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Authority record

Canadian Law and Society Association/l’Association canadienne droit et société

  • //
  • Corporate body
  • 1982-

The Canadian Law and Society Association/l'Association canadienne droit et société is a group of scholars dedicated to the advancement of interdisciplinarity in legal and socio-legal scholarship in Canada and internationally. The association focuses on training in law, history, sociology, political science, criminology, psychology, anthropology, and economics as well as in other related areas. It awards prizes for socio-legal scholarship; holds a small midwinter meeting and a large annual conference and graduate student workshop; and publishes the "Canadian Journal of Law & Society/La revue canadienne droit et société." The CLSA/ACDS was formed in 1982 to provide a sense of intellectual community for a growing group of Canadian scholars interested in the relationship between law and society. In 1985 the association held a conference at the University of Montreal, where the decision to formally establish the association and journal was made. John McLaren was elected president with Peter Russell as vice-president, and the association obtained formal “learned society” status. The journal’s first issue appeared in 1986 under the editorship of Rainer Knopf. In recent years, the association has participated in independent and co-operative projects and conferences.

Leckie, Mary Young

  • 106442352
  • Person

Mary Young Leckie was educated at York University where she studied Canadian film, Fine Arts and Canadian Literature. As a production manager/line producer, she has worked on film and television productions for CBC, NBC, PBS, Disney, TV Ontario, MGM and Orion. During the 1980's Leckie produced the TV series "Spirit Bay". Leckie's first independent film "Where the Spirit Lives" (1990) with Heather Goldin was the winner of over 30 international awards. She formed Tapestry Pictures Inc. with Goldin in 1999. Leckie's major production credits include the TV mini-series "The Arrow", the CBC performing arts series "Gzowski in Conversation", the films "Children of My Heart" (2000) and "By Jeeves" (2001), the CTV network movie of the week, "Tagged: The Jonathan Wamback Story" (2001) and the CBC television mini-series "Shattered City: The Halifax Explosion" (2003) and "Prom Queen : The Mark Hall Story" (2004). In February 2005, Leckie and her partner Heather Haldane relaunched Tapestry Pictures as Screen Door with an aim at increasing its domestic and international connections. Their first project "Spirit Bear : The Simon Jackson Story" was distributed in the United States by L.A. based MarVista Entertainment. Among Screen Door's development projects are the mini-series "Everest!", "Vengeance : The Donnelly Massacre," "Hockey Dreams," "MVP" and the documentaries "Labyrinth of Desire", "The Nut" and "Maple Leaf Up".

Robertson, Ray, 1966-

  • 11076676
  • Person
  • 1966-

Ray Robertson, author, was born and raised in Chatham, Ontario. He graduated from the University of Toronto (B.A. Hon., Philosophy) and Southwest Texas State University (Master of Fine Arts, Creative Writing), and has taught creative writing and literature at the University of Toronto and York University. He wrote the novels "Home movies" (1997), "Heroes" (2000, republished in 2015), "Gently down the stream" (2005), "Moody food" (2006 in the United States, 2010 in Canada), "What happened later" (2007, translated into French in 2012), "David" (2009), and "I was there the night he died" (2014). His non-fiction includes "Mental hygiene : essays on writers and writing" (2003), "Why not? Fifteen reasons to live (2011, translated into German in 2012), and "Lives of the poets (with guitars)" (2016), as well as book reviews for "The Globe and mail."

Greek Community of Toronto

  • 119236032RR0001
  • Corporate body
  • 1909-

The Greek Community of Toronto (GCT) is a communal institution established in 1909, incorporated in 1965 and is a registered non-profit charitable organization.

Representing over 150,000 Canadians of Hellenic descent in the Greater Toronto Area, the GCT and its members share a common desire to serve and promote the objectives of our organization. They are committed to providing an environment for Greek culture and heritage to flourish, thus enriching the unique social and cultural fabric within a vibrant and diverse Canada.

The Greek Community of Toronto is governed by a hierarchy of decision-making bodies, principal among them the Board of Directors and The General Assembly.

Music Gallery

  • 127774825
  • Corporate body
  • 1976-

The Music Gallery is a musician-run venue, located in Toronto, for the performance of electronic music, multimedia productions, dance, contemporary jazz and world music. It was established in 1976 by the Canadian Creative Music Collective (CCMC), a composer/improvisor collective initially aligned with the free-jazz movement. The Music Gallery was directed jointly by the CCMC's Peter Anson and Allan Mattes from 1976-1989 and soley by Mattes from 1980-1987. Jim Montgomery assumed direction in 1987, a position he held until 2005 when Jonathan Bruce became its interim director. By 1990, it averaged nearly 65 concerts annually and has hosted up to 150 concerts in a year. Through the 1980's and 1990's The Music Gallery was the home of the CCMC but also served as the home base of the Canadian Electronic Ensemble, the Glass Orchestra, the Evergreen Club Gamelan Orchestra, Hemispheres, New Music Co-op and Sound Pressure among other groups. It produced 'Ear It Live, a traveling festival of improvised music that toured Ontario and Quebec from 1979-1988 and sponsored an annual electronic music festival from 1979-1991. It has hosted residencies by artists including Derek Bailey, Mischa Megelberg and Barre Phillips. It has also operated it own record label, Music Gallery Editions, and is responsible for the issuing of some 27 lps, many of which are live performances taped at the Gallery itself including recordings of the CCMC, Lubomyr Melnyk, The Artists' Jazz Band, John Oswald, Peggy Sampson, Casey Sokol and The Nihilist Spasm Band. Music Gallery performances have also been featured on CBC Radio and CKLN-FM in Toronto.

Hefferon, D.C.

  • 1286845
  • Person
  • 1933-

Dennis Charles Hefferon (1933- ) taught at the Osgoode Hall Law School and was active in the affiliation agreement that saw the school relocate on the York University campus in 1968. In 1970 he also began teaching in the Faculty of Environmental Studies at York. He left the University in 1988. In addition to his teaching activity, Hefferon was interested in planning issues and has supplied legal advice to the City of Toronto on questions involving development. He was a member of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board. Hefferon was the legal counsel to the Province of Manitoba on question involving development and planning. He has also served the Law Society of Upper Canada and the Canadian Association of Law Teachers, where he has developed ideas on the teaching of law in Canada. In addition, Hefferon has written several articles and co-authored works including, 'Cases and material on Property Law', 'Cases and materials on real estate transactions' (1976-1977), 'Cases and materials on land use planning' (1976-1977), and others.

Canadian Association of Professional Dance Organizations

  • 130139580
  • Corporate body
  • 1978-

The Canadian Association of Professional Dance Organizations (CAPDO) is the only national service organization for dance in Canada. Established in 1978 and incorporated in 1981, CAPDO helps to serve the interests of dancers and dance organizations across Canada regardless of their stage of development and experience. It represents the collective interests of its members in seeking out public support for its initiative to expand opportunities for professional development and creativity within the discipline. Its members are the major professional dance companies and institutions in Canada with proven records of professional achievement and artistic merit. In 1990, CAPDO undertook a formal review of its structure, objectives and administration with the primary purpose of expanding its membership and better representing the needs of a broader spectrum of the dance community. The membership today consists of dance companies, training and re-training institutions and other agencies serving the professional dance community.

Canadian Friends of Finland

  • 134795206
  • Corporate body
  • 1982-

The Canadian Friends of Finland (CFF) was founded in 1982 by a group of Finnish Canadian volunteers led by Professor Varpu Lindstrom of York University. The mandate of the CFF is to develop and promote friendly relations and cultural and educational connections between Canadians and Finns. Since its founding in Toronto, the CFF has established active branches in Montreal, Ottawa, and Vancouver. In 1990 the CFF established the CFF Education Foundation (CFFEF) to support the Finnish Studies Program at the University of Toronto.

Molinaro, Matie

  • 13759228
  • Person
  • 1922-2015

Matie Molinaro (née Armstrong) was a literary agent and the founder and president of the Canadian Speakers' and Writers Service, a literary agency and management company for writers, public speakers, and actors.

She was born on 24 March 1922 in Long Island, New York to William and Marion Armstrong. She graduated from Barnard College, Columbia University in 1943. During the Second World War, she served with the Red Cross and later with the Office of War Information in Algiers, Naples, Rome, and Trieste, as a war correspondent in the Psychological Warfare Branch. She met Julius Molinaro of Toronto in Rome and they subsequently married in Trieste.

After the war they settled in Toronto in the fall of 1946 with Julius returning to teach in the Italian Department at the University of Toronto. She became the book editor for the Italian-Canadian literary magazine Ecco. For a brief time she worked for McLelland & Stewart and subsequently she worked as an editor for Maclean's Magazine under the magazine's fiction editor, W. O. Mitchell. In 1950 she founded the Canadian Speakers' and Writers' Service. Since that time it has represented the interests of several leading Canadian authors, performers and speakers including Marshall McLuhan, Harry Boyle, Mavor Moore, Celia Franca, Peter Stersburg, Lister Sinclair, Don Harron, and several others. The Service also ran a writer's retreat north of Toronto until the late 1980s. Molinaro also acted as a ghost-writer, wrote publicity, and translated material in her career as president of CSWS.

In 1987, she was the co-editor, with Corinne McLuhan, of the book Letters of Marshall McLuhan (Toronto: Oxford University Press). Another area of interest was art history and for most of the 1980's she undertook a research project with her friend Barbara Brescia, on the subject of high renaissance and the old masters. This led to a published article, "The Randel Venus: A Lost Correggio" Italian Canadiana 3, no. 1 (spring 1987). It was later updated and published in the June 1992 issue of Apollo: The International Art Magazine.

Matie Molinaro died 10 May 2015 in Toronto.

Bouchet, Edward A. (Edward Alexander), 1852-1918

  • 14437769
  • Person
  • 15 September 1852- 28 October 1918

Edward Alexander Bouchet (September 15, 1852 – October 28, 1918) was an African American physicist and educator. In 1874, he became one of the first African Americans to graduate from Yale College,[a] and was the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. from any American university, completing his dissertation in physics at Yale in 1876. On the basis of his academic record he was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society.

Professional Librarians' Association of York University (PLAYU)

  • 146507456
  • Corporate body
  • 1970-1975

The Professional Librarians' Association of York University was established in 1970. The objectives of PLAYU were to support and improve library service to the York community, to foster professional development of the librarians, and to promote the interests of its members. Membership was open to all professional librarians on campus, the Director of Libraries and all those who reported to that officer. The Association had a President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer, and an annual meeting. The Association played a role in establishing the professional status of librarians on campus. Librarians were placed on par with faculty and they were eventually admitted to the York University Faculty Association. With the development of the Library Council in 1976 and in the light of the librarians' membership in YUFA, the reasons for PLAYU's existence disappeared and the organization was disbanded in 1975.

Canadian Creative Music Collective (CCMC)

  • 147681489
  • Corporate body
  • 1974-

Based on entry in The Canadian Encyclopedia:
"CCMC. 'Free music orchestra' formed in 1974 in Toronto as the Canadian Creative Music Collective. Only the abbreviation was in use by 1978. Defining itself as 'a composing ensemble... united by a desire to play music that is fluid, spontaneous, and self-regulating,' the CCMC, by its instrumentation, by the backgrounds of several of its founders, and by the improvised nature of its music, was initially aligned with the free jazz community.

Its original members were Peter Anson (guitar and later synthesizer); Graham Coughtry (trombone); Larry Dubin (percussion); Greg Gallagher (saxophones); Nobuo Kubota (saxophones); Allan Mattes (bass, bass guitar, electronics); Casey Sokol (piano); Bill Smith (saxophones); and Michael Snow (piano, trumpet, guitar, analogue synthesizer). Gallagher, Coughtry and Smith left 1976-7, Dubin died in 1978 and Anson departed in 1979. The remaining quartet was augmented by the drummer John Kamevaar in 1981. Sokol left in 1988, Kubota in 1991 and Damevaar and Mattes in 1994, and the vocalist Paul Dutton became a member in 1989 and John Oswald (alto sax) as of 1994. The CCMC began moving toward improvised electroacoustic music: instrumentation in 1990 comprised guitar-synthesizer and double bass (Mattes); wind synthesizer (Kubota); tapes and live electronic sampling (Kamevaar); voice (Dutton and Kubota); and piano (Snow).

After early performances in private, the CCMC established the Music Gallery in 1976, performing there on a twice-weekly basis until 1983, and later weekly. CCMC members were responsible for the gallery's operation until 1987 - Anson and Mattes 1976-80, Mattes alone thereafter - and established the Music Gallery Editions record label and Musicworks. After 2000, the CCMC's relationship with the Music Gallery ceased.

The CCMC has travelled widely, making four tours in Canada by 1982 and five in Europe 1978-85. It performed at the FIMAV (Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville) in 1984 and again in 1997, at the 1984 summer Olympics in Los Angeles, at Expo 86, in Japan in 1988 and for New Music America, Montreal, in 1990. It later appeared in France (1998); Texas (1999); New York (2001); and in 2002 in England, the Netherlands, France and Germany. It has also played in various festivals in Canada, eg, Open Ears (Kitchener-Waterloo) and No Music Festival (London, Ont). The ensemble since 1995 has been a trio, consisting of Dutton (voice or soundsinging, harmonica); John Oswald (alto sax); and Snow (piano, analogue synthesizer).

Music Gallery Editions released six LPs recorded by the CCMC 1976-80: CCMC Vol 1 (MGE-1), CCMC Vol 2 (MGE-2), CCMC Vol 3 (MGE-6), Larry Dubin and the CCMC (3-MGE-15), Free Soap (MGE-22) and Without a Song (MGE-31). Two cassettes, CCMC 90, documenting the 1989-90 season at the Gallery, were issued in 1990. These were followed by the CDs Decisive Moments (TLR 02, 1994); Accomplices (VITOcd063, 1998) and CCMC + Christian Marclay (NMRx0003/ART MET CD004, 2002)."

Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF)

  • 150070008
  • Corporate body
  • 1946-1981

The Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) was established in 1946 as the educational arm of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare (SCHW). SCEF became a completely separate organization the following year and based most of its activities out of its New Orleans, Louisiana, office. James Anderson Dombrowski directed the group and edited its monthly newspaper, the Southern Patriot. Dombrowski and Aubrey Williams became the most visible figures in SCEF during the 1950s, and they helped establish the organization as a leading proponent of integration and civil rights in the South. Veteran journalists and civil rights activists Anne and Carl Braden directed SCEF from the mid 1960s into the 1970s. They forged close ties with regional and local southern civil rights groups, kept civil rights issues in the national media and strengthened SCEF fundraising activities. SCEF worked closely with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) from the early 1960s on. Anti-communists in Congress and state government frequently attacked SCEF as a communist front. In 1963, police raided the New Orleans offices and arrested several officials for violating Louisiana's anti-communist laws. The United States Supreme Court overturned the laws in 1965, after SCEF challenged the arrests in court. The Bradens moved SCEF's offices from New Orleans to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1966. The organization continued to work toward the goal of a southern interracial future. In July of 1973, a group of Black Panthers kidnapped, at gunpoint, two SCEF officials, Helen Greever and Earl Scott. The two eventually escaped, but the incident caused deep divisions within SCEF that were evidenced over the following few months. At a SCEF board meeting in Birmingham, Alabama, in October of 1973, board member Walter Collins denounced several Communist Party members, including Greever, arguing that they had placed the policies of the party over the best interests of SCEF. Collins argued that the Communists had caused the disputes with the Panthers. He and other board members voted to oust the Communists over the opposition of the Bradens. Eventually, SCEF moved to Atlanta, Georgia where internal disputes and financial problems plagued the organization. The Southern Patriot changed its name to the Southern Struggle. Several local chapters, in Florida, West Virginia, and North Carolina, remained particularly active. By 1981, however, financial problems caused the group to consider moving to Dallas, merging with other organizations, or disbanding altogether.

Archival records of the SCEF are held by Georgia State University. Finding aid available at:

Odom, Selma Landen

  • 22427941
  • Person

Selma Landen Odom is a dance historian and writer. Formally educated in English Literature, Theatre History, and Dance Studies, Odom earned her BA from Wellesley College, MA from Tufts University(1967), and PhD from the University of Surrey(1991). She was recruited to teach in the Department of Dance at York University in 1972 and became the founding director of the University’s MA and PhD programs in Dance and Dance Studies—the first programs of their kind in Canada. Her research interests include dance, music, education and gender studies. She has maintained a long-term research focus on Dalcroze Eurythmics, a kinaesthetic practice that takes the body as the source of musical understanding. The topic forms the basis of Odom's Master’s and PhD dissertations, numerous articles in publications such as American Dalcroze Journal, and an anticipated monograph. In addition to this work, she has published articles and encyclopedia entries on the lives of Mary Wood Hinman, Madeleine Boss Lasserre, and Saida Gerrard, and other subjects. She is co-editor of Canadian Dance: Visions and Stories(Dance Collection Danse, 2004) and technical editor of Adventures of a Ballet Historian: An Unfinished Memoir, by Ivor Guest(Dance Horizons, 2011). Odom is a member of the board of Dance Collection Danse and a regular contributor to The Dance Current. In 1998, she was awarded the Faculty of Graduate Studies Teaching Award at York University. Odom retired to Emeritus status in the early 2000s. She continues to teach graduate seminars and to fulfill a post as an Adjunct Associate of the Centre of Drama, Theatre and Performance Studies at the University of Toronto. In 2010, the Selma Odom Lecture Series was inaugurated at York University to honour her contribution to Dance scholarship and teaching.

Wicken, William Craig, 1955-

  • 260416563
  • Person
  • 1955-

William Craig Wicken studied history at McGill University, earning a B.A. in 1983, a M.A. in 1985, and a Ph.D. in 1994 for his thesis, "Encounters with tall sails and tall tales : Mi'kmaq society, 1500-1760." His doctorate led to employment as a contract researcher with the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in 1993, and from 1993 to 1995 as a researcher with the Treaty and Aboriginal Rights Research Centre in Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia, on the Aboriginal Title Project that was established by the Confederacy of Mainland Micmacs and the Union of Nova Scotia Indians. Wicken was appointed an Assistant Professor with York University's Department of History in 1996, and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2000. His knowledge of Mi'kmaq society and land treaties led to the frequent engagement of his services since 1995 to prepare historical reports and affidavits, and to testify as an expert witness in several legal cases in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland involving commercial fishing, moose hunting, selling tobacco without charging federal taxes, and harvesting and selling timber from Crown lands. He has reported on this work through conference presentations, articles in scholarly journals and books, and his monograph, "Mi'kmaq treaties on trial : history, land and Donald Marshall Junior" (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002), winner of the Canadian Historical Association's annual Clio Award for the best book on Atlantic Canada.

Welby, Victoria, Lady, 1837-1912

  • 29543057
  • Person
  • 1837-1912

Lady Victoria Welby (1837-1912) was a philosopher, author and prolific correspondent.
She was the daughter of Charles Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (second son of James Stuart-Wortley, 1st Baron Wharncliffe), MP for Bossiney (1830-1832) and Emmeline Manners (daughter of John Manners, 5th Baron of Rutland and Lady Elizabeth Howard the daughter of the Earl of Carlisle), poet, traveller and editor of the annual "Keepsake" in 1837. Following the death of her father in 1844 and her brother Adelbert in 1847, Victoria accompanied her mother Emmeline on a series of travels throughout Europe, North and South America and the Middle East. As a result she did not receive a formal education typical of young girls of her class, although she did publish a travel memoir in 1852,"A Young Traveller's Journal of a Tour in North and South America During the Year 1850" (T. Bosworth, 1852).

During a trip through the Ottoman Empire, Victoria's mother died of dysentery en route from Antioch to Beruit, leaving Victoria orphaned and stranded. Upon her return to England, Victoria lived with her grandfather, the Duke of Rutland, later becoming a member of the household of the Duchess of Kent, Queen Victoria's mother. She would later serve as a maid of honour to Queen Victoria, her godmother.

In 1863, Victoria married William Welby-Gregory, MP for Grantham (son of Glynne Earle Welby-Gregory and Frances Cholmeley). They resided at Grantham in Lincolnshire. The couple had three children: Victor (1864-1876), Charles (1865-1938) and Emmeline (1867-1955), known as "Nina."

Starting at around 1863, Welby began building up a social network with leading thinkers, scientists, psychologists and other public figures. This coincided with a rigorous schedule of self-education after her marriage, begun at the encouragement of her husband. The Welby home was the site of many visits and gatherings of learned men throughout her lifetime. Accompanying this was Welby's robust correspondence with many leading philosophers, psychologists, theologians, novelists, scientists, mathematicians, artists and poets. She had notable exchanges with such figures as Charles Peirce, Francis Galton, C.K. Ogden, Mrs. W.K. (Lucy) Clifford, James Sully, Friedrich Max Müller, Sir Oliver Lodge, Peter Lang, Julia Wedgwood, Rev. Edward Stuart Talbot and others. In addition to being a member of the Aristotelian Society of London as well as the Sociological Society of Great Britain, there is evidence that Welby was involved in intellectual debates developed by members of the Society for Psychical Research.

Welby was heavily involved in the founding of the School of Art Needlework (later known as the Royal School of Needlework) which was founded in 1872 on Sloan Street in London, initially employing 20 women.

Starting in 1872, Welby began publishing essays and pamphlets, anonymously or in in collaboration with others. These works are frequently only attributed to "V.W." The topics focused on motherhood, Christian theology, scripture or spiritual matters. In the 1880s she published a number of essays, poems, and copies of her public addresses through W. Clarke, a local printer in Grantham. These works reflected her reading on theological matters, and culminated with an edition of essays published in 1881 (a second edition in 1883) titled "Links and Clues." She also published articles and poems in publications such as "Nineteenth Century."

Welby's intellectual focus shifts in the 1890s to issues of mental evolution, psychology and eugenics, privately printing her work for distribution through her correspondence and also publishing in periodicals such as "Monist" and "Mind." In 1893 she introduces the term "sensifics" to designate her theory of meaning. She would later replace this term with "significs." In 1896 she sponsored "The Welby Prize" for best essay on the critique of philosophical and psychological terminology based on a "significal perspective."

In 1897 she published "Grains of Sense" a collection of her 'essaylets', parables, satires and aphorisms that formed what Susan Petrilli has called "an appeal to scholars to adopt a more scientific approach to all areas of study and research, for the improvement of our powers of interpretation, ultimately of human thought and action. (Petrilli,98).

In October 1900 she delivered a series of lectures on significs at Oxford University and in 1902 James M. Baldwin's "Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology in Three Volumes" features entries on "Translation" and "Significs" written or co-written by Welby. This was the first official recognition of her new approach to the study of sign, meaning and understanding. She would later publish "What is meaning? Studies in the Development of Significance" with Jonathan Cape in 1903. The 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Brittanica would also feature an entry on "Significs" written by Welby.

In 1903 she visited pragmatists Giovanni Vailati and Mario Calderoni in Italy. In the same year she was a founding member of the Sociological Society of Great Britain.

In 1911 Welby also published "Significs and Language: the Articulate Form of Our Expressive and Interpretative Resources" (MacMillan). A companion volume of collected essays edited by George F. Stout and John W. Slaughter was planned but never published.

In January 1912 Welby suffered from partial aphasia and paralysis. She died at the age of 74 on 29 March 1912.

Gehl, Lynn

  • 306379226
  • Person
  • 1962-

Lynn Gehl is an Algonquin Anishinaabe-kwe from the Ottawa River Valley, Ontario, Canada. She describes herself as a learner-researcher, thinker, writer, Black Face blogger, and she has been an Indigenous human rights advocate for 27 years. Lynn works to eliminate the continued sex discrimination in the Indian Act, and she is also an outspoken critic of the contemporary land claims and self-government process. She has a doctorate in Indigenous Studies, a Master of Arts in Canadian and Native Studies, and an undergraduate degree in Anthropology. She also has a diploma in Chemical Technology and worked in the field of environmental science for 12 years in the area of toxic organic analysis of Ontario’s waterways. While advocating for change is currently part of what she does, she is also interested in traditional knowledge systems that guide the Anishinaabeg forward to a good life.

Januário, Ilda, 1950-

  • 308766204
  • Person
  • 1950-

Ilda Januário (b 1950), is a Portuguese scholar raised in Quebec. Studying anthropology at McGill University and the University of Montreal, her Master's thesis focused on the Portuguese women in Montreal ("Les activites economiques des immigrantes portugaises au Portugal et a Montreal a travers les recits de vie"). Moving to Toronto in 1982, Januário has been a research chair at OISE (Ontario Institute for Studies in Education) since 1985.

Januário was involved in the Portuguese-Canadian Coalition for Better Education, a volunteer umbrella group which advocates for Portuguese-Canadian and working-class students and parents in Toronto public and Catholic schools. She has also served as president of the Toronto Portuguese Parents' Association (TPPA) from 1994 to 2003. Januário has also worked in the Centre for the Study of Education and Work (CSEW), as well as the serving as coordinator for the Research Network on Work and Lifelong Learning (WALL).

Januário was also involved in the Comite Lar dos Idosos, a committee arising out of the 50th Anniversary: Celebrating Portuguese Canadians Committee that succeeded in obtaining a number of beds at the Yee Hong Centre for Geriatric Care in Mississauga designated for Luso-Canadians).

Regent Park Film Festival

  • 32158066610008431833
  • Corporate body
  • 2003-

The Regent Park Film Festival is Toronto's longest running free-of-charge community film festival, dedicated to showcasing local and international independent works relevant to inner-city life. In 2003, Chandra Siddan, a filmmaker and student in the York University’s “Regent Park Community Education Program”, founded the RPFF as an alternative educational setting for an assignment with support from her instructor Jeff Kugler, principal of Nelson Mandela Park Public School, who offered his school as the venue for the event, and Prof. Harry Smaller who garnered broadly-based support from the University.

For seven years, the festival screened at the Nelson Mandela Park Public School before moving to the Lord Dufferin Public School for 2010 and 2011. On the tenth anniversary in 2012, the festival and its offices moved into the Daniels Spectrum cultural hub and started delivering year-round programming such as workshops and community screenings.

In 2007, a year after RPFF incorporated, Siddan stepped down as Festival Director and was replaced by Karin Haze until 2010, Richard Fung in 2011, Ananya Ohri from 2012 to 2018, and Tendisai Cromwell as of 2018.

In 2017, the RPFF embarked on a three-year home movie archive project titled “Home Made Visible” after receiving funding from the Canadian Council for the Arts New Chapter. The three-part nationwide project digitized home movies from the Indigenous and visible minority communities and donated a selection of clips for preservation, commissioned six artist films, and exhibited the artworks and selected home movie clips across Canada to encourage discussions around diverse histories and futures.

Perkins, Patricia E.

  • 41113491
  • Person
  • 1955-

Ellie Perkins is an economist concerned with the relationship between international trade, the environment, and local economies. She is interested in globalization, and how local economies may grow as an antidote to international trade. She also looks at international means of controlling air pollution in the Arctic, and at the metals and minerals resource industries.

Perkins has been involved in ongoing work with the South Riverdale Community Health Centre related to lead pollution in downtown Toronto. At York, she teaches courses in Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, and Community Economic Development. Perkins often works with students pursuing research themes related to community economic development, trade and the environment, and feminist economics.

Perkins is currently editing a book on feminist ecological economics.

Lewis, Wyndham, 1882-1957

  • 41843119
  • Person
  • 1882-1957

Wyndham Lewis (1882-1957) was an artist, novelist, critic and self-styled rebel. Born on a boat off the coast of Nova Scotia in to an American father and English mother, Lewis spent his early childhood living in Maritime outports until the family returned to England where his parents separated in 1893. Often in an antagonistic relationship with his Canadian origins, Lewis frequently referred to Toronto a "sanctimonious ice box" to correspondents during his residency in the city during WWII.

Lewis is perhaps best known as the chief instigator of the Vorticist art movement in England, a form of Cubo-Futurism, which flourished prior to WWI. The editor of the celebrated avant-garde magazine BLAST, Lewis, along with his friend Ezra Pound, stood out as a leader of the movement, particularly because of his penchant for controversy and provocative stances.

Although he spent the majority of his adult life in England, Lewis had several periods where he had a direct engagement with Canadian society. During WWI, he escaped active duty as a bombardier working instead as a war artist, where he was responsible for creating significant works of art for the Canadian War Memorials Fund, notably A Canadian Gun-Pit (1918) which resides in the National Gallery of Canada.

During WWII he and his wife found refuge in Canada where he supported himself as a portrait painter in Toronto and as a teacher at Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario. In fact, his novel Self-Condemned (1954) is set in Momaco, a fictionalized Toronto. He and his wife resided at the Tudor Hotel on Sherbourne Street from 1940 to 1943, until a hotel fire forced them to move.

Lewis's writing and art have had significant influence on major Canadian figures, most notably the author Sheila Watson and the media theorist Marshall McLuhan. Befriended by McLuhan during WWII, Lewis had a significant impact on McLuhan's theories on media and in particular his concept of "the global village" and the study of the mechanical environment as a teaching machine.

After the war Lewis and his wife returned to England where he continued to write criticism and published a semi-autobiographical novel "Self-Condemned." Wyndham Lewis went completely blind in 1951 and died in England on 7 March 1957.

Nelles, H. V.

  • 50408770
  • Person
  • 1942-

H.V. (Henry Vivian) Nelles was born in 1942 and educated at the University of Toronto where he received his B.A. (1964), M.A. (1965) and his PhD. (1970). A professor in the Department of History at York University since 1970, he was appointed Distinguished Research Professor of History at York in June 2001. In July 2004 he was appointed first L.R. Wilson Professor in Canadian History at McMaster University, and has been a visiting professor at Harvard University, and in Japan. In addition to teaching, Nelles was the Chair of the Ontario Council of University Affairs (1988-1992), co-editor of the Canadian Historical Review (1988-1992) and was a general editor of the Social History of Canada series (1978-1988). He is the author and/or editor of numerous books, among them "The Art of Nation-Building: Pageantry and Spectacle at Quebec’s Tercentenary", "Monopoly’s Moment: The Organization and Regulation of Canadian Utilities, 1830-1930", "The Politics of Development: Forests, Mines and Hydro-Electric Power in Ontario, 1849-1941" and, most recently, "A Little History of Canada". He is the recipient of several awards including Le Prix Lionel Groulx, the Toronto Book Award, and has twice received the Sir John A. Macdonald Prize of the Canadian Historical Association for the best book on Canadian History.

Weinstein, Larry

  • 51897466
  • Person
  • 1956-

Larry Weinstein is a director, producer and writer. He is one of the founding members of Rhombus Media Inc., a production company based in Toronto. Weinstein specializes in film and television related to music and music history. He has directed and produced such films as All That Bach (1985), Making Overtures (1985), Greta Kraus (ca. 1985), Ravel (1987), Eternal Earth,( 1987), For the Whales (1989), The Radical Romantic: John Weinzweig (1990), Noches on los jardines de Espana (1990), Life and Death of Manuel de Falla (1991), My War Years: Arnold Schoenberg (1992), Weinzeig's World (1992), El retablo de Maese Pedro (1992), Concierto de Aranjuez (1993), Shadows and Light (1993), Concerto! (1993), The Music of Kurt Weill - September Songs (an episode of Great Performances broadcast in 1994), Satie and Suzanne (1994), Solidarity Song: The Hanns Eisler Story (1995), Hong Kong Symphony (1997), The War Symphonies: Shostakovich Against Stalin (1997), Tuscan Skies: Andrea Bocelli (2001), Ravel's Brain (2001), Toothpaste (2002), Stormy Weather: The Music of Harold Arlen (2003),Beethoven's Hair (2005), Burnt Toast (2005, Mozartballs (2006), Toscanini in His Own Words (2009), Inside Hana's Suitcase (2009), Devil's Delight, God's Wrath (2011), Mulroney: The Opera (2011), Wrath (2011), and Our Man in Tehran (2013).

Weinstein has received numerous awards throughout his career, including Gemini awards for Beethoven's Hair (Best Direction in a Performing Arts Program or Series, 2005) and September Songs: the Music of Kurt Weill (Best Music, Variety Program or Series, with Niv Fichman, 1997). His 1985 film Making Overtures: The Story of a Community Orchestra was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Short. In 1998, Weinstein and other Rhombus Media principals, Niv Fichman, Barbara Willis Sweete, and Sheena MacDonald, were granted honorary doctorates from York University.

Archambeau, Gerald A., 1933-

  • 56146689
  • Person
  • 1933-

Gerald A. Archambeau is a Canadian citizen (b.1933) who emigrated from Jamaica to Montreal in 1947. He was the first black adolescent to join the Canadian Naval Cadets in Montreal in 1948, and the first black telegraph messenger to work for the Angelo American Telegraph Company. Archambeau worked as a passenger car attendant for the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway in the 1950s. From 1967 to his retirement in 1993, Archambeau worked worked as a station attendant for Air Canada at the Malton (now Pearson International) airport. In 2004 Archambeau published his autobiography: "A Struggle To Walk With Dignity: The story of a Jamaican-born Canadian."

Archambeau's grandfather was a police inspector, naturalist, lecturer and explorer in Jamaica, Herbert T. Thomas.

His first wife was Gertrude Thomas. They had five sons and one daughter. The couple lost four of their sons during WWI. Archambeau's grandmother, Leonora Thomas, was Herbert T. Thomas' second wife. She was a seamstress and owned a local bakery. The couple had four daughters.

Archambeau's mother Phyllis A. Thomas, was a nurse. Phyllis had three sisters:Dorothy M. Thomas (also known as Dorothy Coot) was a legal secretary and the first female underwriter at New York Life Insurance Company; Beatrice V. Thomas was a cost accountant for a rum company based in Jamaica; Kathleen M. Thomas was also a legal secretary.

Additional biographical information can be found online through a Historica Canada recording of Archambeau speaking about his childhood in Jamaica. See:

Applebaum, Louis

  • 5982946
  • Person
  • 1918-2000

Louis Applebaum (1918-2000) was a composer, conductor, and arts administrator. He was born and educated in Toronto, except for one year studying in New York with Roy Harris and Bernard Wagenaar. His career in film began in 1940, composing scores for the National Film Board of Canada, later becoming its Music Director. His over 200 film scores included productions in Canada, Hollywood, England and New York and were awarded many honours such as an Academy Award nomination (The Story of G.I. Joe, 1945), Canadian Film Award, Genie and Gemini. Applebaum was the first Music Director of the Stratford Festival and composed scores for over 70 of its plays. He founded and operated its Music and Film Festivals and conducted operas at Stratford and on tour. His fanfares have introduced every Festival theatre performance since opening night in 1953. Scores for radio, TV series and specials, numbering in the hundreds, have been heard on the CBC, CTV, BBC, CBS, NBC, and United Nations radio. His concert works in all genres have been widely performed throughout the world and include large works for symphony, ballet and the music stage. His commissions for ceremonial occasions include the inauguration of three Governors-General, the opening of Expo 67 in Montreal and visits by the Queen. His last opera, Erewhon, with a libretto by Mavor Moore was premiered by Pacific Opera Victoria in 2000. Applebaum was a consultant to many artistic institutions: the National Arts Centre (1964-1967) where he was instrumental in the creation of the NAC Orchestra, the Canada Council (1957-1999), and the Universities of Ottawa, Windsor and York. He helped found the Canadian League of Composers, the Canadian Music Centre, the Canadian Conference of the Arts, the Canadian Guild of Film Composers and was closely associated with the Banff Centre, the Canadian Music Council and the Laidlaw Foundation as Chair of its Arts Panel. Applebaum was one of the founders of C-Channel (a TV arts channel) and Group Four Productions (a film production company) and for many years taught at York University. In 1971, he became Executive Director of the Ontario Arts Council, resigning in 1979 to become Chairman of the Federal Cultural Policy Review Committee which submitted its Report to the Canadian Government in the Fall of 1982. He was president of CAPAC, the performing rights society in 1988 and subsequently chaired a committee leading to the creation of SOCAN (the Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada) and became its first president (1990). He would later serve as President of the SOCAN foundation. In recognition of his contributions to the arts in Canada, Applebaum was bestowed with many honours including Officer and Companion, Order of Canada (1976, 1995), Order of Ontario (1989), Centennial Medal (1967), Honourary LLD, York University (1979), and Arts Toronto Lifetime Achievement Award (1998).

Williamson, Mary F., 1933-

  • 66515614
  • Person
  • 1933-

Mary F. Williamson (1933- ), Senior Librarian and Fine Arts Bibliographer, York University; M.A. and M.L.S. (University of Toronto). Williamson's research has focused on the early literature of Canadian art, on printmaking and book illustration in Canada in the nineteenth century, on art librarianship, and on the history of food and cookery. She has taught art librarianship at various graduate library schools in North America, and has published numerous articles on Canadian wood engraving, book and periodical illustration, art librarianship and culinary history. Italian baroque drawings have been a special interest for many years and examples from her collection have been lent to exhibitions in Canada and abroad.
She has contributed articles to various encyclopedias including: The Grove Dictionary of Art (2000) and The History of the Book in Canada vols. 1 and 2 (2004-2005). Her major publications include: The Art and Pictorial Press in Canada with Karen McKenzie (1979); Art and Architecture in Canada : A Bibliography and Guide to the Literature with Loren Lerner (1991); and Toronto Dancing Then and Now (1995). Williamson has also been active with professional librarian associations, and as a private citizen in local residents' associations.

Granville, Evelyn B.

  • 76157097
  • Person
  • 1 May 1924 -

Born on May 1, 1924, in Washington, D.C., Evelyn Boyd Granville became only the second black woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. After joining IBM in 1956, she created computer software for NASA's Project Vanguard and Project Mercury space programs. Granville embarked on a 30-year career as a professor in 1967, and continued to encourage mathematical studies after retiring from the classroom.

Pollock, Harry J., 1920-

  • 76193317
  • Person
  • 1920-

Harry J. Pollock (1920- ) is an advertising executive, writer and teacher. He developed an interest in the work of James Joyce and established the James Joyce Society in Toronto in 1964. Pollock has written and staged several plays that were adaptations of Joyce's works, including 'Yes, I will yes,' 'Night boat from Dublin,' and 'Giacomo de Trieste,'. Pollock has delivered talks at Joyce symposia in Canada, Ireland and Italy, as well as co-editing proceedings from some of these Joyce conferences. He has also written a novel ('Gabriel,') and some poetry. In addition, Pollock has written and produced several television programmes and radio documentaries. In 1969 Pollock became a Fellow of Stong College, York University and offered college tutorials on Joyce and creative writing there until 1995. He received an honourary D.Litt in 1995 from York University. He also served as the curator of the Anglo-Irish collection at McMaster University in Hamilton, 1970-1972.

Gold, Gerald Louis, 1945-2016

  • 76338107
  • Person
  • 1945-2016

Gerald L. Gold (1945-2016) was born in Canada and educated there and in the United States, obtaining his PhD from the University of Minnesota (1972). Following teaching assignments at Guelph and Laval universities (1970-1975), he joined the Department of Anthropology at York (1976) and served as department chair (1984-1987). He is the author of several studies dealing with French-speaking minorities in North America including, 'Saint-Pascal: changing leadership and social organization in a Quebec town' (1975), 'The role of France, Quebec and Belgium in the revival of French in Louisiana schools' (1980), and others. His recent interest in northern communities is reflected in his work on Timmins, and the publication, 'Inter-group relations and the organization of ethnicity in a northern resource community' (1984).

Bouraoui, Hédi

  • 84969047
  • Person
  • 1932-

Dr. Hédi Bouraoui, C.M. (1932-) is a poet, novelist, essayist, and the acting writer-in-residence in York University's Department of French Studies. Born in Sfax, Tunisia and educated in the South-West of France, Bouraoui came to the United States in 1958 as a Fulbright Scholar, and received an MA in English and American Literature at Indiana University. Later, he would receive his PhD. in Romance Studies at Cornell University. Bouraoui's first appointment with York University was as the coordinator of French in the former Division of Literatures and Language Training, where he developed the Creaculture program. Bouraoui is an advocate for French-language literature, and is the author of more than twenty books of poetry, a dozen novels, and a number of books of literary criticism. Bouraoui's research and teaching interests include contemporary critical theory, postcolonial Francophone literatures, including North African, Caribbean, and Franco-Ontarian literature. In May of 2018, Bouraoui was recognized as a Member of the Order of Canada.

Marion, Andre

  • 93541556
  • Person

Marion Andre, director, playwright and writer, was born Marian Andrzej Czerniecki on January 12, 1920 in Le Havre, France. Andre was raised in Poland, survived The Holocaust, and established his career in Poland before emigrating to Canada in 1957. Andre taught as a drama specialist for the Protestant School Board in Montreal before becoming artistic director of the city's Saidye Bronfman Centre in 1967. In 1971, Andre came to Toronto to work in the theatre program at York. In 1972, he founded Theatre Plus at the St. Lawrence Centre in Toronto where he remained artistic director until his retirement in 1985. Andre is the author of several plays and documentaries that were produced by CBC Radio and Television both in English and French. His theatre works, mostly dealing with Jewish life in Poland during the Nazi occupation, have been presented on stages in Toronto, London, and New York. He has also served as a board member of the World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, the largest, international co-operative undertaking in the history of world theatre.

Schuster, Prof. Edgar

  • ?? ??
  • Person

Professor of eugenics (?)

Trevelyan, Mr.

  • ??
  • Person

May be G.M. Trevelyan.

Principe, Angelo, 1930-

  • AMICUS no. 478504
  • Person
  • 1930-

Angelo Principe was born in Delianuova, Reggio Calabria, Italy on 10 July 1930. He immigrated to Canada in 1957, settling in Toronto. He was a newspaper editor, a union activist, a member of the New Democratic Party (NDP), a supporter of the Waffle movement, an instructor of Italian culture, and a researcher of Italian Canadian social history. While working as a sales representative for Tre Stelle Cheese, Principe contributed to various Italian Canadian newspapers in the 1960s and was a founding editor of the Italian Canadian newspaper, Forze Nuove which was published from 1972 to 1982. He was a key figure in the Italian community in Toronto in the 1970s and 1980s for his support of various unions and political organizations, including the Associazione Democratica Italo-Canadese (ADI), which was the Italian wing of the NDP. Principe unsuccessfully ran in the riding of Davenport during the provincial election of 1972. Principe earned a B.A. in 1972, an M.A. in 1975, and a Ph.D. in 1989, all from the University of Toronto (U of T). He was an instructor of Italian culture at both U of T and York University and is now retired. Principe researched various aspects of Italian Canadian history and culture, publishing two books and many essays in both Italian and English publications.

Bartlett, E. H. (Ernest Henry), 1903-

  • F0122
  • Person
  • 1903-23 January 1975

Ernest Henry Bartlett was a journalist, military officer and travel writer.
Born in 1903, Bartlett was the son of Florence Emily Fortune and Thomas Edward Lear Bartlett of Plymouth, Devon, England. He emigrated to Canada with his mother and two brothers in 1932.
He enrolled in the navy in England in the 1920s but influenza kept him from serving. Once in Canada he found work on a Great Lakes freighter before illness forced him to resign. He eventually found work as a journalist with the Toronto Telegram from 1924 to 1969, where he was the local expert on naval issues. He became the paper’s travel editor in 1962.

Ernest enlisted as a public relations officer and war correspondent with the Canadian navy during World War II. He filed news reports on the war effort in the Pacific and Atlantic. On 14 August 1943, the motor torpedo boat that Bartlett was aboard was shelled in the Straits of Messina between Sicily and Calabria. He and his shipmates were captured and sent to a German POW camp in Marlag und Milag Nord. The camp was liberated 2 May 1946.
Bartlett returned to his career as a journalist, acting as the Toronto Telegram's feature editor, and later travel editor, including hosting a Telegram sponsored TV travel show on Channel 9 in Toronto.
Bartlett never married, instead shared a home with his mother Florence, and his younger brother Jack in Pickering, Ontario.
He died in Scarborough Centenary Hospital 23 January 1975.

Bartlett family

  • F0122
  • Family
  • fl. 1900-1980

The Bartlett family was based in Plymouth, England. Thomas Bartlett and his wife Florence Emily Fortune had four sons, Alan, Edward, Richard and Jack. Thomas died during the flu epidemic in 1920 and his son Alan died of flu in 1926. During WWI Florence served as a nurse in Plymouth. The remaining Bartlett sons emigrated to Canada with their mother and settled in Ontario. All three sons served during WWII.

Ernest Henry Bartlett enrolled in the navy in England in the 1920s but influenza kept him from serving. Once in Canada he found work on a Great Lakes freighter before illness forced him to resign. He eventually found work as a journalist with the Toronto Telegram from 1924 to 1969, where he was the local expert on naval issues. He became the paper’s travel editor in 1962.

Ernest enlisted as a public relations officer and war correspondent with the Canadian navy in WWII. He filed news reports on the war effort in the Pacific and Atlantic.

On 14 August 1943, the motor torpedo boat that Bartlett was aboard was shelled in the Straits of Messina between Sicily and Calabria. He and his shipmates were captured and sent to a German POW camp in Marlag und Milag Nord. The camp was liberated 2 May 1946.

Jack Fortune Bartlett was also a war correspondent with the Toronto Telegram and the Galt Reporter in Cambridge, ON. During the war, he served with the Highland Light Infantry and was wounded in Holland. He later wrote a history of the Highland Light Infantry.

Richard Lear Bartlett served overseas in the 14th Canadian Army Tank Regiment.

Sullivan, Paul, 1895-1971

  • F0141
  • Person
  • 1895-1971

John Paul Sullivan was born in Warwick Township, Lambton County, Ontario,in 1895, the son of James Sullivan and Emma Martin. He married Pearl McLean in 1922. Sullivan was a great-grandson of Irish immigrants who settled in Upper Canada in 1832. He died in 1971.

Canadian Speakers' and Writers' Service Ltd.

  • F0280
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-2012

Canadian Speakers' and Writers' Service Ltd. was begun by Matie Molinaro in 1950. Since that time it has represented the interests of several leading Canadian authors, performers and speakers including Marshall McLuhan, Harry Boyle, Mavor Moore, Celia Franca, Lister Sinclair, Don Harron, and several others. The Service also ran a writer's retreat north of Toronto until the late 1980s. Molinaro has also acted as a ghost-writer, written publicity, and translated material in her career as president of CSWS.

Tregelles, Samuel Prideaux, 1813-1875

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1813-1875

Samuel Prideaux Tregelles (January 30, 1813 – April 24, 1875) was an English biblical scholar, textual critic, and theologian.

Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1926-2005

Robert (White) Creeley was an American poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, editor, and teacher.

Waddington, Miriam, 1917-2004

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1917-2004

Miriam Waddington was a Canadian poet, short story writer and translator.

Nicolas, Nicholas Harris, 1799-1848

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1799-1848

Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (March 10, 1799 – August 3, 1848) was an English antiquary. In 1831 he was made a knight of the Royal Guelphic Order, and in 1832 chancellor and knight-commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, being advanced to the grade of the grand cross in 1840.

Legros, Alphonse, 1837-1911

  • F0478
  • Person
  • 1837-1911

Alphonse Legros was a French painter, etcher, sculptor, and medalist.

Mariposa Folk Foundation

  • F0511
  • Corporate body
  • 1961-

The Mariposa Folk Festival was conceived and realized by Ruth Jones and her husband Dr. Casey Jones, two folk music enthusiasts. Pete McGarvey a local radio broadcaster and Orillia town councillor suggested the name "Mariposa" in honour of local author Stephen Leacock's fictional name for Orillia in his work Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town.
The first festival was held in August 1961 and featured Jacques Labreque, Bonny Dobson, The Travelers, Alan Mills and Ian Tyson and Sylvia Fricker. Mariposa has hosted many up-and-coming stars in Canadian folk and popular music. From Leonard Cohen, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Joni Mitchell, and Gordon Lightfoot, all have performed in the early stages of their musical careers on the Mariposa stage.
The festival grew in popularity, size and rowdiness until the popularity of the 1963 festival (with over 8000 advance tickets sold), and the lack of sufficient security, led to a backlash from town locals. The city of Orillia secured a court injunction to prevent the festival from continuing in the town limits.
The festival moved to Maple Leaf Stadium in Toronto, Innis Lake near Caledon until settling at the Toronto Islands in the 1970s. In the 1980s, the festival was moved to Harbourfront and Bathurst Quay and later Molson Park in Barrie. The 1990s also saw a shifting roster of venues. Toronto Island, Queen Street West, Parkdale, Ontario Place, as well as Bracebridge and Coburg all played host to Mariposa performers and workshops. In 2000, the Mariposa Folk Festival was invited back to Orillia by city councillors Tim Lauer and Don Evans.
In 2010, the Mariposa Folk Festival will celebrate its' 50th Anniversary.
(Material below from history written by Mariposa Folk Foundation)
Mariposa is Founded
On a cold January afternoon in 1961, radio personality John Fisher gave a short but enthusiastic speech to the Orillia Chamber of Commerce where he suggested that Orillia needed something such as an arts festival to promote the town as a tourist destination. In the audience that day was Dr. 'Casey' Jones and his wife Ruth, folk music enthusiasts, and within days the idea of starting a folk festival in Orillia had taken root. Ruth called upon Pete McGarvey, a local broadcaster and town councillor, who jumped aboard enthusiastically. He suggested the name "Mariposa" in honour of Stephen Leacock's thinly disguised fictional name for Orillia in his novella titled Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town.
On August 18, 1961 the very first Mariposa Folk Festival saw two thousand enthusiastic and generally well-behaved attendees set up their lawn chairs in front of a medieval-themed stage at the Orillia Community Centre. Double that number showed up on Saturday night to hear such artists as The Travellers, Bonnie Dobson, Jacques Labreque, Alan Mills and of course, Ian Tyson and his beautiful partner Sylvia Fricker.
One interesting story from that first festival was the fact that home town boy, Gordon Lightfoot, was deemed to be "not of high enough caliber" to perform. He and then-partner, Terry Whelan, were told that they sounded "too much like the Everly Brothers."
In 1962, virtually the same lineup appeared -- this time including Gordon and Terry, then billed as The Tu-Tones. 1963 was a different story and a turning point in the history of the festival. Over 8000 tickets sold in advance and, by the festival weekend, festival goers nearly outnumbered the townsfolk. Restaurants ran out of food, the roads and highways were jammed, and crowding and confusion reigned. The small police force was overwhelmed as it struggled to cope with the crowds, the drunkenness, and the petty vandalism. The backlash from the townsfolk and their elected officials was quick and unkind. The days of Mariposa Folk Festival in Orillia were, so it seemed, done. The folkies and their rowdy behaviour were no longer welcome.
Mariposa on the Move
In 1964, the Town of Orillia got a court injunction and the festival was forced to go somewhere else. It moved to Maple Leaf stadium in Toronto, later to Innis Lake near Caledon, and finally to Toronto Island where it made its home for the 1970s. While not always a financial success, Mariposa built a reputation as the place to be among both audiences and performers. Artistic director Estelle Klein pioneered the idea of workshop performances and the idea was quickly adopted by nearly every festival in North America. Estelle also had an eye for talent. Among those she hired were Buffy Sainte-Marie, Gordon Lightfoot, Phil Ochs, John Hammond, Joni (Mitchell) Anderson, Tom Paxton, Pete Seeger, Doc Watson, James, Taylor, Tom Rush, Leonard Cohen, Murray McLauchlan, Taj Mahal, John Prine, Richie Havens, Buddy Guy and Bruce Cockburn. Neil Young made a surprise guest appearance in 1972 as did Bob Dylan.
It was during the time at Toronto Island that the festival blossomed with its workshops, its artisans area and its "native people's area." Dance, craft and music were consistently of such high standards that audiences returned year after year despite changes in the popular music mainstream.
By 1980, the festival had moved to Harbourfront in Toronto and then over to Bathurst Quay in 1981. That year the rain made the festival site a quagmire and, despite a good artistic lineup, the festival lost a lot of money. In fact, things were so bad financially that no festival was held at all in 1982.
In 1984, Molson Breweries approached Mariposa organizers about moving the event to Molson Park in Barrie. A few meters off the main highway to Toronto, and with lots of trees and open spaces, it seemed a good fit for a folk music festival. A modest crowd of 2000 people attended that year and established a home for the festival for the next several years. By the time 1989 rolled around, crowds of 25,000 were commonplace. The next year though, unseasonable cold and rain all spoiled the fun, and the festival was in debt once again. To make matters worse, Mariposa and Molsons parted company, and the festival found itself on the road once again.
Ontario Place became the next home for Mariposa and for two years served that purpose. In 1993 it was back to the Toronto Island for daytime workshops and to Queen Street West for evening concerts. James Keelaghan, Colin Linden, the Irish Descendents, Holmes Hooke and Ann Lederman were among the widely recognized performers to appear that year. For the next couple of years, the festival followed that format, but poor weather and weak attendance put the festival into serious debt, yet again.
The Doldrum Years
By 1996, there were threatening noises that the festival would fold, just like in 1987 when last minute heroics by Lynne Hurry and Mariposa founder, Ruth Jones McVeigh, helped save the festival from extinction.
In 1996, there were two Mariposa festivals: one in Bracebridge and one in Cobourg. Mariposa in Bracebridge was a success but the one in Cobourg lost money. By the end of the 1990s, the festival had become a small, one-day festival in the Parkdale neighbourhood of Toronto.
The Rising Phoenix
The City of Orillia had more than doubled in size since the festival was ignominiously given the boot in the early sixties. As was the case forty years earlier, there were individuals with foresight and imagination. City councillors Tim Lauer and Don Evans were like-minded individuals with an interest in folk music. Joined by fellow roots enthusiast Gord Ball, they cooked up a plan to approach Mariposa Folk Foundation about the chances of re-locating the festival to where it all began. It was a case of fortuitous good timing. With Mariposa scouting for a new location, the Foundation's board of directors was receptive to the request from the small party from Orillia.
Within weeks, a loose band of volunteers pulled together to form a not-for-profit organization, Festival Orillia Inc. (FestO), to stage the festival in Orillia, and to complete negotiations with Mariposa Folk Foundation.
Late in 1999, a three-year agreement to stage Mariposa Folk Festival in Orillia was signed and the re-building began. In the ensuing months of intensive meetings, discussions and planning sessions, a strong bond and mutual trust developed between FestO Charter President, Gerry Hawes, and Mariposa Folk Foundation President, Lynne Hurry. By the time of Mariposa's triumphant return to Orillia in July 2000, the two had already cooked up a plan to make Orillia its permanent home. Less than a year into the three-year agreement, a Harmonization Committee was struck, leading to the eventual disbandment of FestO with Mariposa Folk Foundation continuing on, not only as the predecessor organization, but as the successor organization as well. To this day, the Mariposa Folk Foundation board of directors is comprised of people from Toronto, Orillia and elsewhere across Southern Ontario.
At the first festival back in Orillia in 2000 nearly 400 volunteers signed up, and a stellar cast of performers played to the delight of a large appreciative audience. Of course, it helped that hometown boy Gordon Lightfoot headlined the Sunday night finale. Since then, Mariposa Folk Festival has flourished in Orillia.
During past decade, the Mariposa Folk Foundation launched a Hall of Fame to recognize leaders and classic performers from its past. Mariposa has also entered into a Partnership with York University to protect, catalogue and digitize its nationally significant archive of folk music and materials.
In 2010, Mariposa Folk Festival celebrated its 50th anniversary, cementing its place internationally as one of the 'Grande Dames' of folk festivals.

Mariposa In The Schools (M.I.T.S.)

  • F0511
  • Corporate body
  • 1969-

Mariposa In The Schools (MITS) introduces Ontario young people to world oral cultural traditions, reaching 50 school communities each year with a repertoire of world music, dance, storytelling, spoken word and puppetry.

We believe that oral traditions and world performing arts, celebrate, critique and share knowledge and lead to cross-cultural understanding and inter-generational continuity, ultimately building more caring and joyful communities.

Our artists connect with children and youth in meaningful creative learning that challenges perceived abilities and racial and cultural stereotypes, as well as inspire us all to reflect, cooperate and build something that’s bigger than ourselves.

Since 1969 MITS has been committed to the principle of equity of access for all children. We invest our fundraising revenues in this cause, bringing affordable programs to under-resourced inner city, rural and First Nations communities across Ontario.
(from MITS website:

Mackenzie, Lloyd William

  • F0519
  • Person
  • 7 March 1922-7 March 2007

Lloyd William Mackenzie (7 March 1922-7 March 2007) was a Toronto resident who travelled extensively and kept personal journals from 1935 to 2005 (excluding 1942-1943). Mackenzie took particular interest in international political and social events and recorded public events in his journals, alongside accounts of his personal life, including his work life, social and cultural events he attended, and his efforts to have his writing published.

His parents William Mackenzie and Elizabeth Roulston, may have adopted Lloyd in May 1922, according to a diary entry on 1 May 1939. During his adolescence, Mackenzie wrote short stories, some of which were published in Toronto newspapers. Mackenzie was a member of the 7th Canadian Division and later the Corps of Military Staff Clerks in the Canadian Army from 1942 to 1945.

Throughout his adult life, Mackenzie worked at a number of jobs as a clerk, labourer, movie theatre usher and security guard, although he attempted to find work as an author, journalist, television and radio scriptwriter and playwright.

Mackenzie travelled extensively throughout North, South and Central America, Europe and Australia. He lived and worked in Australia from 1957-1959 and in England from 1960-1964.

Mackenzie openly acknowledged his homosexuality in the late 1940s and his diaries record his involvement in the gay community of Toronto, and his relationships and friendships with other gay men.

Mackenzie died on 7 March 2007 on his eighty-fifth birthday.

Stong (family)

  • F0550
  • Family
  • fl. 1750-2005

The Stong Family are farmers of Pennsylvania Deutch descent who farmed lots 24 and 25 of concession 4 of York township, the land upon which the Keele campus of York University is built. The Stong family emigrated from Pennsylvania in 1800. Sylvester (Seward) Stong (1746-1834) and his wife Barbary Bolinger (1769-1863) established a homestead on lot 12, concession 2 in Vaughan township where they raised their family of 7 children.
Their eldest son Daniel Stong (1791-1868) fought in the War of 1812 before he married Elizabeth Fisher (1798-1885), had 8 children and farmed lot 25, concession 4. There they built a two-story log house and two log barns. During the William Lyon Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837, Daniel and his eldest son Jacob sided with the Reformers. Daniel Stong was captured and held prisoner by the government.
Daniel and Elizabeth's eldest son Jacob Stong (1821-1898) married Sarah Snider (1821-1900) and farmed lot 21, concession 4 at Elia. He later bought his fathers' farm in 1854, and in 1860 he built a two-story brick house on lot 25. He was appointed Justice of the Peace in 1874 and in 1897 he was an original director and judge at the Canadian National Exhibition. Jacob Stong was known as a good judge of livestock and was also a local expert on roofing. He owned the local sawmill and was a member of the Methodist Church. Jacob and Sarah Stong had ten children. Jacob was killed while driving home when he was hit by a fast express train at Downsview crossing.

Samuel Stong (1844-1930) was the eldest son of Jacob and Sarah Stong. He married Christina McNaughton (1847-1914) and farmed lot 24, concession 5, was a notable horse dealer and raised seven children.
Alfred Wellington Stong (1859-1936) was the youngest son of Jacob and Sarah Stong. He married Jennette Elizabeth Jackson (1868-1935) and they lived and raised their five children on the lot 25 homestead.
Oliver Wellington Stong (1897-1993) was the second youngest son of Alfred and Elizabeth Stong. He married Verona Bowes (1904-?) and farmed lot 25, concession 4 until 1952. Their son was Vernon Oliver Stong (1937-2005).
Daniel Stong and Elizabeth Fisher's third son,Joseph Stong (1826-1904) was born on lot 25, concession 4, York Township. He married Elizabeth Snider (1833-1911). Their eldest son Jacob S. Stong (1851-1941) ran a grocery store and butchers on Queen Street East. His sons Ross Stong (1877-1943) and Joseph Perry Stong (1881-1955) would move to Seattle and later Vancouver where they established grocery stores.

Portuguese Canadian Democratic Association (PCDA)

  • F0579
  • Corporate body
  • 1959-2007

The PCDA (1959-2007) was a Toronto based anti-fascist organization, composed of political exiles and other oppositionists of the Salazar/Caetano dictatorial regime in Portugal. The PCDA was very active in the Toronto, especially during the years leading up to and immediately after the Carnation Revolution of 1974 in Portugal. Besides engaging in political activism, locally and abroad, the PCDA also invested a great deal in cultural development, bringing important artists and intellectuals from Portugal and organizing high-cultural activities for the members of the Portuguese community of Toronto.

Arpin, John, 1936-2007

  • F0627
  • Person
  • 3 December 1936-8 November 2007

John Francis Oscar Arpin (3 December 1936 - 8 November 2007) was a jazz performer, composer, music producer, teacher and collector of historical sheet music.
Born Port McNicoll, Ontario to Marie Emelda (Melda) Bertrant and Elie Regis Arpin, he began taking lessons at the age of four and was composing his own music by the age of seven. During his childhood, Arpin competed in the Midland Music Festival as well as local community concerts and events. In 1950 he purchased his first opera score, the piano version for Puccini’s Tosca for five dollars, which was the genesis of his immense and wide-ranging music collection. He completed his solo performer’s degree (ARCT) and graduated from the Royal Conservatory of Music at the age of 16 in 1955. He pursued a degree at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Music while living at St. Michael’s Cathedral School and teaching theory, harmony, counterpoint and form.

In 1958 Arpin made a 45-rpm recording for Topping Records. Arpin auditioned in 1959 for the Leo Ramanelli Orchestra, which performed at the King Edward Hotel. He performed there for three years. He became a regular performer at Toronto’s nightclubs during the 1960s, including The Park Plaza Hotel, The Waldorf, Sutton Place’s Stop 33, The Ports of Call, The Hyatt Regency, Mr. Tony’s Place, The Prince Hotel and others. Arpin began receiving work on CBC television shows in 1960 and he would become the music director on several shows, including the King Ganam Show and River Inn, a Diamond Lil act with Vanda King at the Skyline Hotel.

Encouraged by Bob Darch, Arpin became absorbed by the history and performance of ragtime. This obsession with the jazz form led to Arpin collecting historical sheet music from the early twentieth century, although he also collected sheet music for orchestral, opera, popular music and other jazz forms.

Arpin was partner of recording label Arpeggio Records, along with Gerry Buck, which they founded in 1964. He managed and produced the work of several performers and groups including albums by The Hickorys, Jim and Don Haggart, Donna Ramsay, The Allan Sisters, Toby Lark, Lynne Jones and others.

A prolific performer and recording artist, particularly of ragtime, Arpin released numerous studio and live albums, including: Recordings include: Concert in Ragtime (1965); The Other Side of Ragtime ( 1966),
Harmony (1969 with Bill Turner, Jack Zaza, Mickey Shannon), Jazzology (1970), (Barroom to Baroque: The Piano of John Arpin (1971), Love and Maple Syrup: The Piano of John Arpin Plays Gordon Lightfoot (1972), a recording with Paul Fortier and Dean Macdonald for CBC in 1973, John Arpin, Jazz Solo Piano (1975), John Arpin - Direct to Disc (1975), I Write the Songs (1977), a single Do It Standing Up/ As Time Goes By (1983), John Arpin Plays His Anne Murray Favourites (1985), John Arpin: Music from the Movies (1985), Rags to Riches (with Catherine Wilson, 1986), Somebody Loves Me: Romantic Gershwin for Piano (1986, re-released in 1991 and 1995 under different titles), Ragtime Beatles (1986), From Kern to Sondheim: Great American Theatre Songs (1987), John Arpin Plays Joe Lamb (1987), Glad Rags and Sad Rags (1987) Creole Rags Played by John Arpin - New Orleans Music The Day Before Jazz (1987), Scott Joplin: Greatest Hits (1988), You Keep Coming Back Like a Song: A Salute to Irving Berlin (1988), Lullabies (1988 with Maureen Forrester), Meet Me in St. Louis: America’s Favourite Turn-of-the-Century Song Hits (1989 with Maureen Forrester, Glyn Evans and the Fanfare Palm Court Ensemble), Forgotten Dreams Volume 1 (1989 for Toronto Alzheimer’s Society), Kings of Ragtime: Ragtime Piano’s Greatest Hits (1989), Cakewalk: The Virtuoso Piano Music of Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1989), Broadway Baroque: Baroque Improvisations of Broadway Masterpieces (1989), Bach Meets Rodgers and Hammerstein: Variations in the Style of J.S. Bach (1990), Wishing Upon a Star and Other Childhood Favourites (1990), Champaign Rags: The Classic Rags of Joseph Lamb (1990), Scott Joplin: King of Ragtime (1990), Forgotten Dreams Vol. II (1991 for Toronto Alzheimer’s Society), Scott Joplin Classic Rags (1992), Best of the Honky-Tonk Piano (1992), Jalousie: The John Arpin Palm Court Trio (1992), Someone to Watch Over Me (1992), The French Connection (1992), Spirituals, 200 Yeas of African-American Spirituals (1993 with William Warfield), My Romance (1994), , The Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber (1994), Christmas with John Arpin (1994), A Time for Love: The Artistry of John Arpin (1994), Ragtime Rarities: Scott Joplin (1995), Fourth International “Unicom” Boehm Ragtime and Jazz Meeting ‘95 (1995), My Favourite Requests (1996), The Complete Piano Music of Scott Joplin (a four-CD set in 1996), Arpin at the Opera (1996), Joplin- The Greatest Hits (1997 - re-released in 2004 under different title), Romance at the Movies 1998),
Ragtime on Broadway (1997), Blue Gardenia: The Latin American Music of Hal Isbitz (1998), Greates Hits of Al Jolson 1998), Hits of the ‘50s Unchained Melody (a four-CD set in 1998), The Things I Love (2000, Fly Me to the Moon (2002), Over The Rainbow (2002), Wine and Roses (2002), Getting to Know You (2002), Halfway to the Stars (2002), On The Street Where You LIve (2002), Some Enchanted Evening (2002), The Best of John Arpin: Put on A Happy Face and Any Dream Will Do (both 2005), One Lucky Piano (2007).

Arpin passed away 8 November 2007 in Toronto, Ontario.

Felipe Gomes

  • F0634
  • Person
  • 1960-

Felipe Gomes is a entrepreneur based in London, Ontario who immigrated from Lisbon, Portugal around 1987. He opened and managed the Aroma Mediterranean restaurant and cafe and also manages an wine import business. He helped produce the documentary "Strong Hearts Steady Hands" about the Portuguese-Canadian immigrant experience.

Stein, Marc

  • F0664
  • Person
  • fl. 1995-

Marc Stein (historian and university teacher) received a Ph.D. in history from the University of Pennsylvania in 1995. He pursued research in constitutional law, politics and society of the United States, and social movements, gender, race and sexuality in North America, and has written extensively on these topics and other issues involving the gay and lesbian movements. After fellowships at the University of Pennsylvania and Bryn Mawr College and a two-year appointment as a visiting assistant professor at Colby College in Maine, Stein joined the History Department at York University in 1998. He became associated with the School of Women’s Studies in 2001, and was Co-ordinator of the Sexuality Studies Program from 2005 to 2009. Stein was appointed the Jamie and Phyllis Pasker Professor of History at San Francisco State University in 2014.

Clark, William Warner

  • F0669
  • Person
  • fl. 1859-1872

William Warner Clark was a Wesleyan Methodist minister who preached on the Blenheim Circuit in Canada West, as well as in Toronto and New York.

Powell, Rev. F.G.Montagu

  • Listed in Dalkeith Directory from 1890
  • Person
  • fl. 1882-1911

Described by Nina Cust as "A man of broad views and an inquiring mind. In later life he became a Theosophist. Author of "The Lesser Mysteries" (1913). In 1890 there is a Rev. F.G. Montagu Powell listed as the priest of the Episcopal Church, St. Mary's Dalkeith. In a book about the mythology of twins, a James Rendell Harris mentions "Mr F. G. Montagu Powell supplied me with an actual carved image of a dead twin, which he had obtained from his son, who is a doctor in Lagos."

Desh Pardesh

  • Q106610783
  • Corporate body
  • 1988-2001

Desh Pardesh was a multidisciplinary arts festival dedicated to providing a venue for underrepresented and marginalized voices within the South Asian diasporic community, particularly left wing and queer South Asian artists and academics. It operated from 1988 to 2001. The organization's mandate states: "Desh Pardesh is lesbian and gay positive, feminist, anti-racist, anti-imperialist and anti caste/classist. Desh exists to ensure that the voices and expressions of those constituencies in the South Asian community which are systematically silenced are provided with a community forum. In particular: independent artists, cultural producers and activists who are women, lesbians and gays, people with disabilities, working class people and seniors." Founded in the late 1989, the festival was originally conceived as "Salaam Toronto!" and administered by Khush, an association of South Asian gay men in Toronto. This day-long festival was held at 519 Community Centre in May, 1988. The Khush committee later developed into a coalition-based organizing committee to administer the newly named Desh Pardesh, which was held in March 1990, and was co-sponsored by Khush and The Euclid Theatre. Desh Pardesh was incorporated as a non-profit organization on April 7, 1994. In addition to organizing an annual summer conference and arts festival (featuring film screenings, workshops, issue-driven seminars, spoken work and literary readings, music, dance and performance art pieces), Desh Pardesh also hosted periodic arts development workshops, community outreach seminars, mini-festivals, art exhibits, and film retrospectives. It also served as a resource centre and referral service to various South Asian community groups and artists, cultural organizations and activists. In later years, Desh Pardesh worked in close collaboration with SAVAC (South Asian Visual Arts Collective). The Desh Pardesh festival and its administrative body closed in 2001 due to a financial crisis.

Planet in Focus

  • Q7201192
  • Corporate body
  • 1999-

Planet in Focus, an Environmental Film Festival based in Toronto, Ontario, is an incorporated not-for-profit organization. Mark Haslam, a York University alumnus, founded the festival promote awareness, discussion and engagement on a broad range of environmental issues.

Lorch, Grace K. Lonergan, 1903-1974.

  • TBD
  • Person
  • 1903-1974

Grace Lonergan Lorch (ca. 1903- d.1974) was an school teacher and social activist. Working in the Boston area, she also served as President of the Boston Teachers Union and as a member of the Boston Central Labour Council. Lonergan married Lee Lorch on 24 December 1943, and although she has been a teacher for almost twenty years, she was dismissed by the Boston School Committee due to a policy of not employing married women. She was the first person to challenge the regulation requiring married women to resign from their teaching positions. Although this appeal was unsuccessful (the policy would not be overturned until 1953), her efforts were later recognized in 2003 by the Boston Historical Society, who installed historical plaque at 1060 Morton Street. Lonergan continued to work as a teacher at Charles Taylor School at a substitute teacher's salary until the end of the war.

After 1946, the couple eventually settled in New York City with their young daughter in Stuyvesant Town, a private planned housing community whose tenants were veterans. Lee Lorch, by then Assistant Professor at the City College of New York, petitioned the developer, Metropolitan Life, to allow African-Americans to rent units. In 1949, pressure from Metropolitan Life led to his dismissal from City College. When the family moved so Lee could teach at Penn State College, they allowed a black family, the Hendrixes, to occupy the apartment in violation of the housing policy. This led to Lorch being dismissed from Penn State College in April 1950, and the couple moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where Lorch took up a position at Fisk University.

In response to the Brown vs Board of Education ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court, the Lorches attempted to enroll their daughter in the closest high school to their home in 1955, which previously had been all-black.[1] Due to his related activities in the community, Lee Lorch was called before the House Un-American Activities Committee in September of 1954, where he refused to testify regarding his political affiliations and civil rights activities. Under pressure from its white-dominated board of directors, Fisk University fired Lorch in 1955.

The family moved again, this time to Little Rock, AK, where Lorch found work at Philander Smith College. On 4 September 1957, during the Little Rock Central High School Crisis, Grace Lorch intervened to protect Elizabeth Eckford (one of the "Little Rock Nine") from an angry white mob.[2] In October Mrs. Lorch was subpoenaed to appear before the United States Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (chaired by Mississippi Senator James Eastland), where she was questioned by subcommittee member Senator William Jenner about her alleged ties to the Communist Party in Boston. Grace Lorch's refusal to meet with the committee privately and her attempt to read from a prepared statement resulted in a threat by Jenner to hold her contempt of the proceedings (this threat was not carried out). Immediately following the international coverage of the Little Rock Crisis, and her appearance before the subcommittee, Grace Lorch and her family received death threats and hate mail. Grace also received a flood of supportive correspondence from the United States and Canada and from as far away at Belgium and New Zealand. Upon the discovery of dynamite wedged into the family's garage door, Lee Lorch resigned from his academic position..

The family later moved to Canada, where Lee Lorch worked at the University of Alberta, and later, York University. Grace Lorch died in 1974.

[1] Letter written by Grace and Lee Lorch to Virgil Blossom, 21 September 1955. Special Collections. University of Arkansas Libraries. Available at:

[2] Grace K. Lorch FBI Statement Regarding Elizabeth Eckford Incident, 8 September 1957. Special Collections. University of Arkansas Libraries. Available at:

Malone-Mayes, Vivienne Lucille, 1932-995

  • TBD
  • Person
  • 1932-1995

Vivienne Lucille Malone, the daughter of Pizarro and Vera Estelle Allen Malone, was born in Waco, Texas, on 1932 February 10. As a member of the African-American community in the South, Malone faced significant challenges growing up, particularly in the area of education. However, thanks in large part to the encouragement of her parents, who were both educators, Vivienne thrived in the pursuit of knowledge despite the obstacles that existed.

From her earliest days as a student at North Seventh Street Elementary School in Waco, Vivienne experienced the challenges associated with racially segregated school systems. She did not, however, allow her circumstances to deter her. In 1948, she graduated from A.J. Moore High School at the age of sixteen. Malone then attended Fisk University where she earned her bachelor’s degree (1952) and master’s degree (1954). While at Fisk, Mayes changed her degree from medicine to mathematics after coming under the tutelage of Evelyn Granville, one of the first of two African-American women to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics. It was also during this time that Vivienne married her husband, James Mayes.

After a teaching stint at Paul Quinn College, Malone-Mayes decided to pursue doctoral work in the field of mathematics. In 1961, she applied to Baylor’s graduate program but was denied entry because the school had not yet been fully integrated. She was finally accepted into the University of Texas where she became only the fifth African-American woman in the nation to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics (1966).

In 1966, Dr. Malone-Mayes returned to Baylor University where she was hired to a full-time position as a professor in the mathematics department. She was the first African-American hired to such a position in Baylor history. She went on to have a successful, lengthy career in her field, serving on several boards and committees of note. She retired in 1994 due to ill health.

Alongside her academic pursuits, Dr. Malone-Mayes remained active in the local community. Since the days of her childhood, Vivienne was an active member of New Hope Baptist Church. She also served on various boards for Family Counseling and Children Services, Goodwill Industries, and the Heart of Texas Region Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center.

Dr. Malone-Mayes passed away in 1995 June 9 at the age of sixty-three.

Archives held at Baylor University. Finding aid available at:

Falconer, Etta Zuber, 1933-2002

  • TDB
  • Person
  • 1933 - 18 September 2002

Etta Zuber Falconer (1933 – September 18, 2002) was an educator and mathematician who was one of the first African-American women to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics.

York Region Alliance to End Homelessness

  • The Regional Municipality of York Council approval of funding application
  • Corporate body
  • 1999-2011

York Region Alliance to End Homelessness (YRAEH) was founded in 1999 as the York Region Alliance on Homelessness and Social Isolation after a merger between the York Region Task Force on Mental Health Services for the Homeless and Socially Isolated and the York Region Advisory Committee on Homelessness. YRAEH was a community-based, unincorporated coalition and was the product of community efforts to understand the emergency of homelessness in York Region at a time of both significant population growth and the lowest proportion of rental accommodation in the Greater Toronto Area.

YRAEH’s objectives included: telling the story of homelessness in York Region through research, partnerships and public education; developing and strengthening partnerships to promote systems thinking on structural and systemic issues; promoting inclusivity of individuals and organizations from all sectors and communities; facilitating collaboration for the exchange of ideas amongst member agencies and individuals; building the capacity of the sector through innovation; advocating for resources for vulnerable individuals and for the sector as a whole to help inform progressive policy change; and providing professional development opportunities and training for front line workers.

YRAEH grew in membership to sixty individuals representing over thirty agencies, community members, and community service providers working collaboratively to understand, plan and implement a strategic response to homelessness and the risk of homelessness in York Region. Member organizations in the early years included: Crosslinks Housing & Support Services, Simcoe York District Health Council, Transitional and Supportive Housing Services of York Region, The Salvation Army, Pathways, Red Cross, York Region Social Services Department, Transitional Housing Services of York Region, Canadian Mental Health Association, York Region Social Services, York Region Public Health, YSSN 310-COPE, Georgina Community Legal Services, York County Hospital, Housing Help Centre, Yellow Brick House Women’s Shelter, Blue Door, Youth Housing Markham, St. Elizabeth Health Care, Sandgate Shelter for Women & Children, Out of the Cold Program, Queen Street Mental Health Centre, Oak Ridges Methodone Clinic, Grace Baptist Church, Family Credit & Counseling, Children’s Aid Society, Cedar Lane, Aim for Change, York Region Food Network and others.

In 2005, YRAEH hired a part-time Public Education Coordinator, its first paid staff member. Until this point, member organizations and committees were instrumental in achieving program and advocacy goals and focused on the areas of sustainable funding and organizational structure, education and training, community development, research and policy, and advocacy for women experiencing homelessness. YRAEH, through collaborative research projects, was the first organization to document and understand the transportation challenges and health issues facing people experiencing homelessness in York Region, as well as housing issues for newcomers to the region. In December 2007, YRAEH became a project of Sage Centre (subsequently Tides Canada Initiatives), a federally registered charity formed to support and incubate projects and coalitions that enable social justice and environmental sustainability.

Among YRAEH’s accomplishments was its successful decade long lobbying to open the first emergency shelter for women not fleeing violence in York Region. Belinda’s Place, named after then Member of Parliament, Belinda Stronach, opened in Newmarket in 2016. In partnership with the Krasman Centre, YRAEH developed an award-winning photovoice awareness campaign, Hidden in Plain Sight: Living Homeless in York Region, where individuals experiencing homelessness documented their daily lives with cameras provided by the organizers.

The YRAEH was forced to close in March 2011 due to a lack of sustainable funding. Published reports and videos from the organization can be found on Homeless Hub, an online
homelessness research library maintained by the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness at York University (

Armstrong, Pat

  • VIAF ID: 100302692
  • Person
  • 1945-

Dr. Pat Armstrong was born in Matheson, Ontario. She received her BA in Sociology from Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1966, her MA in Canadian Studies from Carlton University in 1974, and her PhD in Sociology from Carlton University in 1984. She is recognized as an expert in the areas of gender equity; women’s work, women’s health and care labour; expertise acknowledged not only by Canadian courts and international consultations but also by reports commissioned by the Canadian and Ontario Governments as well as by the Romanow Commission and the Pan American Health Organization. She has held various academic positions, most notably: Teaching Master at Sir Sandford Fleming College of Applied Arts and Technology (1971-1973), Professor of Social Sciences at Vanier College (1974-1987), Lecturer at Concordia University-Layola Campus (1975-1976), Associate Professor of Sociology at York University (1986-1990), Director and Professor of Canadian Studies at Carlton University (1994-1999), and since 1990 she has been Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies at York University. From 2001-2011 she held one of twelve Canada Health Services Research Foundation/Canadian Institute of Health Research Chairs in Health Services and Nursing Research. From 1998-2011 she was Chair of the Women and Health Care Reform Working Group. In her other work, Armstrong has served as an expert witness on women’s work, in particular on cases related to pay equity and she has been heard before bodies ranging from the Federal Court to the federal Human Rights Tribunals and the Ontario Pay Equity Tribunal.

Armstrong has published widely, co-authoring and co-editing such books as Thinking Women and Health Care Reform in Canada (2012); Women’s Health: Intersections of Research, Policy and Practice (2008); They Deserve Better: the Long-term Care Experience in Canada and Scandinavia (2009); A Place to Call Home: Long-term Care in Canada (2009); Critical to Care: the Invisible Women in Health Services (2008) and Wasting Away: The Undermining of Canadian Health Care (1996), as well as more than seventy-five book chapters and numerous journal articles. Armstrong is a recipient of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association Award for Outstanding Contribution to Sociology (2002), and has also been recognized with invitations to give multiple keynote addresses to domestic and international audiences and received professional honours in the form of special lectureships across Canada including McGill, University of Toronto, University of Saskatchewan and Ryerson. At York University, Dr. Armstrong is the recipient of the Dean of Arts Award for Outstanding Research (2007) and the Dean’s Award for Outstanding Contribution in Teaching (1991-92). In addition, she has been recognized in 2010 as a York University Distinguished Research Professor. Since 2011, she has been a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Kastner, John

  • VIAF ID: 106660243
  • Person
  • 1946-2019

John Kastner was a documentary filmmaker, producer, writer, actor and director. Born in Toronto, Canada, he began his career as a professional child actor and appeared in many TV and radio programs, including the CBC drama "The Offshore Island". He also produced, directed and wrote for a variety of television programs, including game shows ("Photo Finish"), variety shows ("Street Comedy", "Ask a Silly Question" and "90 Minutes Live") and a children's comedy ("Just Kidding"). Kastner is best known as an award-winning writer, producer and director of television documentaries for the CBC and CTV. These documentary projects predominantly pertain to prisoners, Canada's prison and parole systems as well as the personal struggles of those with life-threatening illnesses. Kastner's documentaries include "Prison Mother/Prison Daughter" (1986), "Romance with a Rapist" (1997), "Hunting Bobby Oatway" (1997), "House of Secrets" (1997), "Rage Against the Darkness" (2004), "Monster in the Family" (2006), "Monster in the Family: The Struggle Continues" (2007), "Life With Murder" (2010), "NCR: Not Criminally Responsible" (2013), and "Out of Mind, Out of Sight" (2014). He received Emmy Awards for three feature-length documentaries, "Four Women" (1978), "Fighting Back" (1982) and "The Lifer and the Lady" (1986). Kastner has also written, produced and directed a number of comic documentaries, including "Ask a Silly Question" (1998), "Somebody's Gotta Do It" (1999), "Chickens are People Too" (2000), and "Sinner in Paradise" (2007). He died on 21 November 2019.

Wittenberg, Alexander Israël

  • VIAF ID: 107081044 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1926-1965

Alexander Israel Wittenberg (10 February 1926 - 19 December 1965) was a teacher, researcher and Professor of mathematics and mathematical education.
Wittenberg was born in Berlin in 1926 to a family of Russian Jewish immigrants. The family escaped Germany immediately after the 1933 Nazi rise to power and found refuge in neighbouring France. In 1942 the Wittenberg family was forced to flee once again, this time to Switzerland. Although uprooted, Wittenberg continued pursuing his education and in 1957 completed his doctorate at the renowned Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich) under the guidance of mathematicians Ferdinand Gonseth and Paul Bernays. During the post-war years Wittenberg taught math at several Swiss high schools, developed an interest in mathematical education and started his own family after marrying Marlyse Wittenberg, nee Marx.
In 1956 Wittenberg accepted the role of associate professor at the University of Laval in Quebec and relocated to Canada together with his young family. In 1963 he arrived at Toronto after being offered to join the newly established York University as a professor in the mathematics department. Proficient in German, French and English, he published his research in all three languages – altogether authoring five books and more than thirty articles, reviews and public addresses. As well, Wittenberg was an active participator in various contemporary debates regarding educational policies in North America and Europe – many times translating and informing different audiences about developments taking place in other countries. He was also actively engaged in non-academic discussions about high school and post-secondary education and advocated the crucial importance of advancing mathematical and scientific knowledge. In 1965 he was diagnosed with a brain tumor and died that same year at the age of 39.

Bosher, J.F. (John Francis)

  • VIAF ID: 109474680 ( Personal )
  • Person
  • 1929-2020

John Francis Bosher (1929-2020), historian and educator, was born in Sidney, British Columbia. He graduated from the University of British Columbia with first class honours in 1950 and a Canadian Government Andison scholarship from the French Department. He received a teacher’s training diploma in 1951 from the provincial Education Department, but took an administrative position with the Canadian Civil Service Commission while continuing his studies in French. In 1952, he travelled to London, England, where he met Professor Alfred Cobban of University College and discussed Bosher’s interest in the French foundations of Canada. Cobbon put Bosher in contact with professors at the Sorbonne, where he wrote his MA thesis on the attitude of the Physiocrats toward Great Britain and received his degree in June 1954. He returned to London to study under Cobban’s supervision, leading to a PhD in March 1957 for the dissertation, The Single Duty Project: A Study of the Movement for a French Customs Union, which was published in 1964. He taught as an assistant lecturer at King’s College, London, from 1956 to 1959, when he joined UBC’s History Department as an assistant professor. He taught at Cornell University in from 1967 to 1969, which was followed by his appointment as a professor in York University’s Department of History where he was appointed Distinguished Research Professor in 1989. Bosher was a prolific scholar whose work included: a series of lectures on CBC Radio that dealt with the French in the Fifth Republic and the controversial remarks of French President Charles de Gaulle; French Finances 1770-1795: From Business to Bureaucracy (Cambridge, 1970); French Government and Society 1500-1850: Essays in Memory of Alfred Cobban (Athlone, 1973); The Canada Merchants, 1713 -1763 (Oxford, 1987); The French Revolution (Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1989); Men and Ships in the Canada Trade, 1660-1760: A Biographical Dictionary (Canadian Parks Service, 1992); Business and Religion in the Age of New France, 1600-1760: Twenty-two Studies (Canadian Scholars’ Press, 1994); The Gaullist Attack on Canada 1967-1997 (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998); Imperial Vancouver Island: Who was Who, 1850-1950 (Xlibris, 2010); and Vancouver Island in the Empire (Llumina Press, 2012). Bosher was invited to join the Royal Society of Canada in 1976 and he was a visiting fellow at All Souls College, University of Oxford in 1991-1992.

Drache, Daniel, 1941-

  • VIAF ID: 112057972
  • Person
  • 1941-

Daniel Drache, professor and writer, attended the University of Toronto between 1960 and 1963, graduating with a BA in political science. He worked as a tutor at the University of Toronto in 1967-1968 and was a research associate for the Commission on University Government of the University of Toronto in 1969-1970. He worked as a freelance radio broadcaster for the CBC between 1968 and 1971 as well as a freelance book reviewer for the Toronto Daily Star between 1968 and 1970.

Drache obtained his MA in political science from Queen’s University in 1971. In 1970, he began his teaching career at York University as a course director in Canadian political economy at Atkinson College, followed by a position as special lecturer in political economy in 1971. He became an assistant professor in 1974, an associate professor in 1978 and a full professor in 1993. Between 1988 and 1991, Drache served as the chair of the Department of Political Science at Atkinson College. He was appointed director of the Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies in 1994, a position he held until 2003.

A prolific writer, Drache is the author of a number of books, including Defiant Publics: The Unprecedented Reach of the Global Citizen (2008), Borders Matter: Homeland Security and the Search for North America (2004), The Changing Workplace: Reshaping Canada's Industrial Relations System (with Harry Glasbeek) (1992), A Practical Guide to Canadian Political Economy (with Wallace Clement) (1978). He is also the editor of many books including Big Picture Realities: Canada and Mexico at the Crossroads (2008), The Market or the Public Domain?: Global Governance and the Asymmetry of Power (2001), Market Limits in Health Reform: Public Success, Private Failure (with Terry Sullivan) (1999), States Against Markets: The Limits of Globalization (with Robert Boyer) (1996), Staples, Markets, and Cultural Change: Selected Essays of Harold Innis (1995), Negotiating with a Sovereign Québec (with Roberto Perin) (1992), Getting on Track: Social Democratic Strategies for Ontario (1992), The New Era of Global Competition: State Policy and Market Power (with Meric S. Gertler) (1991), The Other Macdonald Report: The Consensus on Canada's Future that the Macdonald Commission Left Out (with Duncan Cameron) (1985), The New Practical Guide to Canadian Political Economy (with Wallace Clement) (1985), Debates and Controversies: From This Magazine (1979), and Quebec, Only the Beginning: The Manifestoes of the Common Front (1972).

Retired Women Teachers of Ontario

  • VIAF ID: 123111460 ( Corporate )
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-

During the late 1940s and early 1950s, small groups of retired women teachers began meeting in various parts of Ontario for fellowship, and to discuss issues of mutual concern. A group in Toronto known as the Rendezvous Club organized the inaugural meeting of the Ontario Association of Superannuated Women Teachers of Ontario in April 1956 for the purpose of persuading the provincial government to raise the level of pensions for retired women teachers to the same amount as that of male teachers. The organization grew steadily over the next 20 years, introduced a unique post-hospital insurance plan in 1963, and won the government's agreement to raise the pension rates for retired women teachers in 1967. The Provincial Office was established in Peterborough in 1971, when Cora Bailey was appointed the association's first Executive Secretary. Major changes were made to the constitution in 1999, when the name of the organization was changed to the Retired Women Teachers of Ontario. It continues to operate as a support system for the special interests and well being of over 5,700 retired women teachers. Meetings, excursions and other events organized by more than 50 branches throughout Ontario provide a forum for networking, socializing, and sharing information about health, hobbies and emerging issues such as telephone fraud. The branches also support numerous charitable causes such as food banks, women's shelters, the homeless, sick children, the Salvation Army and the Canadian Cancer Society, and provide support to members who are ill, home bound or have suffered a loss in their families. In addition, the RWTO commemorates the contributions of women teachers through published profiles, donations in memory of deceased teachers, and entries in a book of remembrance.

Borden, Robert Laird, 1854-1937

  • VIAF ID: 12434114 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1854-1937

Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937), lawyer and politician, was raised in Halifax where he became a lawyer and Conservative Party politician. He became leader of the party in 1901 and led it to victory in the national election of 1911, remaining Prime Minister until his retirement in 1920. Borden served as Prime Minister during World War I. He promoted the cause of Canadian nationhood within the British Empire.

Fleming, Allan

  • VIAF ID: 143849918 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1929-1977

Allan Robb Fleming was born in Toronto on 7 May 1929 to immigrant Scottish parents, Isabella Osborne Fleming and Allan Stevenson Fleming. His mother was a nurse and teacher; his father a switchman and later a clerk for Canadian National Railways. He studied commercial art at the Western Technical School until 1945, and was hired as an illustrator immediately on graduation into the mail order catalogue illustration department of T. Eaton Company. During this time he met Nancy Barbara Chisholm, whom he was married in 1951. After leaving Eaton's in 1947, Fleming worked as a layout artist with the Art Associates Studio and later as the art director of the advertising firm Aiken McCracken. He joined another advertising firm, Art and Design Service, in 1951, and worked with clients such as Ford, Helena Rubinstein, and Kaiser-Frazer until April 1953. Fleming started his own freelance practice at this time, beginning a relationship with Steve Barootes that included the design of print material and signage for Barootes' restaurant, The Fifth Avenue. He also attended a series of Typography Workshops at Cooper & Beatty Typesetters run by Carl Dair. This instruction formalised Fleming's fascination with the letterform, and he resolved to travel to Europe and England to study with master typographers and book designers. Allan and Nancy Fleming left for England in April 1953, where Allan worked as an art director for the advertising firm John Tait and Partners. He studied in London at the St Bride Printing Library, the British Library incunabula collection and the Victoria and Albert Museum National Art Library, as well as frequenting the most important typographers and type historians of the day. He was mentored by Beatrice Warde of the Monotype Corporation, Oliver Simon, Stanley Morison and others, and began to collect what would become a comprehensive reference library of books about typography, design, and book design. In London, Allan and Nancy met their lifelong friends, the poet Richard Outram and his wife to be, the artist Barbara Howard. On their return from London to Toronto in 1955, Fleming began working informally with Cooper & Beatty as a freelance designer and became head of the Typography Department of the Ontario College of Art, where until 1961 his teaching influenced a significant number of well-known graphic and editorial designers who emerged in the 1970s. In 1957 he was appointed Creative Director of Cooper & Beatty and his design and art direction work there during the following six years, informed by the study and mentoring he had followed in London, was of such a high calibre and so prolific that it was awarded numerous awards from professional associations such as the Toronto, Montreal and New York Art Directors' Clubs, Type Director's Club of New York, American Institute of Graphic Arts, the Aspen and Silvermine Design Conferences, and the Advertising Typographers' Association of New York. Fleming was well known in the United States as a Canadian graphic designer, and respected as a peer. During his time at Cooper & Beatty, he also organised a series of landmark exhibitions of international typographic designers. From 1963 to 1968 Fleming was Creative Director of the influential MacLaren Advertising firm while maintaining a busy freelance practice. Fleming's most significant contributions were to national identity and to the visual culture of Canada in the formative period of the 1960s. His logo design for Canadian National Railway was commissioned in 1959 and launched in 1960; it is still used today. Other logo designs for government and for important Canadian institutions in this formative period for the country are: Trent University (1964), Ontario Hydro (1965), National Design Council of the Department of Industry (1965), Toronto Symphony Orchestra (1965), Hudson's Bay Company (1969), ETVO (now TVOntario, 1970), Gray Coach Lines (1971) and others. Later, in 1973-74, while working with Burton Kramer Associates, he was involved in developing the project that led to rebranding the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. He worked on a number of important centennial projects during the mid 1960s, notably the award-winning book Canada: A Year of the Land for the National Film Board Still Photography Division. He was a jury member for the award of the design of Canada's centennial coinage, and worked closely with the competition's winner, Alex Colville, to create typographic elements for the commemorative coins. He designed the logo for Ontario's centennial project, the Ontario Science Centre, and a number of its early publications. He participated in the international design conference that took place at Expo '67, and was awarded the Centennial Medal by the government of Canada. In 1965, he was also awarded the Medal of the Royal Canadian Academy for "his distinguished contribution to the art of typographic design." Fleming also designed the first annual report for the Canada Council for the Arts in 1960, the street and shop signage for Upper Canada Village in 1961, lettering and silverware for Ron Thom's Massey College in 1963, a redesign of "Maclean's" magazine in 1963, electoral publications for the Liberal Party in 1965, the medal struck to commemorate the new Toronto City Hall in 1965 as well as its Hall of Memory and, for the Hudson's Bay Company anniversary celebrations in 1970, he produced a film directed by Christopher Chapman. In 1968 Fleming was commissioned by Postmaster General Eric Kierans to strike and lead a working committee on the design of Canada's postage stamps; he appointed, among others, artist Christopher Pratt and curator and arts administrator David Silcox. His "Report to the Canada Post Office on their philatelic product" became the new style guide for a renaissance in Canadian postage design that still forms the basis of stamp design in Canada. Fleming went on to art direct and design numerous stamps until his untimely demise from heart disease on 31 December 1977. He was awarded the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal just a few months before his death.

Galloway, Jim, 1936-2014

  • VIAF ID: 18570028 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1936-2014

James Braidie "Jim" Galloway (28 July 1936 – 30 December 2014) was a Scottish-Canadian Jazz musician, composer, radio host, educator, and co-founder and artistic director of the Toronto Jazz Festival (previously known at the DuMaurier Downtown Jazz Festival). Galloway was born in Kilwinning, Ayrshire and grew up in Dalry, Scotland. He attended Dalry High School from 1948 to 1954 before moving to Glasgow to study Commercial and Graphic Art at the Glasgow School of Art. He graduated in 1958 and subsequently attended the Glasgow Provincial Teacher Training College, before accepting a teaching position at the Strathbungo Senior Secondary School from 1959 to 1964. While in Glasgow, Galloway began playing Jazz - first clarinet and then saxophone - with Alex Dagleish’s Scottish All Stars and then with his own Jazzmakers. In 1964, Galloway emigrated to Canada, where he quickly became an active member of the local Toronto Jazz scene. He served as a booking agent for a number of prominent Toronto Jazz clubs - including the Cafe des Copains (later the Montreal Bistro) and the Bourbon St. Room. He also established himself as an accomplished performing saxophonist. In addition to playing with well-known members of the international Jazz scene - including Jay McShann and Wild Bill Davison - Galloway played in and then led The Metro Stompers Jazz band and his popular Wee Big Band, as well as a number of other musical projects. He toured extensively on the international circuit, playing in festivals across Europe and North America, notably the Montreux, Bern and Edinburgh Jazz Festivals. From 1981 to 1987, Galloway hosted a live Jazz radio show , Toronto Alive, broadcast on Toronto-based radio station CKFM from the Trader’s Lounge at the Sheraton Centre. He was co-founder of the DuMaurier Downtown Jazz Festival (now the TD Toronto Jazz Festival) and its Artistic Director from 1987 to 2009. Galloway’s 1979 Jazz album, Walking on Air, was nominated for a Juno in 1980. He was named a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the Republic of France in 2002.

Jaffé, William

  • VIAF ID: 34517964 ( Personal )
  • Person
  • 1898-1980

William Jaffé (1898-1980), educator and author, was associated with York University for the last ten years of his life as a professor in the Economics Department. Prior to his tenure at York, Jaffé had spent 1928 to 1966 at Northwestern University (Illinois), where he began his lifelong work on the French nineteenth-century economist, Leon Walras. He translated Walras’s "The elements of pure economics," and edited three volumes of Walras correspondence. Jaffé was made a Member of the French Legion of Honour, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Science and Letters, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the British Academy.

Zolf, Falek, 1898-1961

  • VIAF ID: 49137527 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1898-1961

Joshua Falek Zolf, writer and teacher, was born in 1898 in Poland, where he attended yeshivah from 1909 until the start of World War I. He found work at a leather factory in Yaroslavl, Russia, in 1916 so that he would not be forced into compulsory military service, but the Kerensky revoluntion led Zolf to volunteer for the Russian army. He was captured by the German army on the Galician front, and was a prisoner of war in East Prussia in 1918. He returned to his home village of Zastavia after the war, only to find the area consumed by civil war following the Bolshevik Revolution. He participated in the Jewish reconstruction of Poland starting in 1920, and became a teacher. Zolf emigrated to Canada in 1926 to escape Poland's antisemitism. His wife and children joined him in 1927 and they settled in Winnipeg's North End, where their fourth child, Larry Zolf, was born in 1934. After working as an itinerant teacher, he was appointed teacher and later principal at the Isaac Loeb Peretz Folk School. He was very active in the Yiddish literary community in Winnipeg, and frequently contributed essays to the Yiddish press. The memoirs of Zolf's early years in Europe were published in 1945 under the title, Oyf fremder erd = On foreign soil, which was translated by Martin Green and re-published in 2000. Zolf also wrote Di lets·te fun a dor : heymishe gesh·tal·tn = Last of a generation, 1952, and Undzer ·kul·tur hemshekh : eseyen = Our eternal culture : essays, 1956. Falek Zolf died in 1961.

Stephens, George Washington

  • VIAF ID: 72592634 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1866-1942

George Washington Stephens, Jr. was born in Montreal on 3 August 1866, and was educated at McGill University and the universities of Geneva, Marburg, and Hanover. He worked for several firms before becoming president of the Canadian Rubber Company of Montreal, and vice-president of the Canadian Consolidated Rubber Company. Stephens served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1905 to 1908, and was president of the Montreal Harbour Commission from 1907 to 1912. He was appointed to the League of Nations and the Governing Commission of the Saar in 1923, and served as the commission's president from 1924 to 1926. Stephens died in Los Angeles in 1942.

Burnard, Bonnie

  • VIAF ID: 79128928
  • Person
  • 1945-2017

Bonita Amelia "Bonnie" Burnard, writer, was born in Petrolia, Ontario, in 1945. She received her Bachelor of Arts in 1967 from the University of Western Ontario, where she was later writer-in-residence. Burnard taught at Sage Hill and the Humber School of Writing, and was a jury panel member for the Giller Prize in 1996 and 1997. She is the author of the novel "A Good house" (1999), which won the Giller Prize in 1999, and her most recent novel "Suddenly" was published in 2009. She has also written collections of short stories including "Women of influence" (1988), which was awarded the Commonwealth Best Book Award, and "Casino and other stories" (1994), which won the Periodical Publishers Award, Saskatchewan Book of the Year and was shortlisted for the Giller Prize in 1994. She is the co-author of "Coming attractions: Stories," and the editor of "The old dance: love stories of one kind or another" (1986) and "Stag line: Stories by men" (1995). She has read from her work throughout Canada and in the U.S., Europe, Australia and South Africa. Her stories have been included in many anthologies, among them: "Stories by Canadian women" (1999), "Mothers and daughters" (1997), "Arnold anthology of post-Colonial literature" (1996), "Spin on 2" (1995), "The Oxford book of Canadian short stories" (1995) and "Best Canadian stories" (1992 and 1989). Her short story "Evening at the edge of the water" was featured in the compilation of Canadian short fiction, "Turn of the story" (1999). She received the Marian Engel Award for her body of work in 1995. Burnard died in London, Ontario, on 4 March 2017.

Granatstein, J. L.

  • VIAF ID: 83991010 (Personal)
  • Person
  • 1939-

J. L. (Jack Lawrence) Granatstein is a historian, author, educator and defence and foreign policy commentator. He is the author of several works on Canadian military and political history, including 'Sacred trust? Brian Mulroney and the Conservatives in power,' (1986), 'Pirouette: Pierre Trudeau and Canadian foreign policy' (1990), and studies of Mackenzie King.

He was born in Toronto in 1939 and attended Toronto public schools, Le Collège Militaire Royal de St-Jean (Grad. Dipl., 1959), Royal Military College, Kingston (B.A., 1961), University of Toronto (M.A., 1962), and Duke University (PhD., 1966). He served in the Canadian Army (1956-1966), then joined the History Department at York University, Toronto (1966-1995) where, after taking early retirement in 1995, he is Distinguished Research Professor of History Emeritus.

His activities outside of York are numerous. In 1995, Jack Granatstein served as one of three commissioners on the Special Commission on the Restructuring of the Canadian Forces Reserves, and in 1997, he advised the Minister of National Defence on the future of the Canadian Forces. He served as the Director and CEO of the Canadian War Museum (1998-2001), after which he joined the museum's advisory council. Granatstein has served as a member of the Royal Military College of Canada's Board of Governors. He is also co-chair of the Council for Canadian Security in the 21st Century and co-chair of the Advisory Committee of the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute. In 2003 Granatstein was the J. B. Smallman Visiting Professor at the University of Western Ontario. Granatstein has held the Canada Council's Killam senior fellowship twice (1982-4, 1991-3), was editor of the Canadian Historical Review (1981-1984), and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1982- ). The Royal Society awarded him the J.B. Tyrell Historical Gold Medal (1992) "for outstanding work in the history of Canada," and his book The Generals (1993), won the J.W. Dafoe Prize and the UBC Medal for Canadian Biography. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by Memorial University of Newfoundland (1993), the University of Calgary (1994), Ryerson Polytechnic University (1999), the University of Western Ontario (2000) and McMaster University (2000). The Conference of Defence Associations Institute named him winner of The Vimy Award "for achievement and effort in the field of Canadian defence and security" in 1996. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada (1997).

Pollen, John Hungerford

  • a
  • Person
  • 1858-1925

(from Wikipedia entry)

John Hungerford Pollen (1858-1925) was an English Jesuit, known as a historian of the Protestant Reformation. He was one of the group of Jesuit historians restoring the reputation of Robert Persons. He was influential in the history of the term Counter-Reformation, accepting for the Catholic side the appellation for the period of Catholic reform centred on the Council of Trent, but at the same time offering an interpretation that made it less reactive, in relation to the Protestant Reformation. These ideas were put forth in the 1908 Catholic Encyclopedia article he wrote on the subject.

He was a correspondent of Georg Cantor, from 1896 and an active member of the Catholic Record Society (founded 1904). John Hungerford Pollen (senior) was his father.

For more information, see Wikipedia article at: .

van Eeden, Dr. Frederik Willem

  • Person
  • 3 April 1860- 16 June 1932

(from Wikipedia entry)

Frederik Willem van Eeden (3 April 1860, Haarlem – 16 June 1932, Bussum) was a late 19th-century and early 20th-century Dutch writer and psychiatrist. He was a leading member of the Tachtigers, and had top billing among the editors of De Nieuwe Gids (The New Guide) during its celebrated first few years of publication, starting in 1885. Van Eeden was the son of the director of the Royal Tropical Institute in Haarlem. In 1880 he studied English at Leiden University where he pursued a bohemian lifestyle and wrote poetry. Whilst living in the city, he coined the term Lucid dream in the sense of mental clarity, a term that nowadays is a classic term in Dream literature and study. In his early writings, he was strongly influenced by Hindu ideas of selfhood, by Boehme's mysticism, and by Fechner's panpsychism.

He went on to become a prolific writer, producing many critically acclaimed novels, poetry, plays, and essays. He was widely admired in the Netherlands in his own time for his writings, as well as his status as the first internationally prominent Dutch psychiatrist.

Van Eeden's psychiatrist practice included treating his fellow Tachtiger Willem Kloos as a patient starting in 1888. His treatment of Kloos was of limited benefit, as Kloos deteriorated into alcoholism and increasing symptoms of mental illness. Van Eeden also incorporated his psychiatric insights into his later writings, such as in a deeply psychological novel called "Van de koele meren des doods" (translated in English as "The Deeps of Deliverance"). Published in 1900, the novel intimately traced the struggle of a woman addicted to morphine as she deteriorated physically and mentally.

His best known written work, "De Kleine Johannes" ("Little Johannes"), which first appeared in the premiere issue of De Nieuwe Gids, was a fantastical adventure of an everyman who grows up to face the harsh realities of the world around him and the emptiness of hopes for a better afterlife, but ultimately finding meaning in serving the good of those around him. This ethic is memorialized in the line "Waar de mensheid is, en haar weedom, daar is mijn weg." ("Where mankind is, and her woe, there is my path.")

Van Eeden sought not only to write about, but also to practice, such an ethic. He established a commune named Walden, taking inspiration from Thoreau's book Walden, in Bussum, North Holland, where the residents tried to produce as much of their needs as they could themselves and to share everything in common, and where he took up a standard of living far below what he was used to. This reflected a trend toward socialism among the Tachtigers; another Tachtiger, Herman Gorter, was a founding member of the world's first Communist political party, the Dutch Social-Democratic Party, in 1909.

Van Eeden visited the U.S. He had contacts with William James and other psychologists. He met Freud in Vienna, whom he practically introduced in the Netherlands. He corresponded with Hermann Hesse and was a friend of the in London (UK) living Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin.

Van Eeden also had a keen interest in Indian philosophy. He translated Tagore’s Gitanjali.

In late years of his life, Van Eeden became a Roman Catholic.

Victoria Welby in a letter to Prof. Patrick Geddes describes him as "A poet, a scholar, a philosopher, a psychologist: but above all a practical socialist, in a good, even if in somewhat utopian sense. He has turned his Dutch estate into a Labour Colony...His new book is to be called "Happy Humanity", and I said that it was a mean word."

For more information, see: .

Hardy, G.G.

  • Person

May be G.H. Hardy.

Fraser, Bishop James

  • Person
  • 18 August 1818 - 22 October 1885

(from Wikipedia entry)

James Fraser (18 August 1818 – 22 October 1885) was a reforming Anglican bishop of Manchester, England. An able Church administrator and policy leader, he was active in developing the Church's approach to education and in practical politics and industrial relations. Though his views were ecumenical and he was respected within a wide variety of religions, against his own instincts he allowed himself to become involved in some unpleasant litigation under the Public Worship Regulation Act 1874. Born in Prestbury, Gloucestershire, Fraser's father was an unsuccessful merchant who left his wife and seven children in penury when he died in 1832. Fraser was brought up by his grandfather in Bilston, Staffordshire, then at various schools, including Bridgnorth Grammar School. He finished his education at Shrewsbury School and then Lincoln College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1839. His limited funds and the continual competition for bursaries entailed a scholastic life only relieved by his passion for athletics. He loved horses and hunting but found it difficult to finance the lifestyle.

Elected a fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, in 1840, he worked tutoring and in the library before taking deacon's orders in 1846 and giving up his passion for hunting. After some parochial work in Oxford, he was ordained a priest in 1847 before becoming rector of Cholderton, Wiltshire. He continued his educational work as a tutor and as occasional examiner.

In 1858, he served on the Royal Commission on education and in 1860 became rector of Ufton Nervet, Berkshire, soon establishing a reputation as an able church manager. He travelled to the USA and Canada in 1865 on a commission to examine education there and his insightful report enhanced his reputation as a social analyst and leader of church opinion. Though he was offered the post of Bishop of Calcutta he turned it down. In 1867 he was appointed by the Home Secretary to a commission on child labour in agriculture and further enhanced his reputation in policy development. In 1880, he married Agnes Ellen Frances Duncan shortly after the death of his mother who had shared his home. He died suddenly at the bishop's palace following complications from a chill.

For more information, see Wikipedia entry at: .

Hogarth, Janet Elizabeth Courtney

  • Person
  • 27 November 1865-24 September 1954

Janet Elizabeth Courtney (born Barton-on-Humber 27 November 1865; died London 24 September 1954) was a scholar, writer and feminist. She was a daughter of the Revd George Hogarth and Jane Elizabeth Uppleby; sister of the archaeologist David George Hogarth. She was educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 1885-1888 and was awarded a first class degree in Philosophy. She first had a part-time teaching post at Cheltenham Ladies' College, then worked as a clerk for the Royal Commission on Labour, 1892-94; was the first superintendent of women clerks of the Bank of England, 1894-1906; Librarian of The Times Book Club, 1906-1910; and on the editorial staff of the Encyclop

Huggins, Margaret Lindsay

  • Person
  • 14 August 1848 - 24 March 1915

Margaret Lindsay, Lady Huggins (born in August 14, 1848 in Dublin; died in March 24, 1915 in London), born Margaret Lindsay Murray, was an Irish scientific investigator and astronomer. With her husband William Huggins she was a pioneer in the field of spectroscopy and co-authored the Atlas of Representative Stellar Spectra (1899).

When Huggins was young, her mother died and her father remarried, leaving her on her own much of the time. Obituaries written by her friends attribute her interest in astronomy to her grandfather, a wealthy bank officer named Robert Murray. According to these sources, Margaret's grandfather taught her the constellations, and as a result of this she began studying the heavens with home-made instruments. She constructed a spectroscope after finding inspiration in articles on astronomy in the periodical Good Words. Her interest and abilities in spectroscopy led to her introduction to the astronomer William Huggins, whom she married in 1875. Evidence suggests that Huggins was instrumental in instigating William Huggins' successful program in photographic research.

Lodge, Sir Oliver Joseph

  • Person
  • 12 June 1851 - 22 August 1940

Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge, FRS (12 June 1851 - 22 August 1940) was a British physicist and writer involved in the development of key patents in wireless telegraphy. In his 1894 Royal Institution lectures ("The Work of Hertz and Some of His Successors"), Lodge coined the term "coherer" for the device developed by French physicist

How, Bishop Walsham

  • Person
  • 13 December 1823 - 10 August 1897

William Walsham How (always called Walsham; 13 December 1823 - 10 August 1897) was an English bishop.It was during his period at Whittington he wrote the bulk of his published works and founded the first public library in Oswestry. In 1863-1868 he brought out a Commentary on the Four Gospels and he also wrote a manual for the Holy Communion. Published by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge during the 1890s under the title "Holy Communion, Preparation and Companion...together with the Collects, Epistles and Gospels" this book was widely distributed and many copies still survive today. In the movement for infusing new spiritual life into the church services, especially among the poor, How was a great force. He took a stand against what he regarded as immoral literature and Thomas Hardy claimed that he had burned a copy of his novel Jude the Obscure. How was much helped in his earlier work by his wife, Frances A. Douglas (died 1887).

The son of a Shrewsbury solicitor, How was educated at Shrewsbury School, Wadham College, Oxford and University College, Durham. He was ordained in 1846, and after a curacy at Kidderminster, began more than thirty years actively engaged in parish work in Shropshire, as curate at the Abbey Church in Shrewsbury in 1848. In 1851 he became Rector of Whittington and was at one point Rural Dean of Oswestry in 1860.

Mount-Temple, Lady

  • Person

Could be one of two women.

Lord Mount Temple was twice married. He married firstly Harriet Alicia, daughter of Daniel Gurney, in 1843. After her early death the same year, he married secondly, in 1848, Georgiana Tollemache, daughter of Admiral John Richard Delap Tollemache, and a sister of the 1st Baron Tollemache.

Jenkinson, Alfred J.

  • Person
  • ca 1878 - 1928

Alfred James (A. J.) Jenkinson (c. 1878-1928). Translator; senior dean of Brasenose College, Oxford; O. B. E.

Whatham, Rev. Arthur E.

  • Person
  • fl. 1887-1911

Rev. Arthur E. Whatham appears to have been a member of the clergy who published books and articles on various theological topics.

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