held until his retirement in 1988. In addition to his archival work, Bowsfield was a lecturer and an assistant and later an associate professor of history at York from 1970 to 1978. He also lectured on archives administration at the Faculty of Library Science at the University of Toronto. Bowsfield is the author or editor of numerous publications including "The James Wickes Taylor Papers, 1859-1870" and "Louis Riel, Rebel of the Western Frontier" and has contributed articles on Western Canadian History to scholarly journals and to edited histories of Canada.

Boyle, Harry J. (Harry Joseph), 1915-2005

Harry J. Boyle, journalist, broadcaster and playwright, was born on 7 October 1915 in St. Augustine, Ontario. His education included high school in Wingham and St. Jerome's College in Kitchener, Ontario. He married Marion McCaffrey in 1937, with whom he had two children. Mr. Boyle had a long career in journalism, having contributed articles to the London Free Press and the Toronto Globe and Mail, and a weekly column for the Toronto Telegram, 1957-1968. He joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as Farm Commentator in 1942 and became Director of the National Farm Radio Forum, 1942-1946. Other radio credits include: "CBC Wednesday Night," "Assignment," and "Project" series. Mr. Boyle also served on the Canadian Radio and Television Commission (CRTC) as the vice-chairman, 1968-1976, and chairman, 1976-1977. He won awards for his contribution to broadcasting, and to Canadian television and radio in particular. Besides journalism, Boyle has written a number of radio plays, a stage play, three books of essays, and several novels. He has been a faculty member at the Banff School of Fine Arts and a member of the Ontario Arts Council, 1979-1982. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1978. Harry Boyle died in Toronto on 22 January 2005.

Boys, Charles Vernon

(from Wikipedia entry)

Sir Charles Vernon Boys, FRS (15 March 1855 – 30 March 1944) was a British physicist, known for his careful and innovative experimental work.

Boys was the eighth child of the Reverend Charles Boys, the Anglican vicar of Wing, Rutland. He was educated at Marlborough College and the Royal School of Mines, where he learned physics from Frederick Guthrie and taught himself higher mathematics while completing a degree in mining and metallurgy. As a student at the School of Mines he invented a mechanical device (which he called the "integraph") for plotting the integral of a function. He worked briefly in the coal industry before accepting Guthrie's offer of a position as "demonstrator."

Boys achieved recognition as a scientist for his invention of the fused quartz fibre torsion balance, which allowed him to measure extremely small forces. He made the fused quartz fibres for his instrument by attaching a quartz rod to a crossbow quarrel, heating the rod to the point of melting, and firing the crossbow. By this means he produced fibre so thin that it could not be resolved with an optical microscope. He used this invention to build a radiomicrometer capable of responding to the light of a single candle more than one mile away, and used that device for astronomical observations. In 1895 he published a measurement of the gravitational constant G that improved upon the accuracy achieved by Cavendish. Boys' method relied on the same theory as Cavendish's, but used two masses suspended at one height and two nearby masses suspended at a different height, to minimize the unwanted interaction between opposite masses.

He was a critic of the solar design of Frank Shuman, so Shuman hired him, and together they patented a "Sun-Boiler", which is similar to modern day parabolic trough solar power plants.

In 1897 Boys became a Metropolitan Gas Referee, charged with assessing a fair price for coal gas. He initially worked on the replacement of the standard candle, used to determine the quality of the gas for lighting, by the Harcourt pentane lamp. As heating grew to become the principal use of coal gas, Boys undertook fundamental work on calorimetry to measure and record the heat content of the gas, achieving a substantial increase in precision of measurement. At this time the national gas bill for the United Kingdom was fifty million pounds, so a one-percent correction to the bill represented a very significant amount of money.

Boys also worked on high-speed photography of lightning and bullets in flight, and conducted public lectures on the properties of soap films, which were gathered into the book Soap Bubbles: Their Colours and the Forces Which Mould Them, a classic of scientific popularization. The first edition of Soap Bubbles appeared in 1890 and the second in 1911; it has remained in print to this day. The book deeply impressed French writer Alfred Jarry, who in 1898 wrote the absurdist novel Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician, in which the title character, who was born at the age of 63 and sails in a sieve, is described as a friend of C.V. Boys (see also 'Pataphysics). The book was also a favourite of American poet, Elizabeth Bishop.

He married Marion Amelia Pollock in 1892. She caused a scandal by having an affair with the Cambridge mathematician Andrew Forsyth, as a result of which Forsyth was forced to resign his chair. Boys divorced Marion in 1910 and she later married Forsyth.

He died at St Mary Bourne, Andover in Hampshire on 30 March 1944.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._V._Boys .

Boys, Rev. H.A.

  • Person
  • fl. 1870-1895

Rev. H. A. Boys, M.A. appears to have been a member of the clergy based in the village of Easton Mauduit Northampton in the Midlands.
Mr. Boys was English Chaplain at Patras, in Greece, from 1870 to 1875. He was also a chaplain in Algiers.
He was involved in tracking rainfall which he contributed to surveys by the British Meteorological Office, and published several articles on flooding and droughts in the area, including "The Drought of 1895" and "The November Floods, 1894" in the Journal of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society & Field Club.

Bradley, George Granville, 1821-1903

(from Wikipedia entry)

George Granville Bradley (11 December 1821 – 13 March 1903) was an English divine, scholar, and schoolteacher, who was Dean of Westminster 1881-1902. He was educated at Rugby under Thomas Arnold, and at University College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow in 1844. He was an assistant master at Rugby from 1846 to 1858, when he succeeded GEL Cotton as Headmaster at Marlborough College in Wiltshire. In 1870, he was elected Master of his old college at Oxford, and in August 1881 he was made Dean of Westminster in succession to AP Stanley. He took part in the coronation of King Edward VII and resigned the deanery in 1902. Bradley was an Acting Chaplain of the 13th Middlesex (Queen´s Westminsters) Volunteer Rifle Corps for 20 years, and received the Volunteer Officers' Decoration (VD) 21 February 1902. Besides his Recollections of A. P. Stanley (1883) and Life of Dean Stanley (1892), he published a revised version of Thomas Kerchever Arnold's Latin Prose Composition ("Bradley's Arnold"); Further works were Lectures on Job (1884) and Ecclesiastes (1885).

Bradley had two sons and five daughters; of these children one son, Arthur Granville Bradley (1850–1943), and four daughters were writers, including Margaret Louisa Woods, Emily Tennyson Bradley (married Alexander Murray Smith), Lady Mabel Birchenough (the wife of Sir Henry Birchenough, public servant and business man) and Rose Marion Bradley.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Granville_Bradley

Brady, Maziere, 1796-1871

  • Person
  • 1796-1871

Sir Maziere Brady, 1st Baronet, was an Irish judge, notable for his exceptionally long tenure as Lord Chancellor of Ireland.

Branford, Benchara Bertrand Patrick

(from Wikipedia entry)

Benchara Bertrand Patrick Branford (1868-1944) was a principal of the Sunderland Technical College (now the University of Sunderland) and later Divisional Inspector for Mathematics at the London County Council. His father was William Catton Branford (1837–1891), who worked as a veterinary surgeon in Oundle. His siblings included Mary Ann Kitchen (1861–1907), Lionel William Ernest Catton (1866–1947), John Frederick Kitchen (1869–1946), and Victor Verasis (1863-1930), the noted sociologist.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry for Victor Branford at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Branford.

Branford, Victor

(from Wikipedia entry)
Victor Branford (1863-1930) was a British sociologist. He was the founder of the Sociological Society and was made an Honorary member of the American Sociological Society, now the American Sociological Association.Victor Verasis Branford was born in Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 25 September 1863.[1] His father was William Catton Branford (1837-1891), who worked as a veterinary surgeon in Oundle. In addition to Victor, William Branford had one daughter and a further three sons: Mary Ann Kitchen (1861-1907), Lionel William Ernest Catton (1866-1947), Benchara Bertrand Patrick (1868-1944), and John Frederick Kitchen (1869-1946). Branford began his schooling at Oundle School, but transferred to Daniel Stewart’s College when the family moved to Edinburgh in 1869 on his father’s appointment as Professor of Anatomy at the veterinary college in that city.

While studying at Edinburgh University, Victor Branford came under the influence of the charismatic Patrick Geddes, who was working as a demonstrator in the science faculty at the University. This contact with Geddes changed the direction of his life and led to his life-long commitment to the development of sociology.

Working as a journalist in Dundee he met Matilda Elizabeth Stewart (1852-1915), widow of James Farquharson Stewart the editor of the “Dundee Advertiser”, and the two were married in 1897. The Branfords lived in Amersham while Victor was working as an accountant in London, but the marriage did not last and Branford secured a divorce under American law in Goldfield, Nevada, in 1910. Branford had already met Sybella Gurney, an activist in the cooperative movement and the Garden Cities movement, and they were married in Philadelphia that same year.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Branford .

Brantford Historical Society (Ontario)

  • 1908 -

Established on May 8, 1908, the Brant Historical Society is an independent registered charity operating three museums. The purpose is to collect, preserve and share the history and heritage of Brantford/Brant County and Six Nations/New Credit.

Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, baron, 1783-1858

  • Person
  • 1783-1858

Richard Griffin, 3rd Baron Braybrooke, nown as Richard Neville until 1797 and as the Hon. Richard Griffin between 1797 and 1825, was a British Whig politician and literary editor.

Breal, Michel

(from Wikipedia entry)
Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (French: [bʁeal]; 26 March 1832 – 25 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics. After studying at Weissenburg, Metz and Paris, he entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1852. In 1857 he went to Berlin, where he studied Sanskrit under Franz Bopp and Albrecht Weber. On his return to France he obtained an appointment in the department of oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Impériale. In 1864 he became professor of comparative grammar at the Collège de France, in 1875 member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, in 1879 inspecteur général for higher education until the abolition of the office in 1888. In 1890 he was made commander of the Legion of Honour. He died in Paris.

For more information see Wikipedia entry at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Br%C3%A9al .

Bridgewater, Francis Henry Egerton, earl, 1756-1829

  • Person
  • 1756-1829

Francis Henry Egerton (1756-1829) was a manuscript collector and a patron of learning. He was educated at Eton College (1766-1773), and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on March 27, 1773. In 1776 Egerton was elected to a fellowship at All Souls College. In 1780 Egerton was appointed prebendary (an honorary canon) of Durham through his father's influence. He was obliged to resign his fellowship in 1782. Egerton spent long periods away from his parishes, both in England and abroad, pursuing a wide range of scholarly interests, and amassing a large collection of manuscripts. He was elected F.R.S. (Fellow of the Royal Society) in 1784 and F.S.A. in 1791, but his writings on classical, historical, and technical subjects, generally published privately, exhibited steadily increasing eccentricity. He also published several biographical and genealogical works. Following his brother's death on October 21, 1823, Egerton succeeded as eighth earl of Bridgewater, Viscount Brackley, and Baron Ellesmere. Egerton died in Paris on February 11, 1829. All his titles became extinct with him.

Briskin, Linda

Since the 1970s, the Canadian union movement has produced extensive documentation on equity-related issues. This material often had an ephemeral existence as unions lacked resources to preserve and provide access to the documents, and there was no labour library to collect it. In order to promote access and to raise consciousness about important union sources, Professor Linda Briskin, a feminist and union activist, began collecting these documents in the 1970s. Professor Briskin received her Bachelor of Arts degree from McGill University in 1970, taught English and history at the secondary school level from 1971 to 1975, and became involved in the nascent English-speaking women's movement in Montreal. She moved to Toronto to pursue graduate studies with York University's Department of Social and Political Thought, leading to a Master's degree in 1977 and a Ph.D. in 1986. Briskin worked as a Teaching Master at Sheridan College from 1976 to 1986, and was the Director of its Centre for Women from 1980 to 1982. Briskin joined York University's Division of Social Science in July 1986, and was appointed to the Faculty of Graduate Studies for the Women's Studies Programme in 1992. She has held a cross-appointment to the School of Women's Studies since 2001, and was a Guest Researcher in Stockholm, Sweden, from 1992-1994. Her teaching has focused on women's studies (in particular feminist theory, women organizing, and women and society), and was recognized with awards in 1998, 1999, and 2004. Briskin has been an active member of unions, taking part in International Women's Day committees, helping to organize the first provincial women's committee for the Ontario Public Service Employees Union in the 1970s, and co-chairing the Status of Women Committee of the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations in 1990-1992. This concern regarding women and unions was also reflected in Briskin's research and writing, which focused on: unions, globalization, and women's power; equity bargaining and bargaining equity; feminist organizing with a focus on socialist feminism; worker militancies; pedagogies and power; and privileging agency (a strategy for women's studies in troubled times). This collection is a product of Briskin's research in these areas. She wrote to the large Canadian unions on an annual basis, requesting any new material that dealt with women and equity-related issues. Briskin compiled her first bibliography on these topics for "Union sisters : women in the labour movement," co-edited with Lynda Yanz (The Women's Press, 1983), and has written or edited several articles and books on equity, collective bargaining, feminism, public policy, women, and unions.

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