Title and statement of responsibility area
Toronto Telegram photographic negatives
General material designation
- Graphic material
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1904-1971, predominant 1950-1971 (Creation)
- Toronto Telegram
Physical description area
ca. 116 m of photographs : b&w negatives ; 16 x 16 cm or smaller
ca. 8 m of photographs : col. negatives ; 16 x 16 cm or smaller
Title proper of publisher's series
Parallel titles of publisher's series
Other title information of publisher's series
Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series
Numbering within publisher's series
Note on publisher's series
Archival description area
Name of creator
The 'Toronto telegram' (originally the 'Evening telegram,') was launched in 1876 by John Ross Robertson. The 'Tely' strongly supported the British connection in Canada, appealing to British and Imperial sentiments even after Canadian nationalism became fashionable. The newspaper was locked in a circulation war with its afternoon rival, the 'Toronto star', for much of the twentieth century. The battle involved giveaway contests, scoops, and even hiding personalities (like swimmer Marilyn Bell) from the competition to ensure exclusive stories. Following Robertson's death, the paper was continued by a trust he had established. In 1948 the newspaper was sold to George McCullagh, owner of the Toronto Globe & mail, who invited John Bassett to act as publisher. In 1952 Bassett bought the newspaper and attempted to best the Star with new features in his newspaper, the introduction of colour photography (which meant the demise of the famous 'pink' newsprint on which the "Tely" had been printed), and other modernizations (including a news office building). Falling circulation and lack of advertising led Bassett to close the newspaper in 1971.
Scope and content
Series consists of approximately 833,500 photographic negatives, the majority of which are black and white 35mm.
The negatives are arranged by subject heading, although there are more subject headings here than in the print series, and tend to be local in nature. Negatives for photographs of personalities have been separated out of the main arrangement.
Immediate source of acquisition
The negatives are arranged alphabetically by subject, with subject headings that were developed by the Telegram's library staff.
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
There is no systematic way to cross reference prints with Telegram negatives. A careful random sampling in the summer of 1996 revealed no matches, leaving the impression that the prints were the photos selected for publication and the negatives in the collection represent the photos not used.
Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
York University holds the copyright on any photographic print or negative taken by a Toronto Telegram staff photographer taken on or after 1962.
Any photographic print or negative taken by a Toronto Telegram staff photographer prior to 1962 is now in the public domain.
For any photographic print or negative taken by an independent photographer or wire service, the copyright remains with the company, individual photographer or estate, as stipulated by Canada's Copyright Act.
A draft inventory of the listing is available in the Archives Reading Room, as is a pdf file of the inventory linked to this description.
Standard number area
Subject access points
Name access points
Genre access points
Description record identifier
Rules or conventions
In house convention
Level of detail
Dates of creation, revision and deletion
2015-06-15 record created by Anna St.Onge based on legacy finding aids.
Language of description
Legacy finding aid